Laval University

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Laval University
Université Laval
Ulaval Shield.svg
Motto Deo favente haud pluribus impar
Motto in English
By the grace of God, to no one equal
Type Public
Established 1663 (Séminaire de Québec)
December 8, 1852 (Royal Charter)
Endowment $120.5 million
Rector Denis Brière
Undergraduates 28,902
Postgraduates 8,689
Location Québec City, QC, Canada
Campus Urban/Suburban
Colours Red and Gold          
Athletics CISRSEQ
Nickname Rouge-et-Or
Affiliations AUCC, CARL, IAU, AUFC, UArctic, ACU, CIS, QSSF, CBIE, U15
Website www.ulaval.ca
Ulaval Logo.svg

Laval University (French: Université Laval) is a French-language, public research university in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. The University was founded by royal charter issued by Queen Victoria in 1852, with roots in the founding of the Séminaire de Québec in 1663 by François de Montmorency-Laval, making it the oldest centre of higher education in Canada and the first North American institution to offer higher education in French. The university is ranked among the top ten Canadian universities in terms of research funding.[1]

History[edit]

François de Laval
The Old Séminaire de Québec today
Université Laval School of Architecture
Pavillon Charles-De Koninck

The university began as the Séminaire de Québec, which was founded in 1663 by François de Montmorency-Laval, a member of the House of Laval and the first Bishop of New France.[2]

During the French regime, the institution's role was to train priests for the towns of New France. After the Conquest of 1760, the British decided to expand education in Canada to include the liberal arts. At a time when French Canadians did not have access to higher education, Bishop Bourget of Montreal suggested expanding the Séminaire de Québec into the Université Laval. Louis Casault, a priest who taught physics at the Séminaire de Québec, visited Europe to obtain a Royal charter and to study the best university systems.

The Séminaire de Québec was granted a Royal Charter on December 8, 1852, by Queen Victoria, at the insistence of Lord Elgin (Governor-General of the Province of Canada), creating Université Laval with "the rights and privileges of a university".[3] The charter was signed in 1852. Pope Benedict XV approved the scheme, and authorized the formation of chairs of theology and the conferring of degrees.[4]

In 1878, the university opened a second campus in Montreal, which became the Université de Montréal on May 8, 1919, by a writ of Pope Benedict XV. In 1971, a second charter was proclaimed which vested supreme authority in the Université Laval council.[3]

By 1925, the university had outgrown its location; Old Quebec was very crowded, making it difficult to add new buildings to the campus. The university moved to Sainte-Foy which, at the time, was a rural city west of the Quebec city center. The School of Architecture returned to the old building (now affectionately referred to as Le Vieux Séminaire) in 1989.

Université Laval is governed by a board of governors and a faculty senate. This structure was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership.[5]:306

In the early part of the 20th century, the need for higher education expanded beyond the classical fields of theology, law and medicine, and the university began to introduce departments in the sciences and social sciences such as forestry and household science.[5]:1904 In addition, graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.[3]

The university introduced a Department of Social, Political, and Economic Sciences in 1938. This department represented a change in philosophy that continued into the 1960s, and centered on the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society.[6]

The establishment of Laval University by Royal Charter in 1852 was designated a National Historic Event in 1972, and commemorated with a plaque in 1975.[7]

"Laval", a waltz by French-Canadian ragtime composer, Wilfrid Beaudry, was dedicated to the students at Laval University and the University of Montreal. The music for piano was published in Québec by J. Beaudry, circa 1906.[8]

Buildings and features[edit]

The Laval University building on St. Denis Street was designed by Maurice Perrault in 1893–94.[9] Joseph Simeon Bergeron (architect) designed several buildings at Laval University including the School of Chemistry (1923), the addition on Ste. Famille Street (1931), the Mining School (1938), and the cafeteria building (1945).[10]

Université Laval's main campus covers 1.2 km2 (0.46 sq mi) and has over 30 buildings, all linked by 10 km (6.2 mi) of underground walkways, which are particularly useful in the winter. Of the campus lands, 56 percent are wooded areas, grasslands, and sports fields. The campus is home to the Roger-Van den Hende botanical garden which contains some 67 species of deciduous and coniferous trees and 60 different species of birds.

