Lavdrim Muhaxheri

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Lavdrim Muhaxheri
Lavdrim Muhaxheri.jpeg
Image from Interpol wanted profile
Other name(s) Abu Abdullah al Kosova; Abu Abdallah al-Kosovi
Born 1989
Kačanik, Yugoslavia (now Kosovo)
Died June 8th, 2017
Syria
Allegiance NATO (2010–12)
al-Nusra Front (late 2012)
Islamic State (2013–2017)
Unit ethnic Albanian mujahideen
Military conflicts Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War
Relations Islamism in Kosovo

Lavdrim Muhaxheri (/ˌmhəˈdzɛəri/; 1989 or ca. 1987 – June 8, 2017), also known by the nom de guerre Abu Abdullah al Kosova, was a Kosovo Albanian Islamic State (IS) leader and recruiter of ethnic Albanian jihadi foreign fighters fighting in Syria and in Iraq. A former KFOR and NATO employee, he became an extremist and left for Syria in late 2012. He has appeared in several propaganda videos, calling Albanians to join jihad, and has uploaded photographs of himself appearing to decapitate a man, as well as a video where he kills a captive with a rocket. On 24 September 2014, the U.S. Department of State designated Muhaxheri as a global terrorist.

On 8 June 2017, without providing further details, Muhaxheri's death was announced by his family and police in Kosovo. He was allegedly killed in a U.S. airstrike.

Early life[edit]

Lavdrim Muhaxheri, a Kosovo Albanian Muslim, was born on 12 March 1989 (according to Interpol[1]) or 3 December 1989 or ca. 1987 (according to UN[2]) in Kačanik,[3][4] SFR Yugoslavia. Muhaxheri grew up during the Kosovo War (1998–99). He worked at Kosovo Force (KFOR) camp "Camp Bondsteel"[4] in Ferizaj until 2010, when he was promoted to a NATO training camp in Afghanistan.[5]

Muhaxheri served with NATO at a training camp in Afghanistan between 2010 and 2012, then returned to Kosovo. In late 2012, he became associated with extremist Islamist associations, first with a local organization, "Parimi", which then established the Islamic Youth-Kaçanik organization, in which he was appointed emir (military leader).[6] The organization was formed within the Islamic Community of Kosova (ICK).[5] His friends told media that he had not been radical prior to joining the Islamist associations.[5] Muhaxheri claimed in Facebook posts at the time that he controlled the appointment of the imam at the Kaçanik Mosque, the center of a conflict between radicals and traditional locals.[7] He also threatened to kill people who criticized Kosovo Albanians going to Syria to fight.[7]

Militant activity[edit]

External video
Muhaxheri's message from Aazaz, Syria (2013), YouTube video
Muhaxheri's speech, from Clanging of the Swords 4 (2014), YouTube video
Muhaxheri in Gold Dinar ad (2015), YouTube video

Arriving in Syria in late 2012, he joined the Syrian Civil War as a mujahideen and became a leader of a unit of ethnic Albanian mujahideen, connected to the al-Nusra Front.[5] He returned to Kosovo in 2013, and was present at the 2013 Ramadan festival, as part of the Islamic Community of Kosova, in Kačanik, as evidenced by photographs.[6] He then returned to Syria the same year, becoming a mujahideen leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, or IS), directly reporting to IS caliph Abu al-Baghdadi, leading a platoon of ethnic Albanian fighters.[6] Muhaxheri is a link between the IS and ethnic Albanians in Albania, Kosovo, and Macedonia.[8] Some 500 ethnic Albanians from the Western Balkans fight for the IS, out of whom 232 are from Kosovo (May 2015).[8] Muhaxheri has been described as an "intelligent and an experienced military strategist".[8]

In October 2013, Muhaxheri appeared in a video calling Albanians to join their fight.[9] In the IS propaganda film Clanging of the Swords IV, he is seen alongside other Albanians from Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo, brandishing a sword and then destroying their passports.[9][10] The film, posted on 17 May 2014, is an "extremely violent hour-long film", whose "production style is reminiscent of Hollywood blockbusters".[11]

On 29 July 2014,[12] Muhaxheri uploaded photos to a Facebook page where he is seen beheading an unidentified young man in Syria.[4][10] In an interview with the Albanian daily "Dita", posted on 2 August 2014, Muhaxheri said that the man was a 19-year-old spy, and that he had acted according to the Quran. On 15 August 2014, Interpol received an international warrant request from Kosovo authorities.[13]

On 18 August 2014, Iraqi Kurdish media channel KNNC reported that Muhaxheri had been killed and published photos allegedly showing his dead body.[14] Muhaxheri's friend denied the claims of his death,[9] while Muhaxheri's Facebook page was deleted, leading to speculations whether Muhaxheri was alive.[8] In late August, Kosovo authorities arrested forty citizens suspected of engaging in the conflicts in Syria and Iraq, including several imams within the Islamic Community of Kosova, in an effort to suppress radical Islamism and Wahhabism.[15] Muhaxheri's actions prompted a new EULEX law prohibiting the teaching of Wahhabism in Kosovo.[15] On 24 September 2014, the U.S. Department of State designated Muhaxheri a global terrorist.[a]

