Myanmar Police Force

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Myanmar Police Force

ပြည်သူ့ရဲတပ်ဖွဲ့
Myanmar Police Force coat of arms.png
Coat of arms
Myannmar Police Force1.svg
Flag
Agency overview
Formed 1964 (1964)
Superseding agency Indian Imperial Police
Jurisdiction Myanmar
Headquarters Naypyidaw
Employees 72,000
Minister responsible Swe Thet Myint[1], Chief of Police
Deputy Minister responsible , Deputy Chief of Police
Parent agency Ministry of Home Affairs
Child agencies State and Division Police Forces
Special Departments
Training Centres
Reserve Units
Combat Police Battalions
Anti-Narcotics Task Force
Website http://myanmarpoliceforce.org

Myanmar Police Force, formally known as The People's Police Force (Burmese: ပြည်သူ့ရဲတပ်ဖွဲ့; MLCTS: Pyi Thu Yae Tup Pwe), was established in 1964 as independent department under Ministry of Home Affairs. It was reorganised on 1 October 1995 and informally become part of Tatmadaw. Current Director General of Myanmar Police Force is Police Major General Zaw Win with its headquarters at Nay Pyi Daw. Its command structure is based on established civil jurisdictions. Each of Myanmar's seven states and seven divisions has their own Police Forces with headquarters in the respective capital cities.[2]

History[edit]

Police in Burma have a long history, and include the national police force of Burma, as well as smaller functions and jurisdictions.

British rule in Burma[edit]

The Indian Imperial Police was the primary law enforcement in Burma until 1937, when it was split from British India.

In 1872 the third mayor of Mergui District, Sir Ashly Din (1870-1875) assigned the first police officer to be stationed at Maliwan, a village 24 miles north of current Victoria Point.

Perhaps the most famous policeman in Burma from this period is the author George Orwell, who in 1922 joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma.

Since independence[edit]

On March 16, 1988 following the killing of two students during the pro-democracy demonstrations, students marching on Prome Road were confronted near Inya Lake by the Lon Htein security force riot police and many beaten to death or drowned.

The national police are made up of several smaller entities, including

  • Burma Railways Police
  • intelligence division

Organization[edit]

State and Division Police Forces[edit]

There are 14 State and Divisional Police Forces and three additional State/Division Police Forces commanded by Police Colonels. Their jurisdictions are divided according to the Civil Administration. The States and Divisions, Additional States have the same status.

Each State and Divisional Police Force consist of four components.

  • Office of the Commander of the State and Divisional Police Force
  • Office of the Commander of the District Police Force
  • Office of the Commander of the Township Police Force
  • Police Stations

The District Police Forces are classified into two classes depending on the area, population and development, namely A and B Class. Commanders of the A Class District Police Forces are Police Lieutenant Colonels and B Classes are Police Majors. Commanders of Township Police Forces are Police Majors and Police Station Officers are Police Lieutenants.

Special Departments[edit]

There are four Special Departments, in which the first two Departments are headed by the Police Brigadier Generals and the remaining two are by Police Colonels.

  • Special Intelligence Department (Special Branch)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Railways Police Department
  • City Development Police Department
  • Myanmar Traffic Police

Others Major Departments[edit]

  • Aviation Police Department
  • Coastal and River Patrol Police Department
  • Highway Partrol Police Department
  • Tourist Police Department

Training Centres[edit]

There are three main Training Centers, one Central Training Institute of Myanmar Police Force and Three Police Training Depots. The State and Divisional Police Forces have their own training centers for refresher courses and Junior Leader (NCO) Courses.

Bachelor Degree holders from Distance Learning University were disqualified to sit SIP exam.Thus vast amount of bachelor holding other rank police personal upset for their future.


Course Name Duration
Deputy Superintendent Cadet Course 50 weeks
Sub-Inspector Cadet Course 6 weeks
Surveillance Officer Course 6 weeks
Investigation Officer Course 6 weeks
Police Station Officer Course 8 weeks
Staff Officer Course 6 weeks
Township Police Commander Course 8 weeks
District Police Commander Course 12 weeks

No. 1 Police Training Depot[edit]

The No.1 Police Training Depot is commanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel and undertakes:

Course Name Duration
Basic Training Course for Lance Corporal and Corporal 4 weeks
Warrant Officer and Police Sergeants Course 12 Weeks
Basic Training Course for Constables 24 weeks
Clerical Training 4 weeks
Instructor Renewal Course 4 weeks

No. 2 Police Training Depot[edit]

The No.2 Police Training Depot is also cmmanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel, and undertakes only Basic Training Course for Constables, which normally takes around 6 months to complete.

