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Lavezzi archipelago

Coordinates: 41°21′36″N 9°15′08″E / 41.359932°N 9.252205°E / 41.359932; 9.252205
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Lavezzi archipelago
Native name:
Îles Lavezzi
Lavezzi archipelago, satellite view
LocationStrait of Bonifacio (Tyrrhenian Sea)
Coordinates41°21′36″N 9°15′08″E / 41.359932°N 9.252205°E / 41.359932; 9.252205

The Archipelago of Lavezzi (French: Îles Lavezzi; Corsican: Isuli Lavezzi; Italian: Isole di Lavezzi) is a collection of small granite islands and reefs in the Strait of Bonifacio that separates Corsica from Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. They are administered from the town of Bonifacio (French department of Corse-du-Sud) on Corsica.


A lighthouse at the Lavezzu island
Lavezzu, a sign with the name of the island

The archipelago is located in about 4 kilometres (2 miles) from the Corsican mainland, 7 km (4 mi) from Cape Pertusato, and 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Bonifacio. It covers 5,123 ha in area and the highest point is 50 metres (164 feet). They include the southernmost point of Metropolitan France.

The two main islands are Cavallo (112 ha), the only inhabited island in the archipelago, and Lavezzu (Italian: Lavezzo, 66 ha), just on the south of Cavallo. The other islands or islets are, from west to east: Piana, Ratino, Porraggia and Sperduto (or Perduto).[1]


The archipelago was the site of the shipwreck of the French frigate Sémillante on February 15, 1855. On the island of Lavezzu there are two memorial cemeteries with the remains of the victims of the shipwreck.[2]

Bird colony[edit]

Between 255 and 400 pairs of Scopoli's shearwaters (Calonectris diomedea) breed each year on Lavezzu.[3] The breeding success of the shearwaters has increased since black rats (Rattus rattus) were eradicated from the island in 2000.[4]

These islands were the locale for Brigitte Bardot's 1952 film Manina, la fille sans voiles.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jean-François Cubells; Michele Ferrandini; Jean Ferrandini; Jean-Baptiste Orsini; Élisabeth Pereira (2012). L'Extrême-Sud (PDF) (in French). CNDP–CRDP de Corse. p. 22. ISBN 978-2-86620-292-7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-12-13.
  2. ^ "Les îles Lavezzi | Chemins de Mémoire" (in French). Ministère de la Défense.
  3. ^ Thibault, J.-C. (1995). "Effect of predation by the black rat Rattus rattus on breeding success of Cory's shearwater Calonectris diomedea in Corsica". Marine Ornithology. 23 (1): 1–10.
  4. ^ Pascal, M.; Lorvelec, O.; Bretagnolle, V.; Culioli, J.-M. (2008). "Improving the breeding success of a colonial seabird: A cost-benefit comparison of the eradication and control of its rat predator". Endangered Species Research. 4: 267–276. doi:10.3354/esr00080.

External links[edit]