Lawrence County, South Dakota
|Lawrence County, South Dakota|
Lawrence County Courthouse in Deadwood
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Lawrence|
|• Total||800 sq mi (2,072 km2)|
|• Land||800 sq mi (2,072 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%|
|• Density||32/sq mi (12/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC−7/−6|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 Politics
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Lawrence County was created January 11, 1875, and organized in 1877. The county was named for "Colonel" John Lawrence who came to the county as first treasurer in 1877. Lawrence had previously served in the Dakota Territorial Legislature, as a Sergeant at Arms for the United States House of Representatives, and a US Marshal for the Dakota territory. After retirement he continued to act as county road supervisor and as an election judge. The title "Colonel" was honorary, bestowed by the governor of the Dakota Territory.
- Interstate 90
- U.S. Highway 14
- U.S. Highway 14A
- U.S. Highway 85
- U.S. Highway 385
- South Dakota Highway 34
- Butte County, South Dakota - north
- Meade County, South Dakota - east
- Pennington County, South Dakota - south
- Weston County, Wyoming - southwest
- Crook County, Wyoming - west
National protected area
- Black Hills National Forest (part)
State protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,802 people, 8,881 households, and 5,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 10,427 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.79% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 2.18% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.0% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 9.0% English and 7.5% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 census.
There were 8,881 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.40% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,755, and the median income for a family was $40,501. Males had a median income of $30,098 versus $19,679 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,195. About 9.50% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,097 people, 10,536 households, and 6,181 families residing in the county. The population density was 30.1 inhabitants per square mile (11.6/km2). There were 12,756 housing units at an average density of 15.9 per square mile (6.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.4% white, 2.0% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 44.5% were German, 13.7% were Irish, 13.4% were English, 11.4% were Norwegian, and 4.4% were American.
Of the 10,536 households, 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.3% were non-families, and 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age was 41.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,356 and the median income for a family was $60,209. Males had a median income of $38,933 versus $28,649 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,465. About 8.4% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Like most of South Dakota, Lawrence County has long been a Republican stronghold. Its Yankee heritage – rare so far west – was decisive in making it the only South Dakota county to remain loyal to Herbert Hoover in his landslide 1932 loss. In fact, Lawrence County was the second-westernmost county, behind only Utah’s Kane County, to never vote for Franklin D. Roosevelt. The only Democratic Presidential nominees to carry Lawrence County have been Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and 1916, and William Jennings Bryan in 1896.
- List of Superfund sites in South Dakota
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lawrence County, South Dakota
- Media related to Lawrence County, South Dakota at Wikimedia Commons
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 442 ISBN 1400852293
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Caddey, S.W. et al. (1991). The Homestake Gold Mine, an Early Proterozoic iron-formation-hosted gold deposit, Lawrence County, South Dakota [U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1857-J]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.