Lawrence County, Ohio

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Lawrence County, Ohio
Lawrence County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Lawrence County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1817
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Ironton
Largest city Ironton
Area
 • Total 457 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Land 453 sq mi (1,173 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 62,450
 • Density 138/sq mi (53/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lawrencecountyohio.org

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,450.[1] Its county seat is Ironton.[2] The county was created in 1815 and later organized in 1817.[3] It is named for James Lawrence, the naval officer famous for the line "do not give up the ship".[4]

Lawrence County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY Combined Statistical Area.[5]

History[edit]

The earliest settlers, Luke Kelly, his family and May Keyser, settled at Hanging Rock, along the Ohio River in 1796.[6] Lawrence County was formed on December 20, 1816 from parts of Gallia and Scioto Counties, with the county seat being at Burlington.[6] In 1851 the county seat was moved from Burlington to Ironton. A new court House was built at that time but it burned in 1857. The present Lawrence County Courthouse was built in 1908.

Citizens from Lawrence County served in the Mexican-American War with at least one having died during that conflict. About 3200 of Lawrence County's men were soldiers in the Union Army by 1862 in the American Civil War.[7] World War I saw 2200 of Lawrence County's men serving the U.S.A. of which 99 died.[8]

When first settled, Lawrence County was rich in natural resources such as iron, timber, coal, natural gas, oil, and salt. By the beginning of the twentieth century, many of these had been depleted.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 457 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 453 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.9%) is water.[9] It is the southernmost county in the state of Ohio.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,499
1830 5,367 53.4%
1840 9,738 81.4%
1850 15,246 56.6%
1860 23,249 52.5%
1870 31,380 35.0%
1880 39,068 24.5%
1890 39,556 1.2%
1900 39,534 −0.1%
1910 39,488 −0.1%
1920 39,540 0.1%
1930 44,541 12.6%
1940 46,705 4.9%
1950 49,115 5.2%
1960 55,438 12.9%
1970 56,868 2.6%
1980 63,849 12.3%
1990 61,834 −3.2%
2000 62,319 0.8%
2010 62,450 0.2%
Est. 2013 61,917 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 62,319 people, 24,732 households, and 17,807 families residing in the county. The population density was 137 people per square mile (53/km²). There were 27,189 housing units at an average density of 60 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.55% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,732 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,127, and the median income for a family was $35,308. Males had a median income of $30,622 versus $20,961 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,678. About 15.10% of families and 18.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Lawrence County has a 3 member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. Lawrence County's elected commissioners are:

  • County Commissioners: Bill Pratt (R), Les Boggs (R), and Freddie Hayes, Jr. (R).[15]

Communities[edit]

Map of Lawrence County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182. 
  5. ^ "Population statistics" (PDF). 
  6. ^ a b Brown, Paul M. (1966). "A Story About Lawrence County, Ohio". Huntington, WV: Paul Brown Publishing Co. p. 15 (unnumbered). OCLC 2667859. 
  7. ^ Ironton Register, October 9, 1862
  8. ^ "WW I Stories". 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Lawrence County, Ohio". County Commissioner of Ohio Homepage. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°35′N 82°32′W / 38.59°N 82.54°W / 38.59; -82.54