Lawrence, New Zealand
Ross Place (State Highway 8), the main street of Lawrence
|Territorial authority||Clutha District|
|Time zone||UTC+12 (New Zealand Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+13 (New Zealand Daylight Time)|
|Local iwi||Ngāi Tahu|
Lawrence is a small town of 474 inhabitants (as per the 2001 New Zealand census) in Otago, in New Zealand's South Island. It is located on State Highway 8, the main route from Dunedin to the inland towns of Queenstown and Alexandra. It lies 35 kilometres to the northwest of Milton, 11 kilometres northwest of Waitahuna, and close to the Tuapeka River, a tributary of the Clutha.
Lawrence's main claim to fame is as the focal point for Otago's 1860s gold rush, after the discovery of the metal at nearby Gabriel's Gully by Gabriel Read. In mid-1862, it is estimated that twice as many people lived around the banks of the Tuapeka River as did in Dunedin itself. Additionally, the tune to New Zealand's national anthem was composed in Lawrence by John J. Woods, a Lawrence school teacher.
In 1877, a branch line railway was built from the Main South Line to Lawrence, and the town remained the terminus of the line until an extension was built in 1910. Although originally known as the Lawrence Branch, this line ultimately became known as the Roxburgh Branch. The railway closed in 1968 and the town's station has subsequently been demolished, but some relics still remain, including the goods shed.
In 1978, two lions named Sultan and Sonia escaped from a circus in Lawrence. The circus' tranquiliser guns had accidentally been left behind in another town so they could not be shot with tranqiliser darts. They were eventually shot by police but not before one of them had scratched a seven-year-old boy across the face. The lions were stuffed and are now on display at Otago Museum.
In 2011, Lawrence became the first town in New Zealand to offer town-wide free WiFi internet.
The Lawrence Rugby Football Club is based in the township.
Lawrence's sister city is Jacksonville, Oregon.
Lawrence Area School is a co-educational state primary school for Year 1 to 8 students, with a roll of 139 as of March 2020.
There were other primary schools previously in Lawrence. Blue Spur School closed some time in the 1930s or 40s; Forsythe School closed in the 1960s; and St Patrick's School closed at the end of 1980, leaving Lawrence Area School as the sole remaining school in Lawrence.
- Archibald Durward FRSE (1902–1964) spent his youth here. He was the son of the local minister Rev Peter C. Durward.
- Frank Mitchinson (1884–1978) rugby union player.
- Ella Spicer (1876–1958), painter.
- Jack Williams (1918-1975), Member of Parliament.
- David Wilson, the 14th Clerk of the New Zealand House of Representatives (2015 - current), spent his childhood in Lawrence.
- Wise's New Zealand guide: A gazetteer of New Zealand (4th ed.) (1969) Dunedin: H. Wise & Co. (N.Z.) Ltd.
- "QuickStats About Lawrence". 2006 Census. Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- New Zealand's National Anthem's history - Ministry for Culture and Heritage
- "The Lawrence Lions". Otago Museum. Archived from the original on 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- "Small town maintains pioneering streak". One News. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- "Lawrence Area School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
- "Lawrence Area School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
- Jennings, M. A. (1921). The history of Lawrence, Otago, New Zealand, from earliest times to 1921, including a review of its future prospects (PDF) (Master of Arts). University of Canterbury.
Media related to Lawrence, New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons