Lauria

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Lauria
Comune di Lauria
Lauria-2.jpg
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
Location of Lauria
Lauria is located in Italy
Lauria
Lauria
Location of Lauria in Italy
Lauria is located in Basilicata
Lauria
Lauria
Lauria (Basilicata)
Coordinates: 40°03′N 15°50′E / 40.050°N 15.833°E / 40.050; 15.833Coordinates: 40°03′N 15°50′E / 40.050°N 15.833°E / 40.050; 15.833
CountryItaly
RegionBasilicata
ProvincePotenza (PZ)
Frazionisee list
Government
 • MayorAngelo Lamboglia
Area
 • Total176.63 km2 (68.20 sq mi)
Elevation
430 m (1,410 ft)
Population
 (31 March 2018)[3]
 • Total12,669
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Laurioti
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
85044
Dialing code0973
Patron saintBl. Domenico Lentini
Saint day25 February
WebsiteOfficial website
Saint James church.
Monument to Roger of Lauria.

Lauria is a town and comune of the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, southern Italy, situated near the borders of Calabria. It is a walled, medieval town on the steep side of a hill, with another portion of municipal territory in the plain below.

It is historically the largest city in the southwestern Lucania region.

History[edit]

The original nucleus of the city appeared probably in the 10th century, near the place where later the Sanctuary of Madonna dell'Armo was edificated. However it seems that monastic activity pre-existed in the area, as Lauria just means the "lavra city". The Castle of Lauria, later attributed to Roger of Lauria, was built by Saracens. In the 12th century Lauria was the seat of a Norman fief, which was held by Gibel and then by his son Richard of Lauria, who died in the battle of Benevento on 1266.[4]

His son Roger of Lauria was a famous admiral of the 13th century.

In 1806 the city was destroyed and the population slaughtered by the French soldiers under general André Masséna, as punishment for having supported the Bourbon kings.

Geography[edit]

Located in southern Basilicata and included in the Appennino Lucano - Val d'Agri - Lagonegrese National Park, Lauria is a hill town divided into a pair of districts (in italian, "rioni"): the upper one named "rione superiore" (in ancient times, "Castello", because the presence of its castle) and the lower one named "rione inferiore" (formerly "Borgo"). The municipality borders with Castelluccio Superiore, Castelsaraceno, Lagonegro, Laino Borgo, Latronico, Moliterno, Nemoli, Tortora and Trecchina.[5][6]

Main sights[edit]

  • The remains of the Castle (13th century)
  • The Sanctuary of the Assunta
  • The Mother Church of St. Nicholas
  • The church of St. James (15th century)
  • The Convent of Immacolata (16th century), with a noteworthy cloister

Transport[edit]

Lauria is not served by a near airport, anyway the nearest airport is Salerno-Pontecagnano 129 kilometres (80 mi) from Lauria. Other airports are Lamezia Terme and Napoli-Capodichino.

The town is served by the A2 motorway Salerno-Reggio Calabria, at the exits "Lauria Nord" and "Lauria Sud" and, until the closure in 1979, by the Lagonegro–Castrovillari-Spezzano Albanese railway.[7]

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Population data from Istat
  4. ^ (in Italian) History of Lauria
  5. ^ 40203 (x a j h) Lauria on OpenStreetMap
  6. ^ (in Italian) Geography of Lauria
  7. ^ (in Italian) List of FCL railway lines

External links[edit]