Course Name Duration
Basic Training Course for Constables 6 Months

Taung Lay Lone Police Training Depot[edit]

The Taung Lay Lone Police Training Depot is commanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel and undertakes:

Course Name Duration
Basic Training Course for lance corporal and Corporal 4 weeks
Warrant Officer and Police Sergeants Course 12 Weeks
Basic Training Course for Constables 6 Months

Reserve Units[edit]

The following units were formed with personnel formerly in the People's Militia Units.

Combat Police Battalions (SWAT)[edit]

There are sixteen Police Battalions to carry out general security duties under the command of Battalion Control Command. The Battalion Commandants are Police Lieutenant Colonels. As the populace of the cities including Yangon and Mandalay have been increased day after day, problems on social, economy and politics are risen up that could lead to emergence of civil unrest and sabotage. It is necessary to prevent from destruction and harassment, VIP and project factories and workshops, security of diplomats and their embassies. Seven of these Police Battalions are situated in the Yangon Divisional areas and two in Mandalay and three in Arakan, one in Sagaing, one in Mon State, one in Pegu, one in Prome.

These specially-trained and combat capable battalions are formed with personnel from former Riot Security Police, better known as "Lon Htein" Units. Each battalion consists of 500+ personnel and these battalions are supported by two support battalions, which include signal and medical units. These battalions structure are similar to that of Army's Light Infantry Battalions and they are subordonate to their respective Regional Military Commands.[3]

  • 1st Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hlawga)
  • 2nd Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Maungtaw)
  • 3rd Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Shwemyayar)
  • 4th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Patheingyi)
  • 5th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hmawbi)
  • 6th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Shwepyitha)
  • 7th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Kyauktan)
  • 8th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Mingaladon)
  • 9th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hlaingthaya)
  • 10th Combat Police Battalion
  • 11th Combat Police Battalion
  • 12th Combat Police Battalion
  • 14th Combat Police Battalion
  • 15th Combat Police Battalion
  • 16th Combat Police Battalion

Anti-Narcotic Task Forces[edit]

26 special anti-narcotic task forces have been established under the direction of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control.

Rank structure and insignia[edit]

Commissioned Officers
Police Major General
Police Brigadier General
Police Colonel
Police Lieutenant Colonel
Police Major (Township Police Commander)
Police captain (Deputy Township Police Commander)
Police Lieutenant(Station Commander)
Police Second Lieutenant
Non-Commissioned Officers
Police Warrant Officer
Police Sergeant
Police Corporal
Police Lance Corporal

Weapons and equipment[edit]

Myanmar Police Force uses wide range of weapons and ammunitions, ranging from Second World War vintage to modern sophisticated weapons. Most of the weapons are either seized from ethnic wars and narco-insurgents or locally produced copies of the G3 and other weapons phased out of their army.

SWAT battalions are armed with relatively modern small arms and members of MPF who are stationed in local police stations within States and Divisional Police Forces and those providing general guard duties at various government establishments and public places such as airports, train and bus stations, along with officers and detectives, are issued with Second World War vintage weapons.

Pistols[edit]

Sub machine gun[edit]

Rifles[edit]

Machine gun[edit]

Sniper rifle[edit]

Non-Lethal Weapons[edit]

Fleets[edit]

  • Mitsubishi Montero SUV(confiscated item)
  • Land Rover Donated by Foreign Organizations for Drugs Enforcement.
  • Honda CBX750 motorcycle (For Pilot and Point)
  • Mercedes Benz C-class sedan (confiscated item)
  • Toyota Dyna paddy wagon (Private Owned Vehicles called as volunteer)
  • Toyota Tiger Double Cab,confiscated item (Used by escort team, patrol)
  • Mitsubishi Double Cab,confiscated item (Used by Police Col, Yangon)
  • Mitsubishi Pickup confiscated item (Used by Township Police Station, Yangon)
  • Mitsubishi Pickup confiscated item (Used by Police Lt Col, Yangon)
  • Toyota Pickup confiscated item (Used by Township Police Station, Yangon)
  • FAW Pickup
  • Honda design Chinese motorcycle (confiscated item, these motorcycles were used by motor vehicles police, Township Police and their informer illegal and without registration number)
  • Honda Saloon, Patrol car
  • Jeep, Used by police station
  • Mazda pickup, Used by police station
  • Nissan Fairlady Z, used as a police lead vehicle and as a high-speed police car to arrest undisciplined sports car
  • Patrol Craft 001 Donated by China, 331, 332
  • Motorboat
  • Rail Patrol Vehicle

Awards, commendations, citations and medals[edit]

[1] Awards

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]