Lavender's Blue

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Lavender's Blue
English folk song
Diddle, diddle. Or, The kind country lovers (bod23683).png
A 17th-century broadside version of the ballad
CatalogueRoud 3483
GenreNursery rhyme
PublishedEnglish broadside (before 1680)
Commentcollected in the UK & US
Commentcollected in the UK & US

"Lavender's Blue" (sometimes called "Lavender Blue") is an English folk song and nursery rhyme dating to the 17th century. It has a Roud Folk Song Index number of 3483. It has been recorded in various forms since the 20th century and some pop versions have been hits in the US and UK charts.

Lyrics[edit]

There are as many as thirty verses to the song, and many variations of each verse. A typical version, described by James Halliwell in 1849,[1] is:

Lavender's blue, dilly dilly, lavender's green,
When I am king, dilly dilly, you shall be queen:
Who told you so, dilly dilly, who told you so?
'Twas mine own heart, dilly dilly, that told me so.
Call up your men, dilly dilly, set them to work,
Some with a rake, dilly dilly, some with a fork;
Some to make hay, dilly dilly, some to thresh corn,
Whilst you and I, dilly dilly, keep ourselves warm.
If you should die, dilly dilly, as it may hap,
You shall be buried, dilly dilly, under the tap;
Who told you so, dilly dilly, pray tell me why?
That you might drink, dilly dilly, when you are dry.[1]

Origins[edit]

The earliest surviving version of the song is in a broadside printed in England between 1672 and 1679,[2] under the name Diddle Diddle, Or The Kind Country Lovers.[3] The broadside indicates it is to be sung to the tune of "Lavender Green", implying that a tune by that name was already in existence. The lyrics printed in the broadside are fairly bawdy, celebrating sex and drinking.[4]

According to Robert B. Waltz, "The singer tells his lady that she must love him because he loves her. He tells of a vale where young man and maid have lain together, and suggests that they might do the same". Waltz cites Sandra Stahl Dolby as describing this broadside version as being about a girl named Nell keeping the singer's bed warm.[2]

Here is the first of ten verses:

Lavender's green, diddle, diddle,
Lavender's blue
You must love me, diddle, diddle,
cause I love you,
I heard one say, diddle, diddle,
since I came hither,
That you and I, diddle, diddle,
must lie together.[5]

Both Waltz (citing Eloise Hubbard Linscott) and Halliwell have noted the song's association with Twelfth Night and the choosing of the king and queen of the festivities of that holiday.[2][1]

Lyrics and illustration for Lavender's Blue in The Baby's Opera A book of old Rhymes and The Music by the Earliest Masters

"Lavender's Blue" emerged as a children's song in Songs for the Nursery in 1805 in the form:

Lavender blue and Rosemary green,
When I am king you shall be queen;
Call up my maids at four o'clock,
Some to the wheel and some to the rock;
Some to make hay and some to shear corn,
And you and I will keep the bed warm.[5]

Similar versions appeared in collections of rhymes throughout the 19th century.[5]

Revival[edit]

1949[edit]

A version of the song, titled "Lavender Blue", was featured in the 1948[A] Walt Disney film So Dear to My Heart, where it was sung by Burl Ives. This version was nominated for Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1949. This version of the song was credited to Eliot Daniel (music) and Larry Morey (lyrics). "Lavender Blue" was one of 400 nominees for the American Film Institute's "100 Years... 100 Songs" list of the 100 greatest film songs, which was presented on a television program of that name which aired on June 22, 2004, but it didn't make the final list.[6][7] The appearance of "Lavender Blue" in the Disney film sparked a revival of interest in the song.

Ives' version of "Lavender Blue" was recorded in December 1948 and released as a single in January 1949.[8] As was common for pop songs in those days,[9] several other singers released versions at near the same time. Sammy Kaye also released a version in 1949 which charted at #5,[10] as did Dinah Shore (her version went to #1 on the Australian chart[11] and was the title track of her album Lavender Blue).[12] Vera Lynn included "Lavender Blue" on the B side of her single "Again",[13] which reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on January 21, 1949, and lasted 3 weeks on the chart, peaking at #23.[citation needed]

Later 20th century[edit]

A decade later, in 1959, Sammy Turner released a rhythm and blues version produced by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller which reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100.[14][15]

"Lavender's Blue" continued to be recorded by pop artists throughout the rest of the 20th century. Jazz pianist Jack Pleis recorded Lavender's Blue for his 1955 album Music from Disneyland. Tommy Bruce made a single of it in 1963,[16] and The Fleetwoods recorded a version in 1965.[citation needed] In 1975, the song was interpreted by Leon Russell and Mary Russell for their Wedding Album,[citation needed] and the next year the British early music revival group The City Waites recorded the original 17th-century bawdy broadside version of "Lavender's Green, Lavender's Blue" on their album Pills to Purge Melancholy.[17] In 1988, Broadway singer Barbara Cook recorded a version for her release The Disney Album.[citation needed] In 1991, The Wiggles included this song on their albums The Wiggles and Pop Go The Wiggles.[citation needed]

Other 20th-century works have incorporated the song or parts of it, or used it as a motif or base for a title. Benjamin Britten wrote Lavender's Blue into his 1954 opera The Turn of The Screw, where it is sung by the two children, Miles and Flora,[18] and in Brad Fraser's 1989 play Unidentified Human Remains and the True Nature of Love, lyrics from the song are repeatedly sung by the character Benita. And the song was a prominent motif in M.M. Kaye's 1980 children's novel The Ordinary Princess.

In 1985, the British rock band Marillion included a song called "Lavender" on their album Misplaced Childhood. The song had lyrics derived from "Lavender's Blue" and became a number 5 hit on the UK singles chart.[19][20]

Andre Norton's 1975 novel, Lavender-Green Magic and Kathleen Lines' and Harold Jones's 1954 collection of nursery rhymes and songs Lavender's Blue took their titles from the song, as did several other books.

21st century[edit]

In the 21st century, Laura Wright recorded a version for her 2011 album The Last Rose,[citation needed] Alyse Black recorded her rendition of the Sammy Turner version with her band 'Night, Sweet Pea on their 2012 album A Little Line of Kisses,[citation needed] and Reinhard Mey recorded a version for his 2016 album Mr. Lee.[21]

In 2015, Disney revived "Lavender's Blue" as a signature song for another film, Cinderella. It's sung to Cinderella by her mother when she is a child, and reprised during the movie's climax,[22] and is a motif of the orchestral score throughout.[citation needed]

The song forms a sinister musical motif in the in the 2016 film Lavender.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
    So Dear To My Heart was first released for public viewing in late 1948,[citation needed] but widespread release did not begin until January 19, 1949.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Halliwell, James Orchard (1849). Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales. London: John Russell Smith. pp. 237–238. ISBN 978-0370012551. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Robert B. Waltz & David G. Engle. "Lavender Blue". Traditional Ballad Index. California State University, Fresno. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  3. ^ See also here
  4. ^ (Traditional) (1674–1679). "Diddle, Diddle (or The Kind Country Lovers)". Traditional Music Library. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Opie, Iona; Opie, Peter (1951). The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes. Oxford University Press. pp. 265–7. ISBN 9780198691112.
  6. ^ "100 Greatest Songs in American Movies: 100 YEARS...100 SONGS - The 400 Nominees". Filmsite. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  7. ^ "AFI's 100 YEARS...100 SONGS". American Film Institute. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  8. ^ "Burl Ives With Captain Stubby & The Buccaneers* – Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly) / Billy Boy " at Discogs (list of releases)
  9. ^ Bruce (December 21, 2009). "100 Greatest Popular Songs Of The 1940s". Digita Dream Door. Retrieved September 21, 2021.[better source needed]
  10. ^ "Billboard Best Sellers Chart History – "Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly)" by Sammy Kaye 1949". Song Database. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  11. ^ "Song artist 62 - Dinah Shore". The World's Music Charts. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  12. ^ Dinah Shore – Lavender Blue at Discogs (list of releases)
  13. ^ "Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly) by Vera Lynn". Second Hand Songs. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 Chart History – "Lavender-Blue" by Sammy Turner 1959". Song Database. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  15. ^ "Sammy Turner Top Songs". Music VF. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  16. ^ "Lavender's Blue" at Discogs
  17. ^ Discogs
  18. ^ Philip Rupprecht (11 February 2002). Britten's Musical Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 978-1-139-44128-5.
  19. ^ "Lavender, Marillion Lyrics.com
  20. ^ Simply Eighties
  21. ^ Reinhard Mey – Mr. Lee at Discogs (list of releases)
  22. ^ Susan Wloszczyna (March 11, 2015). "9 Surprising Facts about Disney's 'Cinderella' and One about 'Frozen Fever". Indie Wire. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  23. ^ "So Dear To My Heart". Disney Corporation. Retrieved September 21, 2021.

External links[edit]