Lawrence Revere

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Lawrence Revere (born Griffith K. Owens; November 5, 1915 – April 23, 1977[1]) was an author, casino pit boss, and professional blackjack player best known for his book Playing Blackjack as a Business. Revere played under multiple aliases, including Leonard "Speck" Parsons and Paul Mann.[2]

Education and personal life[edit]

Revere had a degree in mathematics from the University of Nebraska.[3]

He died of cancer on April 23, 1977.

Card counting[edit]

Revere promoted the following card counting strategies developed with Julian Braun, which were detailed in Playing Blackjack as a Business:

  • The Revere Point Count
  • The Revere Five Count Strategy
  • The Reverse Plus-Minus Strategy
  • The Ten Count Strategy

Revere Point Count was highly popular in the early days of counting and is still considered a benchmark strategy. His book only gave the single-deck version. He sold the multi-deck version and it is still sold decades later by relatives. He also sold high-level strategies referred to as Revere Advanced Point Count (RAPC.) These are now generally considered obsolete due to unnecessary complexity – although they are still valid and in use today.

Revere was a controversial figure as he worked both sides of the game at once (casino and player), advising both sides. But he was also known as a master of avoiding detection by casinos, and as an early proponent of composition-dependent strategy and floating advantage.[4] And he trained many of the early counters, some of whom use his strategies to this day.


  1. ^ "United States Social Security Death Index". FamilySearch. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  2. ^ "The Encyclopedia of Casino Twenty-One". Retrieved 2011-09-03.
  3. ^ "The official website of Lawrence Revere". Retrieved 2011-12-03.
  4. ^ Schlesinger, Donald "Blackjack Attack." 3rd edition, March 2, 2005, RGE Publishing.

External links[edit]