Village of Lavik
|Sogn og Fjordane county|
|County||Sogn og Fjordane|
|• Total||220 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|Created as||Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838|
|Merged into||Lavik og Brekke in 1861|
|Split from||Lavik og Brekke in 1905|
|Merged into||Høyanger in 1964|
Lavik is a former municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It was located in the western part of the present-day municipality of Høyanger, mostly on the northern side of the Sognefjorden. A small part of Lavik was located on the southern side of the Sognefjorden, a narrow strip of land running south around the Ikjefjorden, past the village of Øystrebø, all the way south to the border with Hordaland county. The municipality of Lavik existed from 1838 until 1861 and then again from 1905 until 1964. Upon its dissolution, the municipality was 220 square kilometres (85 sq mi).
The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Ladvik farm (Old Norse: Lamvíkum), since Lavik Church was located there. The first element comes from the Old Norse word hlað which means "pile" or "load". The second element possibly comes from the Old Norse word víkr which means "inlet". Historically the spelling has varied greatly. It was Laduigh in the 16th century, Laduig in the 17th century, Ladvig in the 18th century, Ladevig in the 19th century, and finally Lavik in the 20th century.
Ladevig (later spelled Lavik) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1858, the district of Klævold was separated from Lavik to constitute a municipality of its own. The split left Lavik with 2,042 inhabitants. Klævold was later renamed Kyrkjebø. In 1861, Lavik (population: 926) was merged with the municipality of Brekke (population: 898), located across the Sognefjord, to form the new municipality of Lavik og Brekke.
On 1 January 1875, a part of Klævold with 90 inhabitants was moved to Lavik og Brekke. On 1 January 1905, the municipality was split, leaving Lavik and Brekke as separate municipalities once again. Following the split Lavik had a population of 1,182. On 1 January 1964, Lavik was merged with Kyrkjebø and a part of Vik to form the new municipality of Høyanger.
- Store norske leksikon. "Lavik. – tidl. kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 183–184.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.