Laurus azorica

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Laurus azorica
Laurus azorica (Flowers).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Laurus
Species: L. azorica
Binomial name
Laurus azorica
(Seub.) Franco
Synonyms[2]
  • Persea azorica Seub.

Laurus azorica (also called Azores laurel or Macaronesian laurel) is a species of plant in the Lauraceae family, related to Laurus nobilis. It is a small aromatic tree. A recent study found considerable genetic diversity within L. nobilis, and that L. azorica is not genetically or morphologically distinct.[3]

The azores laurel is a vigorous, conical tree that can vary greatly in size and height, sometimes reaching 10–18 metres (33–59 ft) tall. This species is very similar to Laurus novocanariensis. As the result of a recent taxonomic change, Laurus azorica is now restricted to the archipelago of the Azores, whereas former populations of this species from the western Canary islands including Gran Canaria and from the Madeira archipelago have been described as a new species, namely Laurus novocanariensis.

The Azores laurel is dioecious (unisexual), with male and female flowers on separate plants. Each flower is fragrant, creamy white, about 1 cm diameter, and they are borne in pairs beside a leaf.

The leaves are large, shiny dark green, broadly ovoid, 7–14 cm long and 4–8 cm broad, with an entire margin. The fruit is a black drupe about 1–2  cm long.

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Laurus azorica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 2014-06-27 at the Wayback Machine. Downloaded on 22 August 2007.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species". 
  3. ^ Arroyo–García, R.; Martínez–Zapater, J. M..; Fernández Prieto, J. A. & Álvarez–Arbesú, R. (2001). "AFLP evaluation of genetic similarity among laurel populations (Laurus L.)". Euphytica. 122: 155–164. doi:10.1023/A:1012654514381.