Laverton, Western Australia

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Laverton
Western Australia
Laverton is located in Western Australia
Laverton
Laverton
Coordinates28°37′40″S 122°24′11″E / 28.62778°S 122.40306°E / -28.62778; 122.40306Coordinates: 28°37′40″S 122°24′11″E / 28.62778°S 122.40306°E / -28.62778; 122.40306
Population340 (2016 census)[1]
Established1898[2]
Postcode(s)6440
Elevation461 m (1,512 ft)
Location
  • 957 km (595 mi) NNE of Perth
  • 124 km (77 mi) ENE of Leonora
LGA(s)Shire of Laverton
State electorate(s)Kalgoorlie
Federal Division(s)O'Connor
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
27.3 °C
81 °F
13.2 °C
56 °F
232.5 mm
9.2 in

Laverton, originally known as British Flag, is a town in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, and the centre of administration for the Shire of Laverton. The town of Laverton is located at the western edge of the Great Victoria Desert, 957 kilometres (595 mi) north-northeast of the state capital, Perth, and 124 kilometres (77 mi) east-northeast of the town of Leonora with an elevation of 461 m.[3]

About 20% of the population is of Aboriginal descent. The area is semi-arid, with a mean annual rainfall of 233 millimetres (9.2 in).[4] It is also quite warm, with mean daily maximum temperatures ranging from 17 °C (62 °F) in July to 36 °C (97 °F) in January.

Laverton is the westernmost town on the Outback Way - a proposed highway which goes through the Northern Territory to Winton in outback Queensland.

History[edit]

A number of early explorers travelled over the Laverton area, including John Forrest,[5] David Carnegie and Frank Hann. Gold was discovered in the British Flag area in 1896 and many prospectors and miners moved into the area. Among them was Dr Charles W. Laver, who became an enthusiastic supporter and promoter of the region.[6]

One of the most successful mines was Craiggiemore, and by 1897 a residential and business area known as British Flag had sprung up on the west side of the mine. In March 1898 a townsite was approved as Laverton, in honour of Dr Laver.[2][7] In 1899, the residents sought to have a townsite surveyed, but by then the original Craiggiemore location had become unsuitable, so a new site was chosen about three kilometres north of the original lots. The new site was surveyed in July 1899 and the town of Laverton gazetted in July 1900.

By the late 1960s, Laverton was in decline, mainly because of the very low price of gold. In 1968 a Poseidon prospector Ken Shirley discovered nickel-bearing rocks at Windarra, 24 km northwest of Laverton.[8] In 1969 Poseidon began drilling Windarra. In September rumours of a nickel strike prompted the famous Poseidon bubble. The deposit was developed by Western Mining and its partners into the Windarra Nickel Project, which mined and processed nickel ore from 1974 to 1991.[9]

Modern industry[edit]

Gold mines in the Leonora - Laverton region

Laverton is primarily a mining area. There are two major operating gold mines in the district: the Wallaby Mine near Granny Smith, owned and operated by Gold Fields, and the Sunrise Dam Gold Mine, owned and operated by AngloGold Ashanti. Both open pit and underground mining is conducted at these mines. The Murrin Murrin laterite nickel project[10] is located 55 km to the west, midway between Laverton and Leonora. The area has a long history of pastoralism with sheep, cattle and goats, and a substantial area of land is used in this way.

Demographics[edit]

According to census results from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the population of the Laverton urban centre fell 23%, from 439 to 340 in the 15 years from 2001 to 2016. Over this same period the population of Aboriginal people decreased by 45%, from 38% to 20.8% of the town.

Climate[edit]

Laverton has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild to cool winters.

Climate data for Laverton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.8
(118)
46.7
(116.1)
45.2
(113.4)
41.7
(107.1)
35.6
(96.1)
30.2
(86.4)
28.9
(84)
33.0
(91.4)
37.7
(99.9)
40.8
(105.4)
44.4
(111.9)
47.8
(118)
47.8
(118)
Average high °C (°F) 37.1
(98.8)
35.3
(95.5)
32.7
(90.9)
27.9
(82.2)
22.8
(73)
19.0
(66.2)
18.5
(65.3)
20.6
(69.1)
24.8
(76.6)
28.8
(83.8)
32.2
(90)
35.3
(95.5)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
20.9
(69.6)
18.6
(65.5)
14.8
(58.6)
10.2
(50.4)
7.3
(45.1)
6.1
(43)
6.9
(44.4)
10.0
(50)
13.6
(56.5)
17.0
(62.6)
20.0
(68)
13.9
(57)
Record low °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
10.6
(51.1)
8.4
(47.1)
3.1
(37.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.8
(27)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.3
(32.5)
1.8
(35.2)
3.6
(38.5)
4.0
(39.2)
9.5
(49.1)
−2.8
(27)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24.0
(0.945)
31.0
(1.22)
28.5
(1.122)
20.6
(0.811)
24.1
(0.949)
25.1
(0.988)
19.0
(0.748)
16.1
(0.634)
8.9
(0.35)
9.1
(0.358)
12.0
(0.472)
16.7
(0.657)
235.4
(9.268)
Average precipitation days 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.5 4.3 5.4 5.2 4.0 2.6 2.4 2.8 3.1 43.9
Source: [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Laverton (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 March 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "News nd Notes". The West Australian. Perth, WA. 11 March 1898. p. 4. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Bureau of Meteorology - Climate statistics for Laverton". 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  4. ^ "Summary statistics - Laverton (1899-2016)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Commonwealth of Australia, Bureau of Meteorology. 15 Dec 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Australia's Golden Outback - Laverton". 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  6. ^ "Notes from the Goldfields". The West Australian. Perth,WA. 15 August 1898. p. 3. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Mining News". Coolgardie Miner. 1 December 1898. p. 7. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Welcome to the Shire of Laverton". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  9. ^ Sykes, Trevor (3 October 2013). "Norm Shierlaw: Miner's punt on Poseidon paid dividends". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Shire of Laverton - Submission #7" (PDF). 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
  11. ^ "Climate statistics for Laverton". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 October 2011.