Lawrence Township, Marion County, Indiana
|• Type||Indiana township|
|• Total||48.51 sq mi (125.6 km2)|
|• Land||46.92 sq mi (121.5 km2)|
|• Water||1.59 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|Elevation||751 ft (229 m)|
|• Density||2,524.4/sq mi (974.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||453545|
The Metropolitan School District of Lawrence Township provides services to students in portions of Lawrence Township and the City of Lawrence.
The Oaklandon Historic District is located in the northeast corner of Lawrence Township in northeastern Marion County, and encompasses a portion of the mid-19th century settlement known as Oaklandon. Located approximately 14 miles (22.4 km) northeast of downtown Indianapolis, the Oaklandon area is currently a part of the city of Lawrence, which after a six-year court battle annexed it, Indian Lake and other unincorporated parts of Lawrence Township in 1976.
When Oaklandon was established in 1849 along the route of the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine Railroad, it was surrounded by farms and vacant land; now it is enveloped by the urban sprawl of Indianapolis and Lawrence. Late 20th century housing developments, many of them planned using winding streets or cul de sacs, have now surrounded the early community.
Just north of the district is the railroad right-of-way established in the late 1840s, and currently used by CSX Transportation. To the south is Pendleton Pike, once a toll road which passed directly through Oaklandon, running north along present−day Oaklandon Road, and then west along present−day Broadway Street. Pendleton Pike was rerouted in the early 20th century to pass along the southern edge of the community, and is now a busy six−lane thoroughfare lined with commercial development. The area of the early community is marked by small and medium−size residences and outbuildings dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, along with two church buildings from the same era.
Oaklandon never incorporated, and therefore had no official town limits, but appears never to have developed south of present-day Pendleton Pike. Until its demolition in the early 1940s, the community's two−story brick schoolhouse stood at the northwest corner of Oaklandon Road and Pendleton Pike and would have alerted travelers of the community to the north. Today a retail development occupies the school's site, but that development's sign includes a panel reading “Oaklandon Community established 1849.” Upon passing that sign and heading into the historic district, one immediately notices that the area differs from the surrounding commercial and residential area. The feeling of a small town is engendered by the relative narrowness of the streets and the older housing stock. That atmosphere is reinforced by the small lots and modest setbacks that characterize the housing stock on Oaklandon Road, the older part of the district. This section of Oaklandon Road (from Pendleton Pike north to Broadway) is also the only street in the area with streetlights, curbs and sidewalks; the latter were installed for the community's children who walked along Oaklandon Road to school.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
- "US Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data: Lawrence township, Marion County, Indiana". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert G. (22 November 1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Indiana University Press. p. 900. ISBN 0-253-11249-4.
- Sulgrove, Berry Robinson (1884). History of Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana. L.H. Everts & Co. p. 536.
- Indianapolis Neighborhoods
- Oaklandon, Lawrence IN (Google Maps, accessed 10 October 2020)
- History of Oaklandon (www.in.gov)