Laurasiformes

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Laurasiformes
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 130–99.6 Ma
Tastavinsaurus BW.jpg
Life restoration of Tastavinsaurus sanzi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Neosauropoda
Clade: Macronaria
Clade: Camarasauromorpha
Branch: Laurasiformes
Royo-Torres, 2009
Subgroups[1]

Tastavinsaurus
Venenosaurus
Cedarosaurus

Laurasiformes (meaning "Laurasian forms") is an extinct clade of sauropod dinosaurs from the late Early Cretaceous of Europe, North and South America. Defined in 2009 by the Spanish paleontologist Rafael Royo-Torres[2] as a clade containing sauropods more closely related to Tastavinsaurus than to Saltasaurus. Genera purported to form part of this clade include Aragosaurus, Galvesaurus, Phuwiangosaurus, Venenosaurus, Cedarosaurus, Tehuelchesaurus, Sonorasaurus and Tastavinsaurus.[3]

Its exact position and validity is uncertain and varies between authors. A cladistics analysis found a similar grouping outside Titanosauriformes,[4] while others have placed them inside Somphospondyli or Brachiosauridae,[1] consequently, it has been suggested that Tehuelchesaurus along with others of the previously mentioned genera, form two different clades outside titanosaurimorfes (Carbadillo et al., 2011)[5] while a more recent cladistics analysis found no support for the existence of the clade, with a revision of its supporting features finding them problematic due to being poorly defined, not present on most of the "laurasiforms" or being features present in many sauropods of other clades.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Royo-Torres, Rafael; Alcalá, Luis; Cobos, Alberto (2012). "A new specimen of the Cretaceous sauropod Tastavinsaurus sanzi from El Castellar (Teruel, Spain), and a phylogenetic analysis of the Laurasiformes". Cretaceous Research. 34: 61–83. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2011.10.005. 
  2. ^ Royo-Torres, R. (2009). "Los dinosaurios saurópodos en la Península Ibérica. Actas de las IV Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y su Entorno". Salas de los Infantes, Burgos: 139–166. 
  3. ^ a b D'Emic, M. D. (2012). "The early evolution of titanosauriform sauropod dinosaurs". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 166 (3): 624–671. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00853.x. 
  4. ^ Barco, J. L. (2010). "Implicaciones filogenéticas y paleobiogeográficas del saurópodo Galvesaurus herreroi Barco, Canudo. Cuenca-Bescós y Ruiz-Omeñaca 2005". V Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y su Entorno. Salas de los Infantes, Burgos: 3–6. 
  5. ^ José L. Carballido, Oliver W. M. Rauhut, Diego Pol and Leonardo Salgado (2011). "Osteology and phylogenetic relationships of Tehuelchesaurus benitezii (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Patagonia". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 163 (2): 605–662. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00723.x.