Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena
Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena
|Born||26 May 1874|
Jericó, Antioquía, United States of Colombia
|Died||21 October 1949 (aged 75)|
Belencito, Medellín, Antioquía, Colombia
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||25 April 2004, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized||12 May 2013, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis|
Saint Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena (26 May 1874 – 21 October 1949) - born María Laura de Jesús Montoya Upegui - was a Colombian Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Congregation of the Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Virgin Mary and Saint Catherine of Siena (1914). She was well known for her work with Indigenous peoples and for acting as a strong role model for South American girls.
María Laura de Jesús Montoya Upegui was born on 26 May 1874 in Jericó in the United States of Colombia as the second of three children to Juan de la Cruz Montoya and Dolores Upegui; she was baptized that same day. Her siblings were older sister Carmelina and younger brother Juan de la Cruz; a maternal cousin was Luisa Upegui. During the Colombian Civil War of 1876 her father was killed and the household left poor as a subsequent result of this. She was sent to live with her maternal grandmother due to this; her grandfather was Lucio Upegui.
In 1881 the precarious economic condition saw her sent to an orphanage that her maternal nun aunt María de Jesús Upegui managed. Her aunt - in 1890 - enrolled her at "Normale de Institutoras" of Medellín to receive training to become a school teacher as a means of having income to support the financial difficulties her mother faced. She was educated at the Escuela de Espíritu Santo in Amalfi and then in Medellín. In 1886 she went to live on a farm to care for an ill aunt and it was there that her desire to become a religious began. Montoya graduated as a teacher in 1893.
In 1908 she began working with the natives in the Uraba and Sarare regions where she founded the "Works of the Indians". Montoya wanted to become a cloistered Carmelite nun but felt growing within her the desire to spread the Gospel to those who had never met Jesus Christ. Montoya wanted to eliminate the existing racial discrimination and to sacrifice herself in order to bring them Christ's love and teachings.
On 14 May 1917 she started the "Congregation of Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Virgin Mary and Saint Catherine of Siena". She left Medellín with four other women and went to Dabeiba to live among the native Indians. Even though this new order had the support of the Bishop of Santa Fe de Antioquia it was criticized even within Christian groups.
Montoya died after a prolonged illness on 21 October 1949 in Medellín in Colombia. The last decade of her life were lived in a wheelchair due to this. Her order at present now operates in a total of nineteen countries throughout the Americas as well as in Africa and Europe.
The process for sanctification opened in Medellín in an informative process that Archbishop Tulio Botero Salazr opened on 24 June 1963 and later closed on 14 May 1964; theologians later collected and approved her spiritual writings on 22 June 1973 after assessing that such writings were in line with doctrine. An apostolic process was then held there from 16 August 1976 to 19 December 1977 while this and the informative process received validation from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints on 22 January 1982.
The postulation submitted the Positio to the C.C.S. in 1988 which allowed for theologians to issue their assent to the cause on 12 December 1989 and for the C.C.S. to also approve it on 23 October 1990. Montoya became titled as Venerable on 22 January 1991 after Pope John Paul II confirmed that the late religious led a model life of heroic virtue.
The miracle needed for beatification was located and investigated in the diocese of its origin and received C.C.S. validation on 25 January 2002 in Rome while a medical board later approved this miracle on 17 October 2002; theologians followed suit on 1 April 2003 as did the C.C.S. on 3 June 2003. John Paul II approved this healing to be a credible miracle attributed to Montoya's intercession on 7 July 2003 and later beatified her on 25 April 2004 in Saint Peter's Square. The beatification miracle involved the 1994 cure of a woman (aged 86) from uterine cancer.
The second miracle - and the one required for full sanctification - was investigated and later received validation on 7 November 2008. The medical board granted their assent to it on 14 June 2012 while theologians likewise approved it on 12 October 2012; the C.C.S. issued their own approval on 10 December 2012. Pope Benedict XVI approved this on 20 December 2012 and scheduled her canonization at a consistory on 11 February 2013 - which included the pontiff's resignation.
The retired pope's successor Pope Francis canonized her as a saint on 12 May 2013. The canonization miracle involves the healing of Doctor Carlos Eduardo Restrepo who was suffering from lupus as well as kidney damage and muscular degeneration. The doctor was said to be cured after requesting the intercession of the then-beatified Montoya.
The postulator at the time of Montoya's canonization was Dr. Silvia Mónica Correale.
- "Saint Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Laura Montoya Upegui (1874-1949)". Vatican News Services. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "Saint Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena". Saints SQPN. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- D'Emilio, Frances. "Pope Francis gives church hundreds of new saints". Associated Press. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "Colombia's first saint a trailblazing champion of the indigenous". Fox News. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "Miracle could allow canonization of first Colombian-born saint". Retrieved 21 November 2014.