|Comune di Lauria|
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
|• Mayor||Angelo Lamboglia|
|• Total||176.63 km2 (68.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||430 m (1,410 ft)|
(31 March 2018)
|• Density||72/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Bl. Domenico Lentini|
|Saint day||25 February|
Lauria is a town and comune of the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, southern Italy, situated near the borders of Calabria. It is a walled, medieval town on the steep side of a hill, with another portion of municipal territory in the plain below.
It is historically the largest city in the southwestern Lucania region.
The original nucleus of the city appeared probably in the 10th century, near the place where later the Sanctuary of Madonna dell'Armo was edificated. However it seems that monastic activity pre-existed in the area, as Lauria just means the "lavra city". The Castle of Lauria, later attributed to Roger of Lauria, was built by Saracens. In the 12th century Lauria was the seat of a Norman fief, which was held by Gibel and then by his son Richard of Lauria, who died in the battle of Benevento on 1266.
His son Roger of Lauria was a famous admiral of the 13th century.
Located in southern Basilicata and included in the Appennino Lucano - Val d'Agri - Lagonegrese National Park, Lauria is a hill town divided into a pair of districts (in italian, "rioni"): the upper one named "rione superiore" (in ancient times, "Castello", because the presence of its castle) and the lower one named "rione inferiore" (formerly "Borgo"). The municipality borders with Castelluccio Superiore, Castelsaraceno, Lagonegro, Laino Borgo, Latronico, Moliterno, Nemoli, Tortora and Trecchina.
- The remains of the Castle (13th century)
- The Sanctuary of the Assunta
- The Mother Church of St. Nicholas
- The church of St. James (15th century)
- The Convent of Immacolata (16th century), with a noteworthy cloister
- Roger of Lauria – admiral
- Francesco Lorenzo Brancati di Lauria
- Domenico Lentini – priest
- Rocco Papaleo – actor, film director and singer
- Giovanni Pittella – politician
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Population data from Istat
- (in Italian) History of Lauria
- 40203 Lauria on OpenStreetMap
- (in Italian) Geography of Lauria
- (in Italian) List of FCL railway lines
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lauria". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 286.
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