Lawangan people

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Lawangan people
Luangan people
Dusun Lawangan
Dayak Lawangan
Total population
(123,000[1])
Regions with significant populations
Indonesia (Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan)
Languages
Lawangan language
Religion
Islam (predominantly), Christianity, Kaharingan
Related ethnic groups
Dayak people, Ma'anyan people, Ngaju people

Lawangan or Luangan people are the sub-ethnic of the Dayak Dusun people (East Barito) group, where sometimes they are also referred to as Dusun Lawangan people. The Dusun people group are included in the Dayak Ot Danum people, which is why they are also called as Dayak Lawangan people. The Lawangan people inhabits the eastern side of Central Kalimantan and West Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.[2] In Tabalong Regency, South Kalimantan, the Lawangan people can be found only in Binjai village. They speak Lawangan language.

The organization of this people is Dusmala which is made up of three sub-ethnic Dayak people namely, Dusun people, Ma'anyan people and Lawangan people.[3]

Lawangan sub-ethnic[edit]

The sub-ethnic of the Lawangan people are:-

  • Dayak Benuaq people
  • Dayak Bentian people
  • Dayak Bawo people
  • Dayak Tunjung people
  • Dayak Kutai people (practices Malay culture)
  • Dayak Paser people
  • Tawoyan people (77% similarity in language)
  • Dusun Deyah people (53% similarity in language)

Culture[edit]

Food[edit]

  • Bagamat, a giant bat meat gravy cooked with garlic and various vegetables.[4][5]

Customary region[edit]

Tabalong Regency is made up of four Dayak cultural region, where one them includes the customary region of the Lawangan people, which are:-

  • Binjai village, the customary region of the Lawangan people
  • Warukin village, the customary region of the Ma'anyan people
  • The ten villages that compose Upau district, Haruai district and Bintang Ara district, the customary region of the Denyah Kampung Sepuluh people[6]
  • Muara Uya district and Jaro district, the customary region of the Denyah people

Outside of these four Dayak customary regions in Tabalong Regency, there are also the Banjar people which forms the majority of the Tabalong population, although the Banjar people are not tied to the customary laws of the Dayak people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lawangan in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  2. ^ Michaela Haug (2010). Poverty and Decentralisation in East Kalimantan: The Impact of Regional Autonomy on Dayak Benuaq Wellbeing. Centaurus Verlag & Media KG. ISBN 978-382-550-7701. 
  3. ^ "Mantir Adat Jaga Wibawa Lembaga Kedamangan". Pro Kalteng. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  4. ^ Iwan Prasetya (22 June 2013). "Nikmatnya Daging Paing, Kelelawar Raksasa Khas Kalteng". Liputan6. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  5. ^ Febria Silaen (20 May 2016). "Sederet kuliner khas Kalimantan Tengah". Beritagar. Retrieved 2016-11-05. 
  6. ^ "Dayak Dusun Deyah". Retrieved 2014-09-27. 

External links[edit]