Lauri Love

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Lauri Love
Lauri Love byline.JPG
Lauri Love in 2017
Born (1984-12-14) 14 December 1984 (age 33)
United Kingdom
Residence Stradishall, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom
Nationality United Kingdom, Finland[1]
Alma mater Nottingham University (did not graduate)
University of Glasgow (did not graduate)
Occupation Advisor on computer security systems, Hacker House (as of September 2016)[2]
Student studying electrical engineering at University Campus Suffolk (as of September 2016)[2]

Lauri Love (/ˈlri lʌv/; born 14 December 1984, United Kingdom)[2] is a British activist charged with stealing data from United States Government computers including the US Army, Missile Defense Agency, and NASA via computer intrusion.[3][4][5][6]

Early life and education[edit]

Love is from Stradishall, Suffolk.[7] His parents, Alexander Love, a prison chaplain at HM Prison Highpoint North,[8] and Sirkka-Liisa Love, who also works at the prison, live in Stradishall.[9]

After dropping out of sixth form college and working in a turkey plant,[2] Love applied for a Finnish passport (his mother is Finnish), and then served in the Finnish army for six months, became a conscientious objector and finished another six months of his obligation in alternative service.[2] He has dual citizenship of the United Kingdom and Finland.[1]

After that, he applied at Nottingham University in England and dropped out in his second term after a physical and mental collapse, then at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, but dropped out in his second year, again for health reasons.[10][11] He was part of the 2011 Hetherington House Occupation, a student protest at Glasgow University.[12]

Cases[edit]

United States[edit]

Love is under indictment in the United States (2013 in District of New Jersey, 2014 in Southern District of New York and Eastern District of Virginia) for allegedly "breaching thousands of computer systems in the United States and elsewhere – including the computer networks of federal agencies – to steal massive quantities of confidential data".[13][14][15] The United States attempted to extradite him to face charges there.[16][17]

Love's American attorney is Tor Ekeland.[18][19]

Extradition hearing[edit]

During Love's two-day extradition hearing on 28 and 29 June 2016 at the Westminster Magistrates' Court in London, his father, Reverend Alexander Love, testified that Lauri Love has Asperger's syndrome and so should not be extradited.[8] Also at the hearing, Simon Baron-Cohen, a psychologist, testified that Love should not be extradited because of his diagnosed disorders, which also include eczema, psychosis, and depression.[20]

Love lives at home with his parents.[20][21][22] Baron-Cohen stated that Love told him that he would commit suicide if extradited.[22] Love's father testified that his son was not diagnosed with autism until he was an adult serving in the Finnish army.[22] Baron-Cohen diagnosed Love with Asperger syndrome in 2012 when Love was in his late 20s.[23]

Love himself testified at his extradition hearing on 29 June 2016.[24] It was suggested in court that Love and his family had "crafted a media strategy" to garner public support against extradition.[25] Love is supported by the Courage Foundation.[19][26] Love's barrister for this extradition hearing is Ben Cooper of Doughty Street Chambers.[27][28] The case was adjourned.[29]

On 16 September 2016, at Westminster Magistrates' Court a judge ruled that Love could be extradited to the United States.[30][31] Love's solicitor Karen Todner said that they would appeal,[32] and on 5 February 2018, Lord Chief Justice Lord Burnett and Mr Justice Ouseley, at the High Court, upheld his appeal against extradition, while ruling that it would "not be oppressive [to] prosecute Mr Love in England for the offences".[33]

National Crime Agency[edit]

The National Crime Agency (NCA) arrested Love in 2013.[3] In February 2015, the BBC revealed that Love was taking legal action for the return of computers seized by the NCA when he was arrested.[34]

In May 2016, Judge Nina Tempia of the Westminster Magistrates' Court ruled that Love did not have to tell the NCA what his passwords, or encryption keys, are.[35]

See also[edit]

  • Gary McKinnon, also accused of hacking American military computers and also has Asperger’s syndrome, extradition blocked in 2012 by then Home Secretary Theresa May on human rights grounds

