Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
|Parent department||United States Department of Justice|
The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) was a U.S. federal agency within the United States Department of Justice. It administered federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies and funded educational programs, research, state planning agencies, and local crime initiatives as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "war on crime" program.
The LEAA was established by the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 and was abolished in 1982. Its predecessor agency was the Office of Law Enforcement Assistance (1965–1968). Its successor agencies were the Office of Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics (1982–1984) and the Office of Justice Programs.
LEAA included the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, which had its functions absorbed by the National Institute of Justice on December 27, 1979, with passage of the Justice System Improvement Act of 1979. The Act, which amended the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, also led to creation of the Bureau of Justice Statistics. LEAA included the National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals.
In March 1973, the LEAA ordered any police department receiving federal funding to end minimum height requirements, which most women could not meet. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the LEAA promoted policing initiatives such as the STRESS (Stop the Robberies, Enjoy Safe Streets) in Detroit and CRASH (Community Resources Against Street Hoodlums) in Los Angeles.
- ^ "Records of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration". National Archives. Retrieved 2007-06-10.
- ^ Tonry, Michael. "Building Better Policies on Better Knowledge". Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-10.
- ^ Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice (1983). Federal Assistance to State and Local Law Enforcement Systems (hearing). Government Printing Office.
- ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 249. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
- ^ Soss, Joe; Weaver, Vesla (2017). "Police Are Our Government: Politics, Political Science, and the Policing of Race–Class Subjugated Communities". Annual Review of Political Science. 20: 565–591. doi:10.1146/annurev-polisci-060415-093825.
"LEAA/OJP retrospective" (PDF). Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Dept. of Justice. 1996-07-11. Retrieved 2013-03-15.