Lawrence County, Ohio

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Lawrence County, Ohio
Lawrence County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Lawrence County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1817
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Ironton
Largest city Ironton
Area
 • Total 457 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Land 453 sq mi (1,173 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 62,450
 • Density 138/sq mi (53/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.lawrencecountyohio.org

Lawrence County is the southernmost county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,450.[1] Its county seat is Ironton.[2] The county was created in 1815 and later organized in 1817.[3] It is named for James Lawrence, the naval officer famous for the line "do not give up the ship".[4]

Lawrence County is part of the Huntington–Ashland metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The earliest European-American settlers, Luke Kelly and his family, and May Keyser, settled at Hanging Rock along the Ohio River in 1796, having migrated from the east.[5] Lawrence County was formed on December 20, 1816 from parts of Gallia and Scioto counties, with the county seat named as Burlington.[5] In 1851 the county seat was moved from Burlington to Ironton. A new courthouse was built at that time. It burned in 1857. The present Lawrence County Courthouse was built in 1908.

Men from Lawrence County served in the Mexican–American War, with at least one having died during that conflict. By 1862, about 3200 of Lawrence County's men were soldiers in the Union Army in the American Civil War.[6] During World War I, 2200 of Lawrence County's men served in the armed forces, and 99 died.[7]

When first settled, Lawrence County was rich in natural resources such as iron, timber, coal, natural gas, oil, and salt. By the beginning of the twentieth century, many of these had been depleted by resource extraction and industrial development.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 457 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 453 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.9%) is water.[8] It is the southernmost county in the state of Ohio and part of Appalachian Ohio.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18203,499
18305,36753.4%
18409,73881.4%
185015,24656.6%
186023,24952.5%
187031,38035.0%
188039,06824.5%
189039,5561.2%
190039,534−0.1%
191039,488−0.1%
192039,5400.1%
193044,54112.6%
194046,7054.9%
195049,1155.2%
196055,43812.9%
197056,8682.6%
198063,84912.3%
199061,834−3.2%
200062,3190.8%
201062,4500.2%
Est. 201760,249[9]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2017[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 62,319 people, 24,732 households, and 17,807 families residing in the county. The population density was 137 people per square mile (53/km²). There were 27,189 housing units at an average density of 60 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.55% White, 2.09% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,732 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,127, and the median income for a family was $35,308. Males had a median income of $30,622 versus $20,961 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,678. About 15.10% of families and 18.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 62,450 people, 24,974 households, and 17,405 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 137.7 inhabitants per square mile (53.2/km2). There were 27,603 housing units at an average density of 60.9 per square mile (23.5/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 2.0% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 18.0% were American, 15.4% were German, 12.9% were Irish, and 10.8% were English.[17]

Of the 24,974 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families, and 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.1 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,461 and the median income for a family was $46,732. Males had a median income of $38,170 versus $28,251 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,452. About 15.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential election results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 69.8% 18,689 26.0% 6,974 4.2% 1,126
2012 56.5% 14,651 41.4% 10,744 2.1% 537
2008 56.3% 15,415 41.1% 11,262 2.6% 713
2004 55.8% 15,455 43.7% 12,120 0.5% 135
2000 51.3% 12,531 46.2% 11,307 2.5% 614
1996 36.9% 8,832 48.5% 11,595 14.6% 3,499
1992 37.2% 10,044 45.6% 12,325 17.2% 4,652
1988 52.2% 12,937 47.0% 11,628 0.8% 203
1984 56.0% 14,793 43.2% 11,431 0.8% 213
1980 52.7% 13,799 43.4% 11,366 3.9% 1,029
1976 46.4% 10,668 52.5% 12,072 1.1% 256
1972 67.0% 15,125 31.5% 7,112 1.5% 330
1968 46.8% 9,782 41.4% 8,671 11.8% 2,470
1964 38.0% 7,757 62.0% 12,635
1960 60.3% 13,159 39.7% 8,656
1956 62.7% 12,607 37.3% 7,492
1952 56.2% 11,962 43.8% 9,316
1948 45.9% 8,113 53.7% 9,495 0.4% 76
1944 53.9% 9,312 46.1% 7,966
1940 49.1% 10,274 50.9% 10,661
1936 42.4% 8,498 57.2% 11,471 0.5% 97
1932 50.8% 8,598 48.2% 8,157 1.0% 160
1928 74.5% 10,346 25.0% 3,470 0.5% 69
1924 64.0% 6,798 25.7% 2,729 10.4% 1,101
1920 65.1% 7,616 33.8% 3,955 1.1% 131
1916 59.1% 4,363 38.2% 2,821 2.7% 198
1912 37.4% 2,650 28.8% 2,042 33.8% 2,395
1908 66.7% 5,708 31.0% 2,654 2.3% 200
1904 72.4% 5,587 24.7% 1,905 2.9% 223
1900 65.0% 5,505 33.9% 2,876 1.1% 92
1896 63.4% 5,408 35.8% 3,050 0.8% 69
1892 56.8% 4,193 40.5% 2,988 2.7% 196
1888 59.5% 4,713 38.8% 3,068 1.7% 135
1884 60.9% 4,817 38.2% 3,024 0.9% 67
1880 61.5% 4,627 38.0% 2,862 0.5% 34
1876 57.2% 3,975 42.4% 2,949 0.5% 31
1872 68.2% 3,624 30.8% 1,637 1.0% 55

Government[edit]

Lawrence County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. Lawrence County's elected commissioners are:

  • County Commissioners: Bill Pratt (R), Deanna Holliday (D), and Freddie Hayes, Jr. (R).[20]

Communities[edit]

Map of Lawrence County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182. 
  5. ^ a b Brown, Paul M. (1966). "A Story About Lawrence County, Ohio". Huntington, WV: Paul Brown Publishing Co.: 15 (unnumbered). OCLC 2667859.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "A Story About Lawrence County, Ohio" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ Ironton Register, October 9, 1862
  7. ^ "WW I Stories". Archived from the original on 2008-12-31. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-02. 
  20. ^ "Lawrence County, Ohio". County Commissioner of Ohio Homepage. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°35′N 82°32′W / 38.59°N 82.54°W / 38.59; -82.54