|Manufacturer||OKB - 301, Khimki, Moscow region|
|Designer||V. P. Gorbunov|
|First flight||30 March 1940|
The Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-1 (Russian: Лавочкин-Горбунов-Гудков ЛаГГ-1) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II. Although not very successful, it formed the basis for a series of aircraft that would eventually become some of the most formidable Soviet fighters of the war.
The LaGG-1 was designed in 1938 as a light-weight aircraft designed around the Klimov M-105 engine and built out of laminated wood to save on strategic materials. The first prototype flew on March 30, 1940, and once some initial difficulties had been worked out of the design, proved to be promising, if somewhat short of what its designers had hoped for. By this stage, however, the need to modernise the Soviet Air Force had been made plain by recent losses in the Winter War with Finland, and the aircraft, initially designated I-22 was ordered into production.
Some 100 aircraft were sent to evaluation squadrons, where their shortcomings quickly became obvious. The aircraft was clearly underpowered, and lacked agility and range. Furthermore, while the seven prototypes had been carefully handmade and finished to a very high standard, the mass-produced examples were comparatively crude, and this only added to the existing weaknesses.
- Crew: One
- Length: 8.81 m (28 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 9.80 m (32 ft 2 in)
- Height: 4.40 m (14 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 17.5 m² (188 ft²)
- Empty weight: 2,478 kg (5,463 lb)
- Loaded weight: 2,968 kg (6,543 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 3,380 kg (7,452 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Klimov M-105P liquid-cooled V-12, 820 kW (1,100 hp)
- Maximum speed: 605 km/h (377 mph)
- Range: 556 km (346 mi)
- Service ceiling: 9,600 m (31,500 ft)
- Rate of climb: 14.3 m/s (2,804 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 170 kg/m² (35 lb/ft²)
- Power/mass: 270 W/kg (0.17 hp/lb)
- 2x 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns located above the engine
- 2x 12.7 mm UBS machine guns located above the engine
- 1x 20 mm ShVAK cannon firing through the propeller hub
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS
- List of fighter aircraft
- List of aircraft of World War II
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lavochkin LaGG-1.|
- Gordon 1998, p. 23-24.
- Abanshin, Michael E. and Gut, Nina. Fighting Lavochkin, Eagles of the East No.1. Lynnwood, WA: Aviation International, 1993. ISBN unknown.
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- Gordon, Yefim and Khazanov, Dmitri. Soviet Combat Aircraft of the Second World War, Volume One: Single-Engined Fighters. Earl Shilron, Leicester, UK: Midland Publishing Ltd., 1998. ISBN 1-85780-083-4.
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- Stapfer, Hans-Heiri. LaGG Fighters in Action (Aircraft in Action Number 163). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1996. ISBN 0-89747-364-7.