Lawrence County, Indiana

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Lawrence County, Indiana
County
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°48′N 86°33′W / 38.800°N 86.550°W / 38.800; -86.550Coordinates: 38°48′N 86°33′W / 38.800°N 86.550°W / 38.800; -86.550
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
Founded 1818
Named for James Lawrence
County seat Bedford
Largest city Bedford (population and area)
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Body Board of Commissioners
Area
 • Total 451.93 sq mi (1,170.5 km2)
 • Land 449.17 sq mi (1,163.3 km2)
 • Water 2.76 sq mi (7.1 km2)
Area rank 20th largest county in Indiana
Elevation[1] 502 ft (153 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 46,134
 • Estimate (2013) 45,844
 • Rank 31st largest county in Indiana
1,050th largest county in U.S.[2]
 • Density 103/sq mi (40/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 47264, 47420-21, 47436-37, 47446, 47451, 47462, 47467, 47470
Area code 812
Congressional district 9th
Indiana Senate district 44th
Indiana House of Representatives districts 65th and 73rd
FIPS code 18-093
GNIS feature ID 0451703
  • Indiana county number 47

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 46,134.[3] The county seat is Bedford.[4]

History[edit]

Lawrence County was formed in 1818 from land given by Orange County.[5] It was named for Capt. James Lawrence,[6] who uttered the famous words "Don't give up the ship." after being mortally wounded during the War of 1812.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 451.93 square miles (1,170.5 km2), of which 449.17 square miles (1,163.3 km2) (or 99.39%) is land and 2.76 square miles (7.1 km2) (or 0.61%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

Cities and Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Local sights[edit]

Astronauts[edit]

Lawrence County has had several native residents that have become astronauts over the years. They include:

The Virgil I. Gus Grissom Memorial, located at the Spring Mill State Park near Mitchell, has many mementos of his career, including the space capsule he commanded, "The Molly Brown" from Gemini 3, and the space suit worn during his Mercury Liberty Bell 7 mission.[8]

Climate and weather[edit]

Bedford, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.8
 
 
37
18
 
 
2.7
 
 
43
22
 
 
3.8
 
 
53
31
 
 
4.5
 
 
64
40
 
 
5
 
 
74
51
 
 
4.1
 
 
82
60
 
 
4.5
 
 
86
64
 
 
4.2
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.1
 
 
79
53
 
 
3.2
 
 
67
41
 
 
3.9
 
 
54
33
 
 
3.3
 
 
42
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in Bedford have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1930. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.70 inches (69 mm) in February to 5.04 inches (128 mm) in May.[9]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[10][11]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[10][11]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[11]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[11]

Lawrence County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 44;[12] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 65 and 73.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,116
1830 9,234 124.3%
1840 11,782 27.6%
1850 12,097 2.7%
1860 13,692 13.2%
1870 14,628 6.8%
1880 18,543 26.8%
1890 19,792 6.7%
1900 25,729 30.0%
1910 30,625 19.0%
1920 28,228 −7.8%
1930 35,583 26.1%
1940 35,045 −1.5%
1950 34,346 −2.0%
1960 36,564 6.5%
1970 38,038 4.0%
1980 42,472 11.7%
1990 42,836 0.9%
2000 45,922 7.2%
2010 46,134 0.5%
Est. 2013 45,844 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2013[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,134 people, 18,811 households, and 12,906 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 102.7 inhabitants per square mile (39.7/km2). There were 21,074 housing units at an average density of 46.9 per square mile (18.1/km2).[7] The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 18.4% were German, 14.6% were Irish, 13.1% were American, and 10.4% were English.[19]

Of the 18,811 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.6 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $50,355. Males had a median income of $42,337 versus $30,386 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,352. About 10.9% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lawrence County". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 2015-01-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Lawrence County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ History of Lawrence and Monroe Counties, Indiana: Their People, Industries, and Institutions. B.F. Bowen. 1914. p. 64. 
  6. ^ History of Lawrence, Orange, and Washington Counties, Indiana: From the Earliest Time to the Present, Together with Interesting Biographical Sketches, Reminiscences, Notes, Etc. Higginson Book Company. 1884. p. 34. 
  7. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  8. ^ [1], Virgil I. Gus Grissom Memorial
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bedford, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  10. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  11. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  12. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts" (PDF). State of Indiana. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  13. ^ "Indiana House Districts" (PDF). State of Indiana. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10.