Laurence Steinhardt

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Laurence Steinhardt
Laurence Steinhardt.jpg
United States Ambassador to Sweden
In office
August 28, 1933 – June 26, 1937
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byJohn Motley Morehead III
Succeeded byFred Morris Dearing
United States Ambassador to Peru
In office
13 September 1937 – 10 April 1939
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byFred Morris Dearing
Succeeded byRaymond Henry Norweb
United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union
In office
11 August 1939 – 12 November 1941
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byJoseph E. Davies
Succeeded byWilliam H. Standley
United States Ambassador to Turkey
In office
1942–1945
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byJohn Van A. MacMurray
Succeeded byEdwin C. Wilson
United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia
In office
20 July 1945 – 19 September 1948
PresidentHarry Truman
Preceded byAnthony J. Biddle, Jr.
Succeeded byJoseph E. Jacobs
United States Ambassador to Canada
In office
1948–1950
PresidentHarry Truman
Preceded byRay Atherton
Succeeded byStanley Woodward
Personal details
Born
Laurence Adolph Steinhardt

October 6, 1892
New York City, New York
DiedMarch 28, 1950(1950-03-28) (aged 57)
near Ramsayville, Ontario
Spouse(s)Dulcie Hofmann Steinhardt Beau
Alma materColumbia University (BA, MA, LLB)
Professiondiplomat, lawyer

Laurence Adolph Steinhardt (October 6, 1892 – March 28, 1950) was a United States diplomat. He served as the U.S. Minister to Sweden and U.S. Ambassador to Peru, the USSR, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, and Canada.[1] He was the first United States Ambassador to be killed in office.

Biography[edit]

Steinhardt was born October 6, 1892 in New York City. He served as a Sergeant in the Quartermaster Corps in the U.S. Army in World War I.[2]

He was a member of the Federation of American Zionists and the American Zion Commonwealth. He practiced law at Guggenheimer, Untermyer and Marshall, where his uncle Samuel Untermyer was partner, from 1920 through 1933. In 1932, he worked on the presidential campaign of Franklin Roosevelt.[3]


Steinhardt was appointed U.S. Minister to Sweden in 1933 by Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was appointed ambassador to Peru in 1937, the Soviet Union in 1939.

On 23 February 1940, writing a letter from Moscow to Loy Henderson at the US Dept of State, Steinhardt reported that after having visited Riga, Tallinn and Leningrad with John Copper Wiley that he "could find no evidence in Riga or Tallinn -- and John agrees with me -- that there is any move presently on foot by the Soviets to "take over"."[4] Of course the take over did take place several months later in June 1940.

In 1941, he evacuated Moscow embassy to Kuybyshev.[5]

On January 12, 1942, he was appointed ambassador to Turkey. While ambassador to Turkey, Steinhardt, particularly because he was Jewish, was involved in the rescue of Hungarian Jews from Bergen Belsen. He also played a significant role in helping many eminent intellectuals fleeing Europe to find refuge in Turkey.[6]

In 1945, President Truman appointed Steinhardt ambassador to Czechoslovakia, and to Canada in 1948. While serving as the Ambassador to Canada, he was killed in a plane crash on March 28, 1950 near Ramsayville, Ontario, while en route to Washington, D. C. [7]

He is buried in section 30, Arlington National Cemetery.[8]

Family[edit]

He married the former Dulcie Yates Hofmann (1917 - 1974); they had one daughter, Dulcie Ann.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • "Index to Politicians: Stein to Steinzer". The Political Graveyard. March 10, 2005. Retrieved August 23, 2007.
  • https://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/steinhardt-laurence-adolph
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Fred Morris Dearing
United States Ambassador to Peru
1937–1939
Succeeded by
Raymond Henry Norweb
Preceded by
Joseph E. Davies
United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union
1939–1941
Succeeded by
William H. Standley
Preceded by
John Van Antwerp MacMurray
United States Ambassador to Turkey
1941–1945
Succeeded by
Edwin C. Wilson
Preceded by
Anthony J. Biddle, Jr.
United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia
1944–1948
Succeeded by
Joseph E. Jacobs
Preceded by
Ray Atherton
United States Ambassador to Canada
1948–1950
Succeeded by
Stanley Woodward