Lavant, West Sussex

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Lavant
St Nicholas' Church, Mid Lavant (NHLE Code 1232537).JPG
Church of St Nicholas, Mid Lavant
Lavant is located in West Sussex
Lavant
Lavant
Location within West Sussex
Area16.53 km2 (6.38 sq mi) [1]
Population1,656. 2011 Census[2]
• Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU857087
• London52 miles (84 km) NNE
Civil parish
  • Lavant
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHICHESTER
Postcode districtPO18
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
Website[1]
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°52′18″N 0°46′56″W / 50.87162°N 0.78236°W / 50.87162; -0.78236Coordinates: 50°52′18″N 0°46′56″W / 50.87162°N 0.78236°W / 50.87162; -0.78236

Lavant is a civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England, 2.2 miles (3.5 km) north of Chichester. It includes three villages: Mid Lavant[3] and East Lavant,[4] which are separate Anglican parishes, and the much smaller West Lavant. It takes its name from the River Lavant which flows from East Dean to Chichester.

The A286 road between Chichester and Midhurst runs through the parish.

The villages were served by a station in Mid Lavant, on the railway line that ran between Chichester and Midhurst, but this closed in stages between 1931 and 1991.

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

In 1993, the Lavant drum, a small Neolithic cylinder, was discovered during excavations at Chalk Pit Lane. It is one of only four objects of its type. The other three, the Folkton drums, were discovered in 1889 in North Yorkshire.[5] It has been suggested that these objects were tools used to measure cord to standard lengths which were used in the construction of monuments such as Stonehenge and the timber circle at Durrington Walls.[6]

East Lavant[edit]

East Lavant was listed in the Domesday Book.[7]

In 1861, the population of the parish (with West Lavant) was 421, and the area was 2,884 acres (1,167 ha).[4]

Mid Lavant[edit]

Mid Lavant (Loventone) was listed in the Domesday Book (1086) in the ancient hundred of Singleton as having 20 households: 10 villagers and 10 smallholders; with ploughing land and a mill, it had a value to the lords of the manor, Guy of Lavant and Ivo of Grandmesnil, of £9.[8]

In 1861, the area of the small parish was 350 acres (140 ha), and described in Kelly's Directory of 1867 as "principally arable". The population in 1861 was 257, and The Duke of Richmond was the sole landowner. The parish church is dedicated to St Nicholas.[3]

Landmarks[edit]

Kingley Vale lies on the border of the parish; it is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, a national nature reserve and is noted for its yew woodlands.[9] Archaeological remains from the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman times have been identified.[10][11]

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward includes Westhampnett with a total ward population taken at the 2011 census of 2,365.[12]

Sport[edit]

Lavant is home to two sporting clubs, Lavant Football Club[13] and Lavant Cricket Club.[14]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b "GENUKI: Mid Lavant". Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b "GENUKI: East Lavant". Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  5. ^ Kenny, James; Teather, Anne M. (2016). "New insights into the Neolithic chalk drums from Folkton (North Yorkshire) and Lavant (West Sussex)". PAST: The Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society. 83: 5–6.
  6. ^ Teather, Anne; Chamberlain, Andrew; Parker Pearson, Mike (2 January 2019). "The chalk drums from Folkton and Lavant: Measuring devices from the time of Stonehenge". British Journal for the History of Mathematics. 34 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1080/17498430.2018.1555927. ISSN 2637-5451.
  7. ^ "Open Domesday: East Lavant". Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Open Domesday: Mid Lavant". Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  9. ^ "SSSI Citation — Kingley Vale" (PDF). Natural England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Down, Alec (1979). "Gazeteer of Sites and Finds". Chichester Excavations. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd. 4: 36–7. ISBN 0-85033-344-X.
  11. ^ Boyden, J. R. (1956). "Excavations at Goosehill Camp, 1953-5". Sussex Archaeological Collections. 94: 70–99.
  12. ^ "Ward population 2011". Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Lavant Football Club". Club Website. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Lavant Cricket Club". Archived from the original on 9 June 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Player profile: William Humphry". CricketArchive. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2012.