In another video published by activist group Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently (RSS) on 21 May 2015, Lavdrim Muhaxheri is seen firing a rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) at a captive in Syria.[8] It is unclear if it is a new or old video; a RSS activist believed it to be new, while an Albanian researcher questioned that it was a new video that proved he was still alive, while another analyst said it was at least newer than August 2014.[8] In the video, Muhaxheri interrogates the captive, who says that he had killed two IS fighters with a RPG; Muhaxheri condemns the captive to death by RPG as well.[8] Afterwards, the militants are seen kicking the corpse and celebrating.[16]

Muhaxheri was last reported to be in Syria in 2015.[3][17] On 29 August 2015, an IS propaganda video promoting the new currency was published,[18] in which Muhaxheri is seen handling golden coins (dinars).[19] Several ethnic Albanian jihadists living in Italy, with connections to Muhaxheri, were arrested by Italian police in November 2015.[20] On 29 December 2015 it was reported that he was in Iraq, according to photographs posted on Twitter.[21]

Between 4 and 16 November 2016, eighteen Kosovo Albanians and one Macedonian Albanian were arrested suspected of planning terrorist attacks in Kosovo and Albania. They were coordinated by Muhaxheri and fellow IS fighter Ridvan Haqifi. According to the prosecution, the terrorist group planned attacks on international and state institutions, ultimately with the intent to establish an Islamic state. They planned to attack the Israeli football team during a match in Albania.

Death[edit]

On 8 June 2017, Kosovo police and his family said that Muhaxheri was killed in the Middle East without providing further details.[22] According to local media reports, citing Kosovar Interior Ministry sources, it was indicated that he was killed in a U.S. airstrike.[23]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Quoting the press release: "Lavdrim Muhaxheri is a Kosovar Albanian foreign fighter for ISIL who operates in both Syria and Iraq. Muhaxheri made international headlines in July 2014 after uploading to Facebook graphic photos of himself beheading a young man."[24] The State Department and Treasury Department imposed financial sanctions, freezing assets and blocking financial transactions for "Islamist fighters" including Muhaxheri.[25] On 2 October 2014, a statement on Muhaxheri by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry dated 17 September 2014 was published in the Federal Register wherein Muhaxheri was described as a threat to U.S. national security and, thereby, "blacklisted" from the United States.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Interpol.
  2. ^ "SCA/2/15 (31)" (PDF). United Nations. 29 September 2015: 2.
  3. ^ a b Freeman, Colin (August 23, 2015). "Inside Kacanik, Kosovo's jihadist capital". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "K. Albanian who committed gruesome crimes 'is dead'". B92 (Serbian television station). 19 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "Ekskluzive: Biografia e Lavdrim Muhaxherit" [Exclusive: Biography Lavdrim Muhaxheri]. KosovaPress.com. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2015. (translated into English with Google translate)
  6. ^ a b c Gazeta Express 2014.
  7. ^ a b Schwartz 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Paraszczuk 2015b.
  9. ^ a b c Paraszczuk 2015a.
  10. ^ a b "Balkan fighters abroad: Holy warriors". The Economist. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  11. ^ "ISIS jihadists put out Hollywood-style propaganda film".
  12. ^ "FOTOT TRONDITESE/ Lavdrim Muhaxheri pret koka njerëzish në Siri". Gazeta Tema. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  13. ^ "International arrest warrant for Lavdrim Muhaxheri". Gazeta Express. 15 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Lavdrim Muhaxheri nuk ka vdekur, thotë bashkëluftëtari i tij Fitim Lladrovci". Telegrafi.com. 19 August 2014.
  15. ^ a b Kelmendi, Violeta Hyseni (25 August 2014). "Kosovo mobilizes to fight religious radicalism and terrorism". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  16. ^ Tomlinson, Simon (21 May 2015). "ISIS execute a man with a BAZOOKA in shocking new video: Terror group blast prisoner after tying him to a post". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  17. ^ "Financial Sanctions Notice" (PDF). HM Treasury. October 9, 2015. MUHAXHERI, Lavdrim (Group ID: 13296)
  18. ^ "Why Islamic State's gold coins won't replace the global banking system". The Economist explains. Economist. 3 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Imazhi i ISIS-it, Lavdrim Muhaxheri [video]". Koha. 1 September 2015.
  20. ^ Albertini, Matteo (2015-12-06). "Italy and Kosovo Intensify Actions against another ISIS-linked Group". Balkan Analysis.
  21. ^ "Iraq: New photos of Lavdrim Muhaxheri come into sight". RTK. 29 December 2015.
  22. ^ "Kosovo IS commander killed, police and family say". Euronews. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  23. ^ "WHO IS LAVDRIM MUHAXHERI? ISIS BALKANS COMMANDER, ARCHITECT OF ISRAEL WORLD CUP PLOT, NOW DEAD". Newsweek. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  24. ^ "Designations of Foreign Terrorist Fighters". State.gov. United States Department of State. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015. Lavdrim Muhaxheri is a Kosovar Albanian foreign fighter for ISIL who operates in both Syria and Iraq. Muhaxheri made international headlines in July 2014 after uploading to Facebook graphic photos of himself beheading a young man.
  25. ^ "U.S. imposes financial sanctions on Islamist fighters". News724.com. Reuters. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  26. ^ Kerry, John F. (2 October 2014). "In the Matter of the Designation of Lavdrim Muhaxheri, also known as Ebu Abdullah el Albani, also known as Abu Abdullah al Kosova, also known as Abu Abdallah al-Kosovi, also known as Abu Abdallah al-Kosovo as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist Pursuant to Section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as Amended". FederalRegister.gov. Retrieved 13 September 2015.

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