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Laura del Cármen Vicuña Pino|
April 5, 1891
January 22, 1904 (aged 12)|
Junín de los Andes, Neuquén, Argentina
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||3 September 1988, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Patronage||Abuse victims, Argentina, incest victims, loss of parents, martyrs|
Escape from Chile
Laura del Carmen Vicuña was born on April 5, 1891 in Santiago, Chile to Joseph Domenico and Mercedes Pino. The Vicuña family were Chilean aristocrats, the father in military service and the mother working at home. Forced out of Santiago by the revolution, the family took refuge in Temuco, but soon after Joseph Domenico died suddenly and Mercedes went to live with her two daughters in Argentina.
Early years in Argentina
Mercedes and her daughters moved to the Argentine province of Neuquén. In search of a way to finance her daughters' education, Mercedes took a job in the Quilquihué Hostel. The owner of the hostel, Manuel Mora, propositioned Mercedes, promising to pay for Laura's education in exchange. Laura soon entered the Hijas de Maria Auxiliadora (“Daughters of Mary Help of Christians”) School, where, under the care of the nuns, she began to take a deep interest in the Catholic faith.
Because of her deep religious interest, she was not well liked by her classmates. She spent most of her time praying in the school's chapel. She prayed every day for her mother's salvation and for her to leave Manuel Mora. She had one good friend, Mercedes Vera, to whom she confided her desire to become a nun.
Problems at home
During one of her school vacations, Laura was beaten twice by Manuel Mora, who wanted her to forget about becoming a nun. She held to this desire even when Mora stopped paying for her education, and when the nuns at her school learned of the conflict, they gave Laura and her sister scholarships. Although she was grateful to her teachers, she still worried about her mother's situation.
One day, remembering the phrase of Jesus: “No one has greater love than to give up one’s life for one’s friends," Laura decided to give her life in exchange for her mother's salvation. As time passed she became seriously ill with pulmonary tuberculosis. Before she died, Laura told her mother: “Mama, I offer my life for you, I asked our Lord for this. Before I die, Mother, would I have the joy of seeing you repent?” Mercedes answered: “I swear, I will do whatever you ask me! God is the witness of my promise!" Laura smiled and said to: "Thank you, Jesus! Thank you, Mary! Goodbye, Mother! Now I die happy!" On January 22, 1904, Laura died of her disease, weakened by the physical abuse she previously received from Mora, having offered her life for the salvation of her mother. From 1937 to 1958, Laura's remains lay in the Nequén graveyard, after which they were moved to Bahía Blanca. One of her famous sayings is "Suffer silently and Smile always"
The Salesian Sisters of Don Bosco started Laura's canonization process in the 1950s. The congregation commended that duty to the nun Cecilia Genghini, who spent many years collecting information about Laura's life. But she did not see the completion of her work; she died the same year the process began.
One incentive for the congregation was the beatification of Saint Dominic Savio (March 5, 1950) and the canonization of Saint Maria Goretti (June 24, 1950). The progress began in the city of Viedma. But Laura could not be considered a martyr, and because of her young age, there was not much hope for her beatification. Nevertheless, in 1981, the application process was completed by the congregation, and on June 5, 1986, she was declared Venerable.
Every candidate for beatification, except in the case of martyrs, must be shown to have obtained a miracle from God when their prayers were invoked. In Laura's case, the requisite miracle concerned the nun Ofelia del Carmen Lobos Arellano. In August 1955, doctors told Sister Ofelia that she would die of lung cancer in a few months, but when she confidently invoked Laura's prayers, the disease disappeared. September 3, 1988 saw Laura's beatification by Pope John Paul II. Her feastday is celebrated on January 22.
In the 2004 edition of the Roman Martyrology, Laura is listed under 22 January with the citation: 'Born in the city of Santiago, Chile, and a pupil of the Institute of Mary Help of Christians, for the conversion of her mother, she made an oblation of her life to God at the age of 13'.
No photograph of Laura was known until recently, when a group photograph taken at her school was discovered showing her true appearance. A likeness of her had been painted by Italian artist Caffaro Rore based on descriptions by her sister Julia, depicting her as a dark-haired girl with European features. Church depictions have been changed to more accurately portray her as a serious-looking mestizo child.
The primary shrine for Laura Vicuña is located at Renca Hill, a park of 30 hectares lying between the communes of Quilicura and Renca in Santiago, Chile. The chapel has a capacity of 100. On December 9, 1999, a shrine in the city of Junín de los Andes was inaugurated and dedicated to her memory.
There is also a small sanctuary in the village of El Durazno near the town of Combarbalá in the Coquimbo Region, where Laura spent part of her early childhood. Locals people contributed 200 blocks of adobe each for the construction of the sanctuary.
- A brave girl: Laura Vicuña
- Blessed Laura Vicuña
- Laurita delle Ande. Vita di Laura Vicuña
- Peter Lappin, The Falcon and the Dove: The Story of Laura Vicuna, Salesiana Publishers, 1985, 180 pages, ISBN 0899440673, 9780899440675
- Blessed Laura Vicuña Archived 2008-06-01 at the Wayback Machine. at Patron Saints Index
- "Blessed Laura Vicuna (1891-1904)", Salesians of Don Bosco, UK Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Bl. Laura Vicuna", Salesian Missions
- Heinlein, Michael R., "Blessed Laura Vicuña A patroness for abuse victims", Our Sunday Visitor, February 7, 2017
- Martyrologium Romanum, 2004, Vatican Press (Typis Vaticanis), page 112.
- Reliquia de Laura Vicuña en El Durazno http://www.fundacionlauravicuna.cl/ April 24, 2012, retrieved November 11, 2013
- Laura Vicuña on Atlas Vivo de Chile Retrieved November 11, 2013
- Laura Vicuña Foundation, Inc.
- LAURA VICUñA (1891–1904): DYING FOR EVERY WOMAN's DIGNITY
- Blessed Laura Vicuña at Patron Saints Index
- Catholic Online
- Salesians of Don Bosco UK
- Sodality of Our Lady
- (in Spanish)Laura Vicuña Foundation
- (in Spanish)Special of Laura Vicuña, web site of church.cl
- (in Spanish)Laura Vicuña Sanctuary on Alas vivo de Chile