Lawngtlai

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Lawngtlai
Town
Lawngtlai is located in Mizoram
Lawngtlai
Lawngtlai
Lawngtlai is located in India
Lawngtlai
Lawngtlai
Coordinates: 22°31′55″N 92°53′56″E / 22.532°N 92.899°E / 22.532; 92.899Coordinates: 22°31′55″N 92°53′56″E / 22.532°N 92.899°E / 22.532; 92.899
Country India
State Mizoram
District Lawngtlai district
Founded by Haihmunga Hlawncheu
Population (2011)
 • Total 20,838
Languages
 • Official

Lai

Mizo& Chakma
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 796891
Vehicle registration MZ
Nearest city Aizawl
Lok Sabha constituency Mizoram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Lawngtlai E & W
Climate Cwa
Website mizoram.nic.in

Lawngtlai is the district headquarters of Lawngtlai district in the state of Mizoram in India. It is also the headquarters of Lai Autonomous District Council, one of the three autonomous district councils in Mizoram (the other two being Mara Autonomous District Council and Chakma Autonomous District Council).

History[edit]

Lawngtlai village was established by Haihmunga Hlawncheu, a Lai Chief, in 1880 at present Vengpui. It has been named "Lawngtlai" as one day the Chief Haihmunga Hlawncheu seized a boat that was drifting down Kaladan river hence the name Lawng-tlai, which means Lawng=boat, and tlai=seized.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to Census of India, 2011 Lawngtlai town has population of 20,830 of which 10,659 are males while 10,171 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3122 which is 14.99 % of total population of Lawngtlai. In Lawngtlai Notified Town, Female Sex Ratio is of 954 against Mizoram state average of 976. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Lawngtlai is around 971 compared to Mizoram state average of 970. Literacy rate of Lawngtlai city is 95.66% higher than state average of 91.33%. In Lawngtlai, Male literacy is around 96.97% while female literacy rate is 94.28%.[2]

Communities[edit]

Majority of the people belong to Lai group. They are small part of a much larger Chin people in Chin State, Burma. However, nowadays most Lais speak Mizo as their first language. Lais in India in general were earlier known as Pawis by outsiders.

Transport[edit]

A helicopter service by Pawan Hans[3] has been started which connects the Aizawl with Lawngtlai.[4] The distance between Lawngtlai and Aizawl through NH 54 is 296 km and is connected with regular service of bus and jeeps.[5] The state government has proposed to extend the railway up to Lawngtlai.[6] Lawngtlai is also going to be the nodal point in India for the Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project which will link the town with Setpyitpyin (Kaletwa) in Myanmar through a 62 kilometre highway.[7]

Education[edit]

There is one college Lawngtlai College, under Mizoram University and a number of public and private schools.

Media[edit]

The major newspapers in Lawngtlai are:[8]

  • Chhawkhlei Times
  • Lai Aw
  • Lai Ram
  • Lawngtlai Post[9]
  • Phawngpui Express
  • Ramthar
  • Ram Eng

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ LH Chhuanawma (2006). Problem and Prospect of Urbanization in Lawngtlai. Mittal Publications.
  2. ^ "Lawngtlai Population Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "MIZORAMA HELICOPTER SERVICE TUR CHIEF MINISTER IN HAWNG". Mizoram DIPR. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Nilaini atangin 'Helicopter Service". The Zozam Times. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Aizawl to Siaha". Mizoram NIC. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  6. ^ Samaw.com: Railway upto (sic) Lawngtlai – South Mizoram proposed
  7. ^ Phukan, Papori. "Kaladan Multi-Modal Project In Myanmar". Manipur Online. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Accredited Journalists". DIPR Mizoram. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  9. ^ "Lawngtlai Post". Retrieved 5 September 2012.