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Cleirigh, Fiona; Goodwin, Bill (29 June 2016). "Lauri Love may be faking mental illness claims lawyer for US". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Government of the United States of America Requesting Judicial Authority v Lauri Love Requested Person" (PDF). 16 September 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Halliday, Josh (29 October 2013). "Briton Lauri Love faces hacking charges in US". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Briton Lauri Love faces new US hacking charges". BBC News. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hacker Charged with Breaching Multiple Government Computers and Stealing Thousands of Employee and Financial Records", 24 July 2014, FBI.gov
  6. ^ "Lauri Love: Hacker claims extradition would 'result in a tragedy' – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "Vicar's son arrested over US hacking". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Lauri Love case: Vicar father fears son 'could kill himself' – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "Neighbours' shock at hacking charge". Daily Express. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Dutta, Kunal (28 October 2013). "British activist Lauri Love charged with hacking US army database". The Independent. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Former Glasgow University student could face decades in US prison after hacking accusations". Glasgow Live. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Lauri Love – the making of a hacker". The Scotsman. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Alleged Hacker Indicted In New Jersey For Data Breach Conspiracy Targeting Government Agency Networks – USAO-NJ – Department of Justice". justice.gov. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Hacker Charged with Breaching Multiple Government Computers and Stealing Thousands of Employee and Financial Records". fbi.gov. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "U.K. Computer Hacker Charged In Manhattan Federal Court With Hacking Into Federal Reserve Computer System – USAO-SDNY – Department of Justice". justice.gov. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  16. ^ "NCA's bid to get Lauri Love US hack case passwords thrown out – BBC News". bbc.com. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  17. ^ McGoogan, Cara (27 June 2016). "A hacker's fight against extradition". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  18. ^ Porup, J.M. (31 March 2016). "UK cops tell suspect to hand over crypto keys in US hacking case". Ars Technica. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  19. ^ a b Bowcott, Owen; Taylor, Diane (28 June 2016). "Hacking suspect could kill himself if extradited to US, court told". Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "Autistic man accused of computer hacking could kill himself if extradited, court is warned". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  21. ^ Bowcott, Owen; Taylor, Diane (28 June 2016). "Hacking suspect could kill himself if extradited to US, court told". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c "Alleged hacker 'will kill himself' if he is extradited to the US, court told". Bury Free Press. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  23. ^ "Lauri Love may be faking mental illness claims lawyer for US". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  24. ^ Bowcott, Owen (29 June 2016). "Alleged hacker Lauri Love says he will kill himself if sent to US jail". theguardian.com. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  25. ^ "Autistic computer hacker facing extradition to US warns 'I will take my life'". bt.com. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  26. ^ Tom Cheshire (29 June 2016). "Alleged Hacker Lauri Love's Suicide Fears". news.sky.com. Sky News. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  27. ^ "Lauri Love: un caso chiave per la segretezza delle nostre informazioni" (in Italian). L'espresso. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  28. ^ Bowcott, Owen (29 June 2016). "Alleged hacker Lauri Love says he will kill himself if sent to US jail". theguardian.com. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  29. ^ Baker, Jennifer (30 June 2016). "Lauri Love still doesn't know if he'll be extradited to the US for alleged hacking". arstechnica.co.uk. Ars Technica UK. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  30. ^ Bowcott, Owen (16 September 2016). "Computer activist Lauri Love loses appeal against US extradition". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "Alleged hacker Lauri Love to be extradited to US". BBC News. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  32. ^ McGoogan, Cara (16 September 2016). "British hacker Lauri Love to be extradited to the US for 'accessing government computers'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  33. ^ "Hacking suspect wins extradition appeal". BBC News. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  34. ^ Rigby, Nic. "US hacking case: NCA refuses to return Lauri Love's computer". BBC News. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  35. ^ Thomas, Daniel; Correspondent, Telecoms (31 May 2016). "Reform cyber laws, says UK hacker Lauri Love". Financial Times. Retrieved 18 June 2016.