Laurence Oliphant (British Army officer)

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Sir Laurence Oliphant
Laurenceoliphant.jpg
General Sir Laurence Oliphant
Born (1846-12-14)14 December 1846
Died 6 July 1914(1914-07-06) (aged 67)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank General
Unit Sudan Campaign
Second Boer War
Commands held Northern Command
Home District
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Mentioned in Despatches

General Sir Laurence James Oliphant, KCB, KCVO, 9th of Condie and 31st Chief of Clan Oliphant (14 December 1846 – 6 July 1914) was a British Army general who reached high office in the early years of the twentieth century.

Military career[edit]

Oliphant was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards,[1] and served in the Sudan Campaign in 1885. He was in command of the Grenadier Guards during the 1890s. He was promoted to major general on 26 November 1898, and in February 1900 received a temporary appointment commanding the Militia at Aldershot.[2][3] Later the same year he went to South Africa to serve in the Second Boer War, being mentioned in despatches (including by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902[4]).[5]

He was appointed Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding the Home District in 1903 and then General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Northern Command in 1907; he retired in 1911.[5]

He later held the office of Justice of the Peace for Perthshire.[5]

Family[edit]

Laurence was the only son of Laurence Oliphant, 8th of Condie, Member of Parliament for Perth who died when Laurence was sixteen.[6][7] In 1878 he married Hon. Mary Monica Gerard and together they went on to have two sons and a daughter.[5] His ancestral seat, Newton of Condie, was destroyed by fire in 1864.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain By Peter Beauclerk Dewar, Page 1123
  2. ^ "No. 27165". The London Gazette. 16 February 1900. p. 1078. 
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36061). London. 9 February 1900. p. 11. 
  4. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4837. 
  5. ^ a b c d The Peerage.com
  6. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry 19th Edition, The Kingdom in Scotland
  7. ^ Burke’s Peerage & Baronetage 107th Edition
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Trotter
GOC Home District
1903–1906
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Stopford
As GOC London District
Preceded by
Sir Leslie Rundle
GOC-in-C Northern Command
1907–1911
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Plumer