Law enforcement in Pakistan
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Service colour||Dark blue and red
|Uniform colour||Black, Khaki
Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons. In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other Law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment. The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.
Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory. Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.
The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, and the National Highways and Motorway Police. The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary. Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.
- Airports Security Force, Prompts safety of Civil Aviation through development of legal framework, practices, procedures, technical and human resources to prevent/respond to acts of unlawful interference within airport premises.
- Anti-Narcotics Force
- Federal Investigation Agency
- Director General: Akbar Khan Hoti, PSP, PPM
- Special Security Unit : A semi-autonomous overt internal security surveillance part of National Crises Management Cell and a parallel liaison , command and deployment directorate of Pakistan Rangers
- Director : Dr. Tariq Ishaque
- Frontier Constabulary
- Commandant: Liaqat Ali
- National Highways and Motorway Police, covering all major roads across Pakistan
- Inspector General: Zulfiqar Cheema
- National Police Academy, a training centre for the senior officers of civilian police agencies
- Commandant: Fayyaz Leghari
- Pakistan Coast Guard, a paramilitary force operating along the coast of Pakistan
- Pakistan Railways Police, operating on the railway system of Pakistan
- Inspector General: Syed Ibne Hussain
- Pakistan Customs, operating on the Airports and Seaports of Pakistan.
- Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation - FBR.
- Gilgit Baltistan Scouts, a paramilitary force operating along the northern borders of Pakistan
- Balochistan Police, operating in the Balochistan province
- Inspector General: Amlish Khan
- Balochistan Constabulary, a reserve police unit of balochistan police consisting of more than 10000 personnel.
- Balochistan Levies, a paramilitary police force operating in 23 of Balochistan's 30 districts
- Capital Territory Police, operating in the Islamabad Capital Territory
- Inspector General: Tahir Alam Khan
- Frontier Police, operating in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (formerly "North West Frontier Province")
- Inspector General: Nasir Durrani
- Punjab Police, operating in the Punjab province
- Inspector General: Mushtaq Sukhera
- Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
- Inspector General: Kokab Nadeem Warraich
- Sindh Police, operating in the Sindh province
- Inspector General: Allah Dino (AD) Khawaja
- Azad Jammu and Kashmir Police, operating in Azad Kashmir
- Inspector General: K.B Awan
- Gilgit-Baltistan Police, operating in Gilgit-Baltistan (formerly "Northern Areas")
- Inspector General: Zafar Iqbal Awan
- Police Qaumi Razakars:aid the police in their duties in all provinces.
- Pakistan Rangers, a paramilitary force operating along the eastern provinces and borders of Pakistan
- Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force operating along the western provinces and borders of Pakistan
Designations of PSP officers
|Grade||Police Ranks||Directorial/Secretarial Appointment|
- Federal Security Force, a defunct law enforcement agency
- "New look: Police mulling over proposal to change uniform colour". The Times of India. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan's Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). www.usip.org/. U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan" (PDF). http://www.ispu.org/. Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015. External link in
- Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- http://dunyanews.tv/index.php/en/Pakistan/263764-Terrorists-financing-FIA-tracks-down-18-bank-acc. Missing or empty
- "Vision". Balochistan Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "Current Expenditure (2010-2011)". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "Rs 152 bn Balochistan Budget 2010-11 presented". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "Development project". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "Levies force restored in Balochistan". Dawn Media Group. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "Levies directorate". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
- "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Faisal, Muhammad (4 March 2014). "Failure to check corruption: Police mull razakar force abolition". The Dawn. Retrieved 6 January 2015.