Lauwersmeer National Park

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Lauwersmeer National Park
Nationaal Park Lauwersmeer
IUCN category II (national park)
Kollumerwaard
De Baak lookout in April 2008
Map of the National Park
Map of the National Park
Location Friesland/Groningen, Netherlands
Coordinates 53°21′50″N 6°12′00″E / 53.364°N 6.200°E / 53.364; 6.200Coordinates: 53°21′50″N 6°12′00″E / 53.364°N 6.200°E / 53.364; 6.200
Area 60 km2 (23 sq mi)
Established 2003
Governing body Staatsbosbeheer
www.np-lauwersmeer.nl

Lauwersmeer National Park (Dutch: Nationaal Park Lauwersmeer) is a national park in the provinces of Friesland and Groningen in the Netherlands. It consists of the southern and eastern parts of the Lauwersmeer (previously Lauwerszee).

Geography[edit]

In the north of the Netherlands, the Lauwers river forms part of the east-west border between the provinces of Friesland and Groningen. The Lauwers flows from south to north into the Wadden Sea. The Lauwersmeer is its estuary, which is connected to the sea via a sluice at Lauwersoog. The national park consists of most of the Lauwersmeer and is situated in the Frisian municipalities of Dongeradeel and Kollumerland c.a. in Friesland and the Groningen municipality of De Marne.[1]

History[edit]

On 25 May 1969, the Lauwers Sea was enclosed and separated from the Wadden Sea,[2][3] since then it has been called Lauwersmeer.

The Lauwersmeer gradually became a freshwater lake and new flora and fauna appeared. To protect this new and young nature area, the Lauwersmeer became a national park on 12 November 2003.[4]

Fauna and flora[edit]

Among the flora are the purple Dactylorhiza maculata and the witte Parnassia.

Among the birds living in the area are the Eurasian Spoonbill, the Montagu's Harrier, the Bearded Reedling, and the Bluethroat. For the winter, hundred thousands of birds migrate to the area, like the Eurasian Wigeon, the Tundra Swan, and the Barnacle Goose.

To keep the landscape open, big grazers are used like the Konik horses and Highland cattle, besides normal horses and cows.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) Lauwersmeer op koers!, Province of Groningen, 2014. Retrieved on 6 February 2015.
  2. ^ "De kleppen zijn dicht, de Lauwerszee is gesloten". Leeuwarder Courant. 27 May 1969. Retrieved 28 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Lauwerszee R.I.P.". Leeuwarder Courant. 27 May 1969. Retrieved 28 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "Valk Helpt Minister Veerman in Lauwersmeer". Leeuwarder Courant. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 28 September 2009. 

External links[edit]