Laval University also hosts the "Archives Gouvernementales du Québec".

Programs[edit]

As of 2002, Université Laval offered over 350 programmes to more than 38,000 students. The university also attracts more than 2,500 foreign students annually, and has almost 1,000 students drawn from Canadian provinces outside of Quebec. Many students come to the university for the Français pour non-francophones programme that offers instruction in French as a second language to students from Canada and around the world. It is also the only university in Quebec which trains forestry engineers.[citation needed] Since the mid-1980s, Université Laval has offered distance learning; over 30 programmes and 400 courses are offered by distance learning, of which 80% are accessible from the internet.

Faculties and schools[edit]

Pavillon Louis-Jacques-Casault

* The Département des Sciences des Aliments et de Nutrition has an accredited dietetic program. The university is accredited by a professional organization such as the Dietitians of Canada and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians.

** The Faculty is part of the AUFSC and has accredited baccalaureate of science programs with specializations in forestry & environmental management; forestry operations (co-op) and forestry engineering.

University rankings
Global rankings
ARWU World[12] 201–300
ARWU Life Sciences[13] 101-150
ARWU Clinical Medicine[14] 151–200
QS World[15] 324
Times World[16] 201-250
Canadian rankings
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[17] 13
QS National[18] 15
Times National[16] 8-13


University press[edit]

Les Presses de l'Université Laval, which was founded in 1950, deals with Canadian civilization, literature, medieval studies, law, social sciences, physical sciences and engineering.[19]

University cooperative[edit]

The Coopérative de l'Université Laval is engaged in the sale of products to customers throughout the university, such as books, lecture notes and computers.

Athletics and sports teams[edit]

Main article: Laval Rouge et Or
Université Laval Rouge et Or Logo

Athletics take place at the PEPS complex. Laval's varsity sports teams are named the Rouge-et-Or (Red & Gold). The men's football team was the 2013 Canadian champion and won seven Vanier Cups in ten years from 2003 to 2013.[citation needed]

Notable alumni[edit]

Numerous public figures, including Prime Ministers of Canada, Premiers of Quebec, Supreme Court Justices, federal Cabinet Ministers, Senators, and Lieutenant-Governors as well as national and international athletes have graduated from l'Université Laval. Some of the more prominent today are:

Rhodes Scholars[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Université Laval. "Université Laval at a Glance". (accessed 17 April 2007)
  2. ^ "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History, Edited by Lawrence Johnstone Burpee and Arthur G. Doughty.". Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Laval University/Université Laval
  4. ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook #6466 of 'The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People, A historical review' by John George Bourinot, House of Commons, Ottawa, February 17th, 1881
  5. ^ a b Langton, Hugh Hornby; Macallum, Archibald Byron (1906). The University of Toronto and its colleges, 1827-1906. The University Library, pub. by the librarian. 
  6. ^ Behiels, Michael, "Le père Georges-Henri Lévesque et l'établissement des sciences sociales à Laval: 1938–1955", Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa 52, no. 3 (juil.-sept. 1982). Appears in English translation in "Youth, University, and Canadian Society", edited by Paul Axelrod and John G. Reid. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University of Press, 1989.
  7. ^ National Historic Event[dead link]
  8. ^ Wilfrid Beaudry (1906). "Laval". Amicus.collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved July 1, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Perrault, Maurice". Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Bergeron, Joseph Simeon". Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Canadian Engineering Memorial Foundation – University List
  12. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2015". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences - 2015". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy - 2015". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2015". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  17. ^ "2013 Medical Doctoral University Ranking". Maclean's. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2015". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  19. ^ University Presses

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°46′48″N 71°16′29″W / 46.78000°N 71.27472°W / 46.78000; -71.27472