Lawrence Clark Powell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the police officer, see Laurence Powell.
Lawrence Powell (1960)

Lawrence Clark Powell (September 3, 1906–March 14, 2001) was a librarian, literary critic, bibliographer and author of more than 100 books.[1] Powell "made a significant contribution to the literature of the library profession, but he also writes for the book-minded public. His interests are reflected in the subjects that recur throughout his writings; these are history and travel, especially concerning the American Southwest, rare books, libraries and librarianship, the book trade, and book collecting."[2]

Biography[edit]

Powell was born September 3, 1906[3] in Washington, D.C. of Quaker parents, G. Harold and Gertrude (Clark) Powell.[2] His father was a general manager of the Sunkist Cooperative, and the family spent Powell's early winters in Riverside.[4]

Powell's family moved to South Pasadena, California when he was five years old, and there he attended public schools, graduating from South Pasadena High School.[3][4][5]

He received a B.A. from Occidental College in 1928. According to his obituary in the Los Angeles Times, "During the Depression, he worked as a shipping clerk at Vroman's Bookstore in Pasadena and for Fowler Books in Los Angeles and local rare bookstores until Los Angeles City Librarian Althea Hester Warren, in Powell's words, 'plucked me out of Jake Zeitlin's bookshop and sent me off to Berkeley.' " Powell later returned to Los Angeles to work for Warren at the Central Library in downtown Los Angeles.

He earned a doctorate from the University of Burgundy in Dijon (Université de Bourgogne) in 1932 (having written his dissertation on Robinson Jeffers[5]), and a Certificate of Librarianship from UC Berkeley in 1937.

Powell started working at UCLA in the acquisitions department of the library in 1938.[6] He was University Librarian at the UCLA Library from 1944 to 1961, and head librarian of the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library from 1944 until 1966.[4] He was the first dean of the School of Library Service at UCLA, which later merged to become the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies. He was also a Lecturer in English at UCLA and a visiting professor at the Columbia University School of Library Service.[5] Under his directorship, the UCLA library "quadrupled in size," numbering some 1.5 million volumes circa 1960.[5] He acquired "such noted collections as Michael Sadleir's Victorian Fiction and the 80,000-volume library of C.K. Ogden, originator of Basic English."[5]

Powell was a Guggenheim Fellow in Great Britain in 1950-51.[5]

He had a monthly column on "Books of the West" for Westways magazine.[4]

After retiring from UCLA in 1966, Powell moved to Tucson, Arizona in 1971, where—as Professor in Residence for nearly two decades—he was instrumental in the growth of the University of Arizona Graduate School of Library Science, now known as the University of Arizona School of Information Resources and Library Science. The University of Arizona Libraries special collections holds Powell's papers documenting his time in Tucson,[7] and the Fay and Lawrence Clark Powell Endowment for Southwest Research continues to support Powell's interest in the geography of the southwest United States.[8]

The Lawrence Clark Powell Memorial Lecture is held in Tucson annually in Powell's honor, with noted authors speaking about topics relevant to Powell's work, and Lifetime Achievement awards have been granted at the Memorial Lecture in prior years.[9]

Powell was a president of the Bibliographical Society of America, the California Library Association, and the Zamorano Club of Los Angeles, and also a member of the Roxburghe Club of Los Angeles, the Caxton Club of Chicago, and the Grolier Club of New York.

He died at La Rosa Health Center in Tucson, Arizona at age 94.[4] His wife, née Fay Ellen Shoemaker, passed away around 1991.[4] The couple had two sons,[5] one named Norman.[4]

Literary friendships[edit]

In 1934, Powell moved to Laguna Beach, California with his wife Fay, to live next door to M.F.K. Fisher, with whom he maintained a great correspondence and friendship.[10] (The couple later lived in Malibu, until the family home—and the book collection contained therein—was destroyed in the 1978 Malibu fire.[4])

In the 1930s, Powell was a correspondent, friend and bibliographer for John Steinbeck as he composed Of Mice and Men and The Grapes of Wrath.[11]

Henry Miller wrote in his book The Air-Conditioned Nightmare that L. C. Powell, "a humble, modest librarian at U.C.L.A." was (apart from Ed Ricketts) the only person whom Miller, during his journey across the USA, found "satisfied with his lot, adjusted to his environment, happy in his work, and representative of all that is best in the American tradition".[12]

Selected works[edit]

  • Islands of Books
  • The Alchemy of Books (1954)
  • The Manuscripts of D.H. Lawrence
  • Robinson Jeffers, the Man and His Work
  • Philosopher Pickett
  • Land of Fiction
  • Heart of the Southwest
  • A Southwestern Century
  • The Malibu (with W.W. Robinson)
  • A Passion for Books (1958)
  • Books in My Baggage (1960)
  • The Little Package (1964)
  • The Blue Train (1977)
  • The River Between (1979)
  • Southwestern Book Trails (1982)
  • Eucalyptus Fair (1992)
  • California Classics: The Creative Literature of the Golden State (1971)
  • Photographs of the Southwest (1976) (with Ansel Adams)
  • Fortune & Friendship: An Autobiography (1968)
  • Life Goes On: Twenty More Years of Fortune and Friendship (1986)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Powell, Lawrence Clark." Current Biography. 1960. Current Biography. Online. H.W. Wilson. Accessed January 10, 2008.
  2. ^ a b UCLA Special Collections: L.C. Powell Archive
  3. ^ a b Lawrence Clark Powell oral history recorded/transcribed UCLA
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Oliver, Myrna (March 20, 2001). "Lawrence Clark Powell; Lifted UCLA Library to Prominence". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Powell, Lawrence Clark (1960). "About the Author". Books in My Baggage. Cleveland and New York: The World Publishing Company. pp. 256–257. 
  6. ^ Lawrence Clark Powell, Former University Librarian and Founding Dean of the Library School, Dies
  7. ^ University of Arizona. Lawrence Clark Powell Papers, Special Collections. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/collections/papers-lawrence-clark-powell.
  8. ^ University of Arizona. Support, Special Collections. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/support.
  9. ^ Pima County Community Library. Lawrence Clark Powell Memorial Lectures, Books. Retrieved September 17, 2013, from http://www.library.pima.gov/books/lcp/.
  10. ^ Barr, Norah Kennedy (1993), Foreword to Stay Me, Oh Comfort Me: journals and stories, 1933–1941, M. F. K. Fisher. New York: Pantheon Books p.XI
  11. ^ Benson, Jackson J. (1984). John Steinbeck, Writer. Penguin. pp. 295, 320, 349, 360. 362. ISBN 978-0-14-014417-8. 
  12. ^ Miller, Henry (1945). The Air-Conditioned Nightmare. New Directions. pp. 18–19. 

External links[edit]