Law enforcement in Pakistan

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The police logo of Pakistan.
Police honorary ribbon.
Service colour Dark blue and red
Uniform colour Black, Khaki[1]

Law enforcement in Pakistan (Urdu: قانون نافذ کرنے والے ادارے) is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons.[2][3] In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment.[4] The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.[3]

Primarily operated through the four provincial governments and the Islamabad Capital Territory, each police service has a jurisdiction extending only within the relevant province or territory.[5] Apart from investigating crime scenes, criminal acts, suspected unlawful activities, and detention of suspected criminals pending judicial action, the law enforcement agencies (primarily police) also perform duties that include the service and enforcement of warrants, writs, and other orders of the courts.[4]

The law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to public safety as well as protecting the infrastructure and maintaining order in the country. At the federal level there are a number of law enforcement agencies including the Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau, Anti Narcotics Force, National Counter Terrorism Authority, and the National Highways and Motorway Police.[4] The four provinces each have their own police services such as the Punjab Police, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police, Sindh Police, Balochistan Police. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police services are supported by paramilitary units such as the Frontier Constabulary.[4] Each police force has a Commissioner of Police appointed as Inspector-General who are the most senior officers from the Police Service of Pakistan— a component of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.[6]


ANF officer checking passengers at Jinnah International Airport.
A Pakistani police special forces commando.
  • Airports Security Force, Prompts safety of Civil Aviation through development of legal framework, practices, procedures, technical and human resources to prevent/respond to acts of unlawful interference within airport premises.
  • Anti-Narcotics Force
  • Federal Investigation Agency[7]
    • Director General: Akbar Khan Hoti, PSP, PPM
  • Special Security Unit : As a semi-autonomous part of National Crises Management Cell (NCMC), Coordinate, Interrogate, Monitor and Regulate the various activities of all law enforcement agencies both civilian and armed forces along with the filtration of shared Information and update the policy draft including implementation of internal security SOP (Standing Operating Procedures) for VVIP/VIP's and the members of public in the supreme national interest under Ministry of Interior and Defence, Government of Pakistan
    • Director : Dr. Muhammad Tariq Ishaque
  • Frontier Constabulary[4]
    • Commandant: Liaqat Ali
  • National Highways and Motorway Police, covering all major roads across Pakistan
    • Inspector General: Zulfiqar Cheema
  • National Police Academy, a training centre for the senior officers of civilian police agencies
    • Commandant: Fayyaz Leghari
  • Pakistan Coast Guard, a paramilitary force operating along the coast of Pakistan
  • Pakistan Railways Police, operating on the railway system of Pakistan
    • Inspector General: Syed Ibne Hussain
  • Pakistan Customs, operating on the Airports and Seaports of Pakistan.
  • Directorate General of Intelligence and Investigation - FBR.
  • Gilgit Baltistan Scouts, a paramilitary force operating along the northern borders of Pakistan

Designations of PSP officers[edit]

Grade Police Ranks Directorial/Secretarial Appointment
  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • Assistant Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Assistant District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
  • Additional Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police
  • Deputy Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Deputy Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • District Officer, Frontier Constabulary
  • Assistant Inspector General of Police
  • Senior Superintendent of Police
  • Director, Intelligence Bureau
  • Additional Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Course Commander, National Police Academy
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, NACTA Headquarters
  • Deputy Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Deputy Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Deputy Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Director, National Police Bureau
  • Director, National Police Academy
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Additional Inspector General of Police
  • Director General, National Police Bureau
  • Joint Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Additional Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • Commandant, Frontier Constabulary
  • Commandant, National Police Academy
  • Deputy National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
  • Inspector General of Police
  • Secretary, Ministry of Interior
  • National Coordinator, National Counter Terrorism Authority
  • Chairman, National Public Safety Commission
  • Director General, Intelligence Bureau
  • Director General, Federal Investigation Agency
  • No special appointment
  • Secretary General, Ministry of Interior

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New look: Police mulling over proposal to change uniform colour". The Times of India. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor, Akif; Manzoor, Asif (2014). Police in Pakistan. U.S.: Lulu publications. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Hassan, Abbas (2011). "Reforming Pakistan‘s Police and Law Enforcement Infrastructure" (PDF). U.S. Institute of Peace. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Our Partners". National Police Bureau, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  5. ^ Abbas, Hassan. "Police Reforms in Pakistan" (PDF). Hassan Abbas, special report published by USIP. Retrieved 5 March 2015.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ Jones, Mark; Johnstone, Peter (2011). "Time Capsule: Policing in pakistan". History of Criminal Justice (google books). New York, U.S.: Routledge. ISBN 131752246X. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  7. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Vision". Balochistan Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  9. ^ a b c "Current Expenditure (2010-2011)". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Rs 152 bn Balochistan Budget 2010-11 presented". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Development project". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "Levies force restored in Balochistan". Dawn Media Group. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  13. ^ "Levies directorate". Government of Balochistan. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  14. ^ "History". Frontier Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  15. ^ "History". Punjab Police. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  16. ^ Official Website of Punjab Prisons (Pakistan)
  17. ^ "THE PUNJAB QAUMI RAZAKARS ORDINANCE, 1965". Punjab Laws. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  18. ^ Faisal, Muhammad (4 March 2014). "Failure to check corruption: Police mull razakar force abolition". The Dawn. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 

External links[edit]