Laura Kieler

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Laura Kieler
BornLaura Anna Sophie Müller
(1849-01-09)January 9, 1849
Tromsø, Norway
DiedApril 23, 1932(1932-04-23) (aged 83)
Ålsgårde, Denmark
SpouseVictor Kieler

Laura Kieler (born 9 January 1849 in Tromsø, Norway – died 23 April 1932 in Ålsgårde, Denmark) was a Norwegian-Danish novelist. Events from her life and marriage served as the inspiration for the character Nora Helmer in Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House.


She was born Laura Anna Sophie Müller to a Norwegian father, Morten Smith Petersen von Führen, and Danish mother, Anna Hansine Kjerulf Müller.[1][2]

When Kieler was nineteen years old, she wrote a response to Henrik Ibsen's play Brand that endeared her to Ibsen and his wife. They became friends and nurtured her literary ambitions.[3]

In 1873, she married Victor Kieler, a schoolteacher. The events of her marriage served as the inspiration for the character Nora Helmer in Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House.[4] Kieler's husband contracted tuberculosis soon after their wedding, and like the character Nora, Laura Kieler borrowed money under false pretenses in order to finance a trip to Italy for a cure. Some years later, in a desperate attempt to repay the loan, Kieler forged a check. When Kieler's husband learned of the fraud, he demanded a divorce and sought to bar his wife from their children. Kieler had a nervous breakdown and entered a mental asylum for a month.[2] They were later reconciled, but Kieler never forgave Ibsen for using her life as fodder for his controversial drama.


  • Kieler, Laura (1887). Silhouetter (in Danish). Milo'ske boghandelsforlag.
  • Kieler, Laura (1895). Paa post! : roman (in Danish). Odense: Milo.
  • Kieler, Laura (1904). Sten Stensen til Stensbo (in Danish). Hagerup.
  • Kieler, Laura (1909). Det stenholt Gods: et Sagn fra Stormnatten 1659 (in Danish). Copenhagen: Hagerup.


  1. ^ "Laura Anna Sophie Müller Kieler". Nordic Women's Literature. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mortensen, Birgit. "Laura Kieler (1849–1932)". KVINFO. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  3. ^ Joan Templeton (2001). Ibsen's Women. Cambridge University Press. p. 386. ISBN 9780521001366. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
  4. ^ A. S. Byatt (2 May 2009). "Blaming Nora". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 24 June 2017.