Gunderson earned her Bachelor of Arts in Creative Writing from Emory University in 2004, and her Master of Fine Arts in Dramatic Writing from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts in 2009, where she was also a Reynolds Fellow in Social Entrepreneurship.
Gunderson's play Exit, Pursued By A Bear has been performed around the country, winning Best Comedy in Austin, Texas.
Her play Émilie: La Marquise Du Châtelet Defends Her Life Tonight, about the real-life 18th-century physicist Émilie du Châtelet was commissioned and developed at South Coast Repertory as part of their 2008 Pacific Playwrights Festival directed by Kate Whorisky. It was produced the following year directed by David Emmes. On 25 January 2011, it opened in West Seattle, at Arts West Theater. It is published by Samuel French, Inc. (2010). Émilie received its European and British premiere in Oxford, UK during February 2014.
Her play Parts They Call Deep won the 2002 Young Playwrights National Playwriting Competition and was produced Off-Broadway by Young Playwrights Inc. as part of the young Playwrights Festival at the Cherry Lane Theater. "Parts They Call Deep" and Background won her the Essential Theatre Prize in 2000 and 2004. Background, about physicist Ralph Alpher, was published by Isotope: A Literary Journal of Nature and Science Writing (2009, issue 7.2).
Gunderson’s play Ada and the Memory Engine, about the relationship between Lady Ada Lovelace and Charles Babbage, inventor of the analytical engine, a proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, was produced by the Central Works Theater of Berkeley, California, in 2015.
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- "American Theatre Critics Association - ATCA Home - Gunderson's "I and You" wins 2014 Steinberg/ATCA Award, citations to Demos-Brown and Zimmerman". americantheatrecritics.org. Retrieved 2016-01-31.
- "Susan Smith Blackburn Prize Finalists Include Theresa Rebeck, Lauren Gunderson and More". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-01-31.
- "Exit, Pursued by a Bear". Playscripts, Inc. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
- Lauren Gunderson. "Emilie: La Marquise Du Châtelet Defends Her Life Tonight". Samuel French. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
- Mike Taylor (2014-01-31), ElevenOne Theatre presents Émilie: La Marquise du Châtelet Defends Her Life Tonight, 111theatre.co.uk, retrieved February 27, 2015
- Eugene O'Neill Theater
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- "Atlanta's Essential Theatre New Play Festival & Playwright Competition". Essentialtheatre.com. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
- Isotope Issue 7.1