Lawrence E. Spivak
|Lawrence E. Spivak|
Spivak at right with Ned Brooks, 1960.
June 11, 1900|
Brooklyn, New York
|Died||March 9, 1994
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
|Spouse(s)||Charlotte Beir Ring (1924–1983)|
|Children||Judith Spivak Frost
Jonathan Martin Spivak
Lawrence Edmund Spivak (June 11, 1900 – March 9, 1994) was an American publisher and journalist who was best known as the co-founder, producer and host of the prestigious public affairs program Meet the Press. He and journalist Martha Rountree founded the program as promotion for Spivak's magazine, The American Mercury, and it became the longest-running continuous network series in television history. During his 28 years as panelist and moderator of Meet the Press, Spivak was known for his pointed questioning of policy makers.
Life and career
Lawrence E. Spivak was born June 11, 1900, in New York City. In 1921 he graduated cum laude from Harvard University and began his career in publishing as business manager for Antiques magazine. He married psychologist Charlotte Beir Ring in 1924, and together they had two children. From 1930 to 1933 Spivak worked for Hunting and Fishing and National Sportsman magazines, as circulation director and assistant to the publisher.
The American Mercury
In 1934 Spivak became business manager for The American Mercury, a literary magazine that critiqued the American scene, while it was edited by journalist H. L. Mencken. Spivak purchased the magazine in 1939. He served as its editor from 1944 to 1950 when he sold it.
In 1937 Spivak founded Mercury Publications, Inc., a publishing company with imprints including American Mercury Books, Mercury Mysteries, Bestseller Mysteries and Jonathan Press Mysteries. Spivak published inexpensive digest-sized paperback editions, often abridged, of works by authors including Margery Allingham, Agatha Christie, Erle Stanley Gardner, Dashiell Hammett, Ellery Queen, Georges Simenon, Rex Stout and Cornell Woolrich. Mercury Publications also included such periodicals as Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, The Book of Wit and Humor and Detective: The Magazine of True Crime Cases. Spivak sold his interest in Mercury Publications in 1954.
Meet the Press
In 1945, Spivak and journalist Martha Rountree created and co-produced the weekly public affairs program Meet the Press as radio promotion for The American Mercury. A television edition began on NBC in November 1947, and separate shows continued until the radio version ceased in 1950. Spivak purchased Rountree's interest in the program in 1953.
Spivak sold Meet the Press to NBC in 1955 but remained as moderator, producer and panelist. He retired November 9, 1975, after a special one-hour broadcast that featured President Gerald R. Ford and marked the 28th anniversary of Meet the Press on television. Spivak continued to be a consultant to NBC until 1989, and made his last Meet the Press appearance in 1983.
"All received equal treatment," Arthur Unger of The Christian Science Monitor wrote of the presidents and world leaders who were questioned by the Meet the Press panelist. "They had to face up to Lawrence Spivak of the fierce visage, the challenging questions, the fearless independence, the utter fairness. And beneath it all, the scowling good nature of a man with an unrelenting mission: to evince accurate information from the very mouths of the individuals who make the news."
Spivak was distinguished by his rather dapper appearance, his wardrobe usually including a bowtie and heavy-rimmed glasses. He first appeared as the one permanent member of the program's panel of reporters, asking the first round of questions. As moderator, he asked the first question of the Meet the Press guest and then handed off to the other journalists on the panel, which usually totaled four during his 28 years as the host and moderator of the TV program.
Spivak's office was at the Sheraton-Park Hotel in Washington, D.C., which was also his home. He was widowed in 1983. Spivak died of congestive heart failure at Washington's Sibley Memorial Hospital on March 9, 1994, at the age of 93.
- Burrell, Cassandra, "TV News Show Pioneer Dies at 93"; The Associated Press, March 10, 1994
- Lawrence E. Spivak Papers at the Library of Congress
- Severo, Richard (March 10, 1994). "Lawrence E. Spivak, 93, Is Dead; The Originator of 'Meet the Press'". The New York Times – Obituaries. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Mott, Frank Luther (1968). A History of American Magazines, Volume V: 1905-1930. Harvard University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0674395541. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Nimmo, Dan D.; Newsome, Chevelle (1997). Political Commentators in the United States in the 20th Century: A Bio-critical Sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 311. ISBN 978-0313295850. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- Mott 1968, p. 24
- Lawrence E. Spivak Papers at the Library of Congress; Gale, Robert L., A Dashiell Hammett Companion, Greenwood Press, 2000, p. 237
- Unger, Arthur, "Spivak: 28 Years of Newsmaking"; The Christian Science Monitor News Service, November 15, 1975
- Nimmo, Dan D., and Chevelle Newsome (1997). "Martha Rountree and Lawrence E. Spivak". Political Commentators in the United States in the 20th Century: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 309–17. ISBN 0-313-29585-9.
- Shahid, Sharon, "60 Years Ago in News History: America Meets the Press," Newseum Journalism News, November 14, 2007
- Severo, Richard, "Lawrence E. Spivak, 93, Is Dead; The Originator of 'Meet the Press'," The New York Times, March 10, 1994
- Lawrence E. Spivak at the Internet Movie Database
- Lawrence E. Spivak Papers at the Library of Congress
- About Meet the Press, including archival photo gallery, at MSNBC
|Meet the Press Moderator
January 16, 1966 – November 9, 1975