|Comune di Lauria|
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
|Province / Metropolitan city||Potenza (PZ)|
|• Mayor||Angelo Lamboglia|
|• Total||175 km2 (68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||430 m (1,410 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2015)|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Bl. Domenico Lentini|
|Saint day||25 February|
Lauria is an Italian town and comune of the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, situated near the borders of Calabria. It is a walled town on the steep side of a hill with another portion in the plain below. As of 2015 it had a population of 12,919.
The original nucleus of the city appeared probably in the 10th century, near the place where later the Sanctuary of Madonna dell'Armo was edificated. However it seems that monastic activity pre-existed in the area, as Lauria just means the "lavra city". The Castle of Lauria, later attributed to Roger of Lauria, was built by Saracens. In the 12th century Lauria was the seat of a Norman fief, which was held by Gibel and then by his son Richard of Lauria, who died in the battle of Benevento on 1266.
His son Roger of Lauria was a famous admiral of the 13th century.
Located in southern Basilicata and included in the Appennino Lucano - Val d'Agri - Lagonegrese National Park, Lauria is a hill town divided into a pair of wards: the upper one named Castello and the lower one named Borgo. The municipality borders with Castelluccio Superiore, Castelsaraceno, Lagonegro, Laino Borgo (CS), Latronico, Moliterno, Nemoli, Tortora (CS) and Trecchina.
Lauria counts the following hamlets (frazioni) and localities: Acqua delle Donne, Alte Coste, Borgo Seluci, Bivio Seluci, Canicella, Cavallo, Cerase, Cesinelle, Cogliandrino, Gremile, Galdo, Fabbricato, Iacoia, Iacoia di Sotto, Madonna del Carmine, Malfitano, Mazzarella, Melara-Ovo della Vacca, Montegaldo, Pecorone, Piano Cataldo, Piano della Menta, Piano Focara, Pietraferrata, Piscitella, Prestieri, Rosa, Rosa di Sotto, Rosa Molino, Santa Barbara, Santa Filomena, San Giuseppe, Santa Lucia, Seluci, Serino, Seta, Taverna del Postiere, Timparossa, and Timpone di Seluci.
- The remains of the Castle (13th century)
- The Sanctuary of the Assunta
- The Mother Church of St. Nicholas
- The church of St. James (15th century)
- The Convent of Immacolata (16th century), with a noteworthy cloister
- Leonarda Cianciulli – serial killer
- Roger of Lauria – admiral
- Domenico Lentini – priest
- Rocco Papaleo – actor, film director and singer
- Giovanni Pittella – politician
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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