Laurence Oliphant (British Army officer)

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Sir Laurence Oliphant
Laurenceoliphant.jpg
General Sir Laurence Oliphant
Born(1846-12-14)14 December 1846
Died6 July 1914(1914-07-06) (aged 67)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
RankGeneral
UnitSudan Campaign
Second Boer War
Commands heldNorthern Command
Home District
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Mentioned in Despatches

General Sir Laurence James Oliphant, KCB, KCVO, JP, 9th of Condie and 31st Chief of Clan Oliphant (14 December 1846 – 6 July 1914) was a British Army general who reached high office in the early years of the twentieth century.

Military career[edit]

Oliphant was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards in October 1866,[1] was promoted to lieutenant and captain in December 1869, and to captain and lieutenant-colonel in December 1876. He was regimental major from November 1882, and served in the Sudan Campaign in 1885. Promoted to colonel in 1886, he was lieutenant-colonel in command of the 3rd battalion from October 1889, and colonel in command of the Grenadier Guards Regiment from July 1894.[2]

Oliphant was promoted to major general on 26 November 1898, and in February 1900 received a temporary appointment commanding the Militia at Aldershot.[3][4] Later the same year he went to South Africa to serve in the Second Boer War, where he was in command of the Elandsfontein district and Klerksdorp sub-district. For his service he was mentioned in despatches (including by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902),[5] and was created a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the October 1902 South Africa Honours list.[6][7]

He was appointed Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding the Home District for three years from 1 January 1903.[2] He then served as General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Northern Command in 1907; he retired in 1911.[7]

He later held the office of Justice of the Peace for Perthshire.[7]

Family[edit]

Laurence was the only son of Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie, Member of Parliament for Perth who died when Laurence was sixteen.[8][9] In 1878 he married Hon. Mary Monica Gerard and together they went on to have two sons and a daughter.[7] His ancestral seat, Newton of Condie, was destroyed by fire in 1864.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain By Peter Beauclerk Dewar, Page 1123
  2. ^ a b "Naval & Military intelligence - Command of the Home District". The Times (36903). London. 20 October 1902. p. 8.
  3. ^ "No. 27165". The London Gazette. 16 February 1900. p. 1078.
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36061). London. 9 February 1900. p. 11.
  5. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4837.
  6. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6897.
  7. ^ a b c d The Peerage.com
  8. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry 19th Edition, The Kingdom in Scotland
  9. ^ Burke’s Peerage & Baronetage 107th Edition
  10. ^ "Laurence James Oliphant". British Empire. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Trotter
GOC Home District
1903–1906
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Stopford
As GOC London District
Preceded by
Sir Leslie Rundle
GOC-in-C Northern Command
1907–1911
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Plumer