Lawrence Hogan

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For the governor and son of the Maryland congressman, see Larry Hogan
Lawrence Hogan
Lawrence J Hogan 93rd Congressional Pictorial Directory.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1975
Preceded by Hervey Machen
Succeeded by Gladys Spellman
3rd Prince George's County Executive
In office
1978–1982
Preceded by Winfield Kelly
Succeeded by Parris Glendening
Constituency Prince George's County, Maryland
Personal details
Born Lawrence Joseph Hogan
(1928-09-30) September 30, 1928 (age 86)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party Republican
Children 6 (notably Larry Hogan, Jr. and Patrick N. Hogan)
Alma mater Georgetown University,
San Francisco State College,
American University,
University of Maryland

Lawrence Joseph Hogan (born September 30, 1928) is a Republican former U.S. Congressman who represented the 5th congressional district of Maryland from January 3, 1969 to January 3, 1975. Hogan did not run for re-election in 1974, and was unsuccessful that year in his candidacy for the Republican nomination for governor. He became county executive for Prince George's County, Maryland in 1978 and served until 1982.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 30, 1928, Hogan attended Gonzaga College High School in Washington, D.C. He received his Bachelor's degree from Georgetown University in 1947, J.D. from Georgetown in 1954, and was admitted to the Bar in the same year. The Washington Post wrote that he was a full-time FBI agent while attending law school.[1] He later was enrolled in graduate studies at San Francisco State College, 1956–1957, received a Master's degree from American University in 1965, and continued studies at the University of Maryland, 1966–1967.

Career[edit]

  • Larry Hogan Associates
Hogan's private career has included practicing law and public relations. His Larry Hogan Associates business was making $1 million a year before he sold it to enter politics.[1]
  • U.S. Congress
After losing the same race in 1966, Hogan won against incumbent Hervey Machen in 1968 to represent Maryland's 5th congressional district, and was easily re-elected in 1970 and 1972.[2] Hogan was the only Republican on the House Judiciary Committee to vote for all three articles of impeachment against Richard Nixon when they were adopted in committee. Hogan famously said into the television cameras:

The thing that's so appalling to me is that the President, when this whole idea was suggested to him, didn't, in righteous indignation, rise up and say, 'Get out of here, you're in the office of the President of the United States. How can you talk about blackmail and bribery and keeping witnesses silent? This is the Presidency of the United States.' But my President didn't do that. He sat there and he worked and worked to try to cover this thing up so it wouldn't come to light.[3]

  • Gubernatorial candidate
Hogan entered Maryland's 1974 gubernatorial race when polls showed him a strong challenger to incumbent Governor Marvin Mandel. Hogan's abandonment of Nixon, however, contributed to his loss in the Republican primary to Louise Gore, who in turn lost to Mandel.[2] Political observers also attributed Hogan's loss to Gore's "genteel, low-key nature".[4] Gladys Spellman was elected to take Hogan's former seat in congress.
  • Between public service
After his 1974 defeat, Hogan and his wife Ilona opened the Hogan and Hogan law firm with offices in Forestville, Maryland and Washington, D.C. In 1976, Hogan was elected a Maryland National Republican Committeeman and in January 1977, he began working as executive vice-president of the Associated Builders and Contractors trade association. When he left the position to re-enter politics, he was being paid between $70,000 and $100,000 a year.[1]
  • County Executive
In 1978, Hogan challenged incumbent Prince George's County Executive Win Kelly amid a 'tax revolt' and won the office with 60% of the vote. County voters passed a tax reform measure known as "TRIM" that same year.[2]
  • Senatorial candidate
Hogan challenged first-term Senator Paul Sarbanes in 1982 and lost heavily. Parris Glendening was elected as county executive in his place, and Hogan's political career was over.[2]
  • After politics
In subsequent years, Hogan has returned to practicing law. He has also taught and written various books. His "Legal Aspects of the Fire Service" title is used at training academies across the country.[2]

Family[edit]

Hogan is married to his second wife, Ilona, after his first marriage ended with divorce in 1972 after 27 years.[1][2] Ilona was elected to the Board of County Commissioners in Frederick County after they moved there.[2] Two of Hogan's six children are also politically involved in the state of Maryland. Patrick N. Hogan was formerly a Republican Delegate representing Maryland's District 3A.[5] Hogan's eldest son, Larry Hogan, is the current Governor of Maryland, an office he has held since January 2015 after winning the 2014 election.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Meyer, Eugene L. (October 31, 1978). "The Two Worlds of Larry Hogan". Washington Post. p. C1. Retrieved February 11, 2015. He and his wife and law partner, Ilona.... from a costly divorce from his first wife of 27 years. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Kurtz, Josh (September 15, 2014). "Hogan's Hero". Center Maryland. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  3. ^ "The American Experience: Nixon: Program Transcript". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ Duggan, Paul (October 7, 2005). "Louise Gore, Force in Md. GOP, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2015. Political observers partly attributed Miss Gore's upset victory over Hogan in the 1974 gubernatorial primary to her genteel, low-key nature 
  5. ^ "Patrick N. Hogan". Maryland State Archives. January 15, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ Wagner, John; Johnson, Jenna (November 5, 2014). "Republican Larry Hogan wins Md. governor’s race in stunning upset". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Hervey Machen
Representative of the Fifth Congressional District of Maryland
1969–1975
Succeeded by
Gladys Spellman
Political offices
Preceded by
Winfield M. Kelly, Jr.
Prince George's County, Maryland Executive
1978–1982
Succeeded by
Parris N. Glendening