Laverne, Oklahoma

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Laverne, Oklahoma
Location in Harper County and the state of Oklahoma.
Location in Harper County and the state of Oklahoma.
Coordinates: 36°42′29″N 99°53′50″W / 36.70806°N 99.89722°W / 36.70806; -99.89722Coordinates: 36°42′29″N 99°53′50″W / 36.70806°N 99.89722°W / 36.70806; -99.89722
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyHarper
Area
 • Total0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Land0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
2,110 ft (643 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,344
 • Density1,900/sq mi (710/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73848
Area code(s)580
FIPS code40-41700[1]
GNIS feature ID1094528[2]

Laverne is a town in Harper County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,344 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Laverne's origin is traced to John Mollman's homestead, which he established in 1903. The site was then in Woodward County, Oklahoma Territory. A post office was established in 1896 with the name Laverne and continued operating until 1908. After 1908, mail addressed to Laverne was redirected to another post office named Speedmore (now defunct).[3]

Mollman sold part of his acreage to a townsite promoter in 1911. The promoter platted the area and began selling lots. The Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway (WF&NW), a Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway (Katy) subsidiary, reached the new settlement in spring, 1912.[3]

The community was named Laverne after the old post office was moved to the new site in May, 1912. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, by June, 1912, Laverne had 44 businesses, including the Laverne State Bank, the Fox Hotel (NR 78002236) and the Clover Hotel (NR 84003034). Both hotels were built in 1912.[3]

Geography[edit]

Laverne is located at 36°42′29″N 99°53′50″W / 36.70806°N 99.89722°W / 36.70806; -99.89722 (36.708137, -99.897106).[4] It is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 283 and State Highway 149, 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Buffalo and 179 miles (288 km) northwest of Oklahoma City.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920476
193090389.7%
1940816−9.6%
19501,26955.5%
19601,93752.6%
19701,337−31.0%
19801,56316.9%
19901,269−18.8%
20001,097−13.6%
20101,34422.5%
Est. 20151,365[5]1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,097 people, 503 households, and 303 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,473.2 people per square mile (572.4/km²). There were 637 housing units at an average density of 855.5 per square mile (332.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.08% White, 0.73% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.65% of the population.

There were 503 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,222, and the median income for a family was $38,984. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,424. About 8.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The Laverne economy has been supported largely on agriculture, with broomcorn, wheat and cattle as the leading products until 1920. Hay replaced broomcorn, whose market has largely disappeared. Oil and gas production became important during the 1920s. Laverne acquired the nickname, "the Oil Capital of Northwest Oklahoma" during a short-lived boom in production during the 1950s. The Katy stopped rail service in 1972 and abandoned its line to Laverne.[3]

The local newspaper, Laverne Leader Tribune, is published weekly.[3]

Education[edit]

The Laverne public school system educates students from Harper and Ellis counties, as well as those from Beaver County.[3]

Famous people[edit]

  • Jane Anne Jayroe, Miss America, 1967, former news anchor at KOCO (Oklahoma City) and KXAS (Dallas), moved to Laverne with her family from Sentinel, Oklahoma during her childhood. A major street in Laverne was renamed for her.[7]
  • Jimmy Webb, songwriter and musician, moved to Laverne and attended Laverne Public Schools for his Junior year. After Laverne, he moved to California to start his career.[8] According to numerous articles about Jimmy Webb he claims Laverne as his hometown in Oklahoma.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g May, Jon D. "Laverne." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. 2009. Accessed February 14, 2018.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ McNutt, Kathryn. "Jane Jayroe: Oklahoma native reflects on her Miss America win." The Oklahoman. September 11, 2016. Accessed July 13, 2018.
  8. ^ "Oklahoma Music Trail: Jimmy Webb | TravelOK.com - Oklahoma's Official Travel & Tourism Site". www.travelok.com. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  9. ^ "Laverne | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture". www.okhistory.org. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  10. ^ "Webb, Jimmy | 1999". oklahomahof.com. Retrieved 2019-04-10.