Laurus azorica

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Laurus azorica
Laurus azorica in Hackfalls Arboretum (2).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Laurus
Species:
L. azorica
Binomial name
Laurus azorica
(Seub.) Franco
Synonyms[2]
  • Persea azorica Seub.

Laurus azorica, the Azores laurel or Macaronesian laurel is a species of plant in the laurel family (Lauraceae). It is endemic to the Azores.

Description[edit]

The Azores laurel is a small dioecious tree, growing up to 15 m (49 ft) in height.[1] Each flower is fragrant, creamy white, about 1 cm diameter, and they are borne in pairs beside a leaf. The leaves are large, shiny dark green, broadly ovoid, 7–14 cm long and 4–8 cm broad, with an entire margin. The fruit is a black drupe about 1–2  cm long.[citation needed]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Laurus azorica is native to the Azores, where it is found in all of the islands. It is a major component of the laurisilva and high altitude juniper forests, occasionally with Myrica faya and Picconia azorica populations in mid-altitude. It is also found in lava flows, margins of cultivated land, coastal scrubland, mountain scrubland and forested peat bogs.[1][3]

Taxonomy[edit]

As the result of a recent taxonomic change, Laurus azorica is now restricted to the archipelago of the Azores, whereas former populations of this species from the western Canary islands including Gran Canaria and from the Madeira archipelago have been described as a new species, Laurus novocanariensis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Silva, L.; Beech, E. (2017). "Laurus azorica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species".
  3. ^ "Laurus azorica (Seub.) Franco". Flora-on. Retrieved 11 December 2020.