Lauria

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For the gastropod of Pupillidae family, see Lauria (gastropod). For the fictional character, see Victoria Lauría.
Lauria
Comune
Comune di Lauria
Lauria-2.jpg
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
Lauria within the Province of Potenza
Lauria is located in Italy
Lauria
Lauria
Location of Lauria in Italy
Coordinates: 40°03′N 15°50′E / 40.050°N 15.833°E / 40.050; 15.833Coordinates: 40°03′N 15°50′E / 40.050°N 15.833°E / 40.050; 15.833
Country Italy
Region Basilicata
Province Potenza (PZ)
Frazioni see list
Area
 • Total 175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation 430 m (1,410 ft)
Population (December 31, 2011)[1]
 • Total 13,262
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Laurioti
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85044
Dialing code 0973
Patron saint Bl. Domenico Lentini
Saint day 25 February
Website Official website

Lauria is an Italian town and comune of the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, situated near the borders of Calabria. It is a walled town on the steep side of a hill with another portion in the plain below. As of 2011 its population was of 13,262.[1]

History[edit]

The original nucleus of the city appeared probably in the 10th century, near the place where later the Sanctuary of Madonna dell'Armo was edificated. The Castle, later attributed to Roger of Lauria, was built by Saracens. In the 12th century Lauria was the seat of a Norman fief, which was held by Gibel and then by his son Richard of Lauria, who died in the battle of Benevento on 1266.[2]

His son Roger of Lauria was a famous admiral of the 13th century.

In 1806 the city was destroyed and the population slaughtered by the French soldiers under general André Masséna, as punishment for having supported the Bourbon kings.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Located in southern Basilicata and included in the Appennino Lucano - Val d'Agri - Lagonegrese National Park, Lauria is a hill town divided into a pair of wards: the upper one named Castello and the lower one named Borgo. The municipality borders with Castelluccio Superiore, Castelsaraceno, Lagonegro, Laino Borgo (CS), Latronico, Moliterno, Nemoli, Tortora (CS) and Trecchina.[3][4]

Frazioni[edit]

Lauria counts the following hamlets (frazioni) and localities: Acqua delle Donne, Alte Coste, Borgo Seluci, Bivio Seluci, Canicella, Cavallo, Cerase, Cesinelle, Cogliandrino, Gremile, Galdo, Fabbricato, Iacoia, Iacoia di Sotto, Madonna del Carmine, Malfitano, Mazzarella, Melara-Ovo della Vacca, Montegaldo, Pecorone, Piano Cataldo, Piano della Menta, Piano Focara, Pietraferrata, Piscitella, Prestieri, Rosa, Rosa di Sotto, Rosa Molino, Santa Barbara, Santa Filomena, San Giuseppe, Santa Lucia, Seluci, Serino, Seta, Taverna del Postiere, Timparossa, and Timpone di Seluci.

Demographics[edit]

Main sights[edit]

  • The remains of the Castle (13th century)
  • The Sanctuary of the Assunta
  • The Mother Church of St. Nicholas
  • The church of St. James (15th century)
  • The Convent of Immacolata (16th century), with a noteworthy cloister

Transport[edit]

Lauria is not served by a near airport, anyway the nearest airport is Salerno-Pontecagnano 129 kilometres (80 mi) from Lauria. Other airports are Lamezia Terme and Napoli-Capodichino.

The town is served by the A3 motorway Naples-Reggio Calabria, at the exits "Lauria Nord" and "Lauria Sud" and, until the closure in 1979, by the Lagonegro–Castrovillari-Spezzano Albanese railway.[5]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

San Giacomo church 
Monument to Roger of Lauria 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Italian) Source: Istat 2011
  2. ^ (Italian) History of Lauria
  3. ^ 40203 (x a j h) Lauria on OpenStreetMap
  4. ^ (Italian) Geography of Lauria
  5. ^ (Italian) List of FCL railway lines

External links[edit]