Laurence A. Johnson
Laurence A. Johnson was an owner of four supermarkets in Syracuse, New York. Johnson was an elderly man who was very gracious that loved to talk about patriotism. He helped his daughter Eleanor Johnson with mimeographing, mailing, and contacts. In 1951, He and his daughter had a talk with the members of the American Legion Post in Syracuse. With the help of the post Johnson and his daughter soon became a force felt throughout radio and television. He embarked on a one-man "Syracuse Crusade" in the 1950s to force television advertisers to cancel sponsorship of programs in which "suspect" actors appeared. Johnson's pressure tactics were a manifestation of McCarthyism and the Hollywood Blacklist.
See the January 13, 1991 New York Times article 'If I Stood Up Earlier...' by television producer Mark Goodman. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE3DB1339F930A25752C0A967958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=3
The Book "Cold War, Cool Medium: Television, McCarthyism, and American Culture" By Thomas Patrick Doherty is available online:
- Doherty, T.P. (2003). Cold War, Cool Medium: Television, McCarthyism, and American Culture. Columbia University Press. p. 27. ISBN 9780231129527. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
The book "A History of Broadcasting in the United States" by Erik Barnouw
- Barnouw, E. (1968). A History of Broadcasting in the United States : Volume 2: The Golden Web. 1933 to 1953: Volume 2: The Golden Web. 1933 to 1953. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 273. ISBN 9780198020042. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
The book "Deadly Farce: Harvey Matusow and the Informer System in the McCarthy Era" by Robert M. Lichtman and Ronald D. Cohen
- Lichtman, R.M.; Cohen, R.D. (2004). Deadly Farce: Harvey Matusow and the Informer System in the McCarthy Era. University of Illinois Press. p. 63. ISBN 9780252028861. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
The Book "Programming for TV, Radio, and Cable" by Edwin T. Vane and Lynne S. Gross
- Vane, E.T.; Gross, L.S. (1994). Programming for TV, Radio, and Cable. Focal Press. p. 239. ISBN 9780240801285. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
The paper "How the Film and Television Blacklists Worked" by Richard A. Schwartz
- "blacklist". comptalk.fiu.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
The newspaper column "Standing Tall Against McCarthy" By Molly Ivins, Texas Observer. Posted November 29, 2005. http://www.alternet.org/movies/28826/
- Barnouw, E. (1968). The Golden Web: A History of Broadcasting in the United States Volume II. New York: Oxford University Press.