Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Lawrence Township, New Jersey
|Township of Lawrence|
"Where Nature Smiles for 22 Miles"
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Formed||February 20, 1697 as Maidenhead Township|
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|Renamed||January 24, 1816 as Lawrence Township|
|Named for||Capt. James Lawrence|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (council–manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||James S. Kownacki (D, term ends December 31, 2020)|
|• Administrator||Kevin P. Nerwinski|
|• Municipal clerk||Kathleen S. Norcia|
|• Total||21.98 sq mi (56.94 km2)|
|• Land||21.73 sq mi (56.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2) 1.17%|
|Area rank||126th of 565 in state|
4th of 12 in county
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||68th of 565 in state|
4th of 12 in county
|• Density||1,534.8/sq mi (592.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||330th of 565 in state|
8th of 12 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882126|
Lawrence Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. Located at the cross-roads between the Delaware Valley region to the south and the Raritan Valley region to the north, the township is an outer-ring suburb of New York City in the New York Metropolitan area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, while also directly bordering the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area. The township is a regional commercial hub for central New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 33,472, reflecting an increase of 4,313 (+14.8%) from the 29,159 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,372 (+13.1%) from the 25,787 counted in the 1990 Census.
What is now Lawrence Township was originally formed as Maidenhead Township on February 20, 1697, while the area was still part of Burlington County in West Jersey. The township was named by the early Quaker settlers after Maidenhead, a Thames River village west of London. It became part of the newly created Hunterdon County on March 11, 1714. Maidenhead Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798.
On January 24, 1816, the municipality was renamed Lawrence Township, in honor of Captain James Lawrence — commander of the frigate USS Chesapeake, one of the naval heroes of the War of 1812, and a native of relatively nearby Burlington, New Jersey— best known for his dying command of "Don't give up the ship". Lawrence Township became part of Mercer County at its creation on February 22, 1838. Portions of the township were taken to form Millham Township on February 10, 1882, which was annexed six years later by Trenton.
On September 23, 2003, at approximately 8:25am, an F1 tornado ripped through Lawrence Township. The tornado followed a path along Princeton Pike and caused widespread damage to homes. There were no fatalities.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.98 square miles (56.94 km2), including 21.73 square miles (56.27 km2) of land and 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2) of water (1.17%).
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include: Bakersville, Clarksville, Colonial Lakelands, Coxs Corner, Eldridge Park, Franklin Corner, Harneys Corner, Lawrence Station, Lewisville, Louisville, Port Mercer, Princessville, Quaker Bridge, Rosedale, Slackwood and Sturwood Hamlet.
Many area residents often refer to all of Lawrence Township as Lawrenceville, as a significant majority of township residents use a Lawrenceville mailing address as specified by the United States Postal Service, while other residents have mailing addresses in either Princeton or Trenton. The township was notified by the Postal Service in 2007 that the preferred designation for the ZIP code 08648 would be changed to "Lawrence Township".
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Lawrence Township, New Jersey has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C), and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months, episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 100 °F (≥ 38 °C). On average, the wettest month of the year is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at the Lawrence Township Municipal Court is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 0.3 °F (-17.6 °C). The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 24 to 30 inches (61 to 76 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
|Climate data for Lawrence Township Municipal Court, Mercer County, NJ (1991-2020 Averages)|
|Average high °F (°C)||40.3
|Daily mean °F (°C)||32.1
|Average low °F (°C)||23.8
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.48
|Average relative humidity (%)||65.6||61.9||57.5||57.2||62.1||66.3||66.2||68.6||70.0||68.5||66.6||66.5||64.8|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||21.4
|Source: PRISM Climate Group|
According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Lawrence Township, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.
1850–1870 1850 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade 2020
The 2010 United States census counted 33,472 people, 12,524 households, and 8,116 families in the township. The population density was 1,534.8 per square mile (592.6/km2). There were 13,239 housing units at an average density of 607.1 per square mile (234.4/km2). The racial makeup was 69.68% (23,322) White, 10.76% (3,602) Black or African American, 0.20% (66) Native American, 14.10% (4,721) Asian, 0.09% (29) Pacific Islander, 2.73% (913) from other races, and 2.45% (819) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.48% (2,503) of the population.
Of the 12,524 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18; 51.1% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 35.2% were non-families. Of all households, 29.2% were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.
20.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 86.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,693 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,442) and the median family income was $108,743 (+/- $4,377). Males had a median income of $68,305 (+/- $6,890) versus $50,103 (+/- $5,345) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $43,136 (+/- $3,030). About 4.4% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 29,159 people, 10,797 households, and 7,233 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,317.0 people per square mile (508.5/km2). There were 11,180 housing units at an average density of 504.9 per square mile (195.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 79.22% White, 9.28% African American, 0.08% Native American, 7.91% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.79% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.61% of the population.
There were 10,797 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the township the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $67,959, and the median income for a family was $82,704. Males had a median income of $56,681 versus $38,468 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,120. About 2.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
Lawrence Township is home to the headquarters of:
Quaker Bridge Mall is a two-level, indoor shopping center located in Lawrenceville on U.S. 1, near Interstate 295. The mall opened in 1975, and has over 100 retail establishments. The mall's anchor stores include J.C. Penney, Lord & Taylor, Macy's, Sears and Old Navy. The mall has a gross leasable area of 1,076,000 square feet (100,000 m2). Quaker Bridge Mall also had a renovation in 2011–2012, and was finished around August 2012.
Lawrence Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government, which was implemented in 1970. The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of five Council Members who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in odd-numbered years as part of the November general election. A Mayor is selected by the Council from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting to serve a term of one year.
As of 2020[update], members of the Lawrence Township Council are Mayor James S. Kownacki (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2021; term as mayor ends 2020), Chris Bobbitt (D, 2021), Cathleen M. Lewis (D, 2023), Michael S. Powers (D, 2023) and John Ryan (D, 2023).
In August 2015, the Township Council appointed Ian J. Dember on an interim basis to fill the seat expiring in December 2017 that had been held by Stephen Brame until his death the previous month. In the November 2015 general election, Democrat Chris Bobbitt was elected to serve the balance of the term.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 15th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Verlina Reynolds-Jackson (D, Trenton) and Anthony Verrelli (D, Hopewell Township, Mercer County).
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year. As of 2014[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton). Mercer County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton), Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton), Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township), Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton), John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township), Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township) and Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township) Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015), Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,237 registered voters in Lawrence Township, of which 7,718 (40.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,152 (16.4%) were registered as Republicans and 8,342 (43.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.
|2016||27.7% 4,231||68.6% 10,490||3.6% 201|
|2012||31.9% 4,688||66.7% 9,798||1.4% 201|
|2008||31.6% 4,771||66.3% 10,025||1.2% 177|
|2004||36.3% 5,228||60.1% 8,658||0.7% 151|
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.7% of the vote (9,798 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 31.9% (4,688 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (201 votes), among the 16,398 ballots cast by the township's 20,890 registered voters (1,711 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 78.5%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.3% of the vote (10,025 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 31.6% (4,771 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (177 votes), among the 15,115 ballots cast by the township's 19,981 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.6%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.1% of the vote (8,658 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 36.3% (5,228 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (151 votes), among the 14,412 ballots cast by the township's 18,440 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.2.
|2017||29.9% 2,777||68.0% 6,318||2.1% 199|
|2013||51.4% 4,634||46.6% 4,205||2.0% 178|
|2009||38.1% 3,858||54.7% 5,528||6.2% 623|
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 51.4% of the vote (4,634 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 46.6% (4,205 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (178 votes), among the 9,276 ballots cast by the township's 20,298 registered voters (259 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 45.7%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 54.7% of the vote (5,528 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.1% (3,858 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.3% (537 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (86 votes), among the 10,113 ballots cast by the township's 19,495 registered voters, yielding a 51.9% turnout.
The Lawrence Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of seven schools, had an enrollment of 3,907 students and 325.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Eldridge Park Elementary School (239 students; in grades K-3), Ben Franklin Elementary School (391; PreK-3), Lawrenceville Elementary School (307; PreK-3), Slackwood Elementary School (267; K-3), Lawrence Intermediate School (899; 4-6), Lawrence Middle School (596; 7-8) and Lawrence High School (1,157; 9-12).
Eighth grade students from all of Mercer County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Mercer County Technical Schools, a county-wide vocational school district that offers full-time career and technical education at its Health Sciences Academy, STEM Academy and Academy of Culinary Arts, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.
Lawrence Township is home to two parochial schools operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton: Notre Dame High School is a coeducational, Roman Catholic, college preparatory school for students in grades 9-12 and Saint Ann School, which serves 341 students in pre-3 through eighth grade.
Colleges and universities
Founded in 1865 and granted university status in 1992, Rider University is a private university with its main campus just south of Lawrenceville that serves nearly 6,000 undergraduate and graduate students.
The Princeton Community Japanese Language School teaches weekend Japanese classes for Japanese citizen children abroad