Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya
Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya
|Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Kinshasa|
|Appointed||6 December 2007|
|Installed||2 February 2008|
|Term ended||1 November 2018|
|Successor||Fridolin Ambongo Besungu|
|Other post(s)||Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria "Regina Pacis" in Ostia mare|
Member of the Council of Cardinals
|Ordination||21 December 1963|
by Gregorio Pietro Agagianian
|Consecration||4 May 1980|
by Pope John Paul II
|Created cardinal||20 November 2010|
by Pope Benedict XVI
|Birth name||Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya|
|Born||7 October 1939|
Mongobele, Belgian Congo
|Died||11 July 2021 (aged 81)|
|Motto||In fide veritatis|
(English: In faith truth)
|Coat of arms|
Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya (7 October 1939 – 11 July 2021) was a Congolese prelate of the Catholic Church. He was the Archbishop of Kinshasa from 2007 to 2018. He became a cardinal in 2010. He was widely recognized as a champion of peace, dialogue, and human rights.
Monsengwo Pasinya was born in Mongobele, Diocese of Inongo. He belonged to one of the royal families of Basakata; his second name, Monsengwo, means "nephew of the traditional chief".
He did his initial ecclesiastical studies at the Seminary of Bokoro and furthered them at the Major Seminary of Kabwe where he studied philosophy. He was sent to Rome to attend the Pontifical Urbaniana University, and the Pontifical Biblical Institute. He also studied at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Jerusalem, where he was awarded a doctorate in biblical studies. He is the first African to obtain such a doctorate. He studied there under Carlo Maria Martini, S.J.. who later became a cardinal and archbishop of Milan. He was ordained to the priesthood on 21 December 1963 in Rome. After his ordination he did pastoral work and served as a faculty member at the Theological Faculty of Kinshasa for several years. He was secretary-general of the Congolese Episcopal Conference from 1976 to 1980.
Pope John Paul II appointed him Titular Bishop of Aquae Novae in Proconsulari and Auxiliary Bishop of Kisangani on 13 February 1980. He was consecrated on 4 May 1980 in Kinshasa by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Agnelo Rossi, Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, and Joseph Malula, Archbishop of Kinshasa. He served as president of the Congolese Episcopal Conference in 1980 and again in 1992. He was appointed Metropolitan Archbishop of Kisangani on 1 September 1988. When dictator Mobutu Sese Seko was losing his grip on power in the mid-1990s, the country needed someone of unimpeachable integrity to engineer the transition. Monsengwo Pasinya was appointed president of the Sovereign National Conference in 1991, president of the High Council of the Republic in 1992, and speaker of a Transitional Parliament in 1994.
Pope Benedict XVI transferred him to the metropolitan see of Kinshasa on 6 December 2007 after the death of Cardinal Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi in January 2007. He served as Co-President of Pax Christi International from 2007 to 2010.
He served two terms as head of the Congolese Bishops Conference and was president of the episcopal conference of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM) from 1997 to 2003.
He participated in the Synod of Bishops on several occasions. John Paul named him a member of the 2001 Synod. Pope Benedict XVI named him special secretary for the Synod of Bishops held in October 2008, and delegate-president for that of 2012. Pope Francis named him a papal delegate to the Synod of 2015 on the family in the Church and the modern world.
In October 2009, addressing the Synod of Bishops' special assembly for Africa, he said:
Peace goes hand in hand with justice, justice with right, right with truth. Without justice, social peace is badly placed. Thus, the promotion of the State of Law is necessary, at any price, where the primacy of the law reigns, notably constitutional law; the States of Law where the arbitrary and subjectivity do not create the law of the jungle; States of Law where national sovereignty is recognized and respected; States of Law where to each one, its due is equitably rendered. Without truth, it is difficult to ensure justice and to speak of rights. The consequence of this is that right and not right have equal freedom of the city; which makes it impossible to have an harmonious order of things or “tranquillitas ordinis”. “In truth there is peace” (Benedict XVI). This is why in seeking peaceful solutions, all notable diplomatic and political approaches aim at reestablishing truth, justice and peace. Christ is our peace, He made peace, He proclaimed peace, so that all Jews and pagans could be made one people. Not by leaving each other with their privileges and their rights, but in abolishing exclusion, in pulling down the wall of cultural and social separation, in destroying the hatred which He crucified upon the cross with his body. Jews and Gentiles are no longer foreigners, or strangers, but close friends, fellow-citizens of the saints, and each one has the same heritage (Eph 3:6) having belonged in the past to the one Israel. In this way, He created a new man, to reconcile them both to God and to give them access to the Father through the Spirit. It is in doing away with all these barriers, exclusion, discriminatory laws in faith and society, and especially in killing hatred that one reconciles men and peace is made.
Pope John Paul named him a member of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace on 22 April 2002. On 20 November 2010 Pope Benedict made him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria "Regina Pacis" in Ostia mare. On 11 December 2010, Benedict named him a member of the Congregation for Catholic Education, on 29 December 2010 of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, on 10 December 2011 of the Pontifical Council for Culture, on 29 December 2011 of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, and on 5 March 2012 of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
In 2013, Monsengwo Pasinya was mentioned as a possible successor to Pope Benedict XVI. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis. On 13 April 2013, he was appointed to the Council of Cardinals, a group Pope Francis established a month after his election to advise him and to study a plan for revising the Apostolic Constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus.
In January 2018, even as he approached retirement, he continued to protest violence on Kabila's part against protesters calling on him to abide by the constitutional restrictions in his term of office.
Pope Francis accepted his resignation as Archbishop of Kinshasa on 1 November 2018. On 12 December 2018, the Vatican announced that Monsengwo Pasinya would be leaving the Council of Cardinals as part of his retirement as well.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 06.12.2007" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- Tom, Heneghan (12 July 2012). "Influential Cardinal Monsengwo of Kinshasa dies in Paris at 81". The Tablet. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
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- "Rinunce e Nomine, 23.08.2008" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 23 August 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 30.06.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 30 June 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "XIV Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi (4-25 ottobre 2015) - Elenco dei Partecipanti, 15.09.2015" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Interventions From Synod's 12th Congregation". Zenit. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
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- "Unbendable". The Economist. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
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- "Rinunce e Nomine, 29.12.2010" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 29 December 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 10.12.2011" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 29.12.2011" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 05.03.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- Nossiter, Adam. "Congo President Kabila Denies Reports of Election Fraud". New York Times. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Cardinal Monsengwo to Lead Annual Spiritual Exercises in the Vatican". Congo Planet. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 03.03.2012" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "The pope is 82. Who's next in line?". National Catholic Reporter. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Congolese cardinal denounces violent crackdown on protesters". Catholic News Agency. 24 January 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 01.11.2018" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 1 November 2018.
- Pullella, Philip (12 December 2018). "Pope removes two cardinals hit by sex scandals from group of close advisers". Reuters. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- Rocca, Francis X. (12 December 2018). "Pope Cuts Three Cardinals—Two Tainted by Scandal—From Council". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Assignon, Carole (11 July 2021). "Le cardinal Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya est mort ce dimanche" [Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya died this Sunday]. Deutsche Welle (in French).
- Le Normand, Xavier (11 July 2021). "Grande figure de l'Église congolaise, le cardinal Monsengwo est mort" [Great figure of the Congolese Church, Cardinal Monsengwo is dead]. La Croix (in French).