Laurent Lafforgue

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Laurent Lafforgue
Born (1966-11-06) 6 November 1966 (age 49)
Antony, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Nationality French
Fields Mathematics
Institutions CNRS
Alma mater Université de Paris-Sud
École Normale Supérieure
Doctoral advisor Gérard Laumon
Doctoral students Ngô Đắc Tuấn
Known for Proof of Langlands conjectures
Notable awards Clay Research Award (2000)
Fields Medal (2002)

Laurent Lafforgue (French: [lafɔʁɡ]; born 6 November 1966) is a French mathematician. He has made outstanding contributions to Langlands' program in the fields of number theory and analysis,[1] and in particular proved the Langlands conjectures for the automorphism group of a function field. The crucial contribution by Lafforgue to solve this question is the construction of compactifications of certain moduli stacks of shtukas. The monumental proof is the result of more than six years of concentrated efforts.

In 2002 at the 24th International Congress of Mathematicians in Beijing, China he received the Fields Medal together with Vladimir Voevodsky.


He won 2 silver medals at International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) in 1984 and 1985. He entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1986. In 1994 he received his Ph.D. under the direction of Gérard Laumon in the Arithmetic and Algebraic Geometry team at the Université de Paris-Sud. Currently he is a research director of CNRS, detached as permanent professor of mathematics at the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (I.H.E.S.) in Bures-sur-Yvette, France.

He received the Clay Research Award in 2000. His younger brother Vincent Lafforgue is also a notable mathematician. On 22 May 2011 Lafforgue was awarded an honorary Doctor of Science from the University of Notre Dame.[2]


Laurent Lafforgue has two brothers, Thomas and Vincent, both mathematicians. The two brothers are now a teacher in a classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles at Lycée Louis le Grand in Paris and a CNRS researcher at Jussieu's Mathematics Institute, respectively.


Lafforgue is a critic of what he calls the "pedagogically correct" in France's educational system. In 2005, he was forced to resign from the Haut conseil de l'éducation after he expressed these views in a private letter that he sent to Bruno Racine, president of the HCE, that later was made public.[3]


  1. ^ D Mackenzie (2000) Fermat's Last Theorem's First Cousin, Science 287(5454), 792-793.
  2. ^ University of Notre Dame. "Honorary Degree". Retrieved 20 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "« Démission » forcée de Laurent Lafforgue, mathématicien français, du Haut Conseil de l'Education (HCE)", Polémia (in French), December 10, 2005 .

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