Law enforcement in South Korea

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Hyundai Sonata police car in South Korea.

South Korea has a relatively unified and integrated approach to law enforcement. For example, the National Police Agency (NPA) provides all general policing services throughout the country. Due to the unilateral system, local police organizations are directly under the NPA.

This differs from the situation in many countries such as France, where policing is split between the National Police and Gendarmerie, or such as the United States, which have a layered system of national, state/regional, and/or local law enforcement organizations.

However, South Korea has several independent agencies that only enforce a specific law or laws—for example, the Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Economy and Finance have their own enforcement organizations for either border control or taxation, respectively. However, they are not formally called police.

List of law enforcement organizations[edit]

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