Lavasan

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Lavasan
لواسان
City
Lavasan view.jpg
Lavasan is located in Iran
Lavasan
Lavasan
Coordinates: 35°49′23″N 51°37′27″E / 35.82306°N 51.62417°E / 35.82306; 51.62417Coordinates: 35°49′23″N 51°37′27″E / 35.82306°N 51.62417°E / 35.82306; 51.62417
Country  Iran
Province Tehran
County Shemiranat
Bakhsh Lavasanat
Population (2016 Census)
 • Total 18,146 [1]
Time zone UTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Lavasan (Persian: لواسان‎, also Romanized as Lavāsān) is an affluent town in Shemiranat County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 28,558, in 7,645 families.[2][3] The Jajrood River flows through Lavasan. Situated 11 kilometers northeast of Tehran, Lavasan is known for its excellent weather and the luxurious mansions. The city is home to many upper-class and wealthy families. Some Iranians call it the Beverly Hills or Switzerland of Tehran.

The city of Lavasan is part of the Lavasanat district. Together with the Rudbar-e Qasran district, it constitutes the subprovince of Shemiran in the Tehran Province.[4]

Lavasan has an area of 70 square kilometres.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name of Lavasan is a Middle Persian (Pahlavi) word which means "The Mount Blade of Sunrise" or "Mountaintop of Sunrise". It refers to Mount Damavand that is located in the middle Alborz Range in the east of Lavasanat District.

History[edit]

In the 19th century, during the Qajar era, Lavasan was reportedly a large village, with some 500 houses and about 200 inhabitants.[4]

Under Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, in the 1960s, a hydroelectric dam was built in the southeast of the village.[4]

People[edit]

The natives of Lavasan are of Caspian origin.[4] The local dialect or "vernacular" spoken by its natives is a mix of Persian and Caspian.[4]

Notable residents[6][edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  3. ^ Lavasan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "217990" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ a b c d e Encyclopaedia Iranica 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.itc.nl/library/papers_2007/msc/gfm/alian.pdf
  6. ^ lavasani genealogical tree presented in Ayatollah Sadeghi in Qum.

Sources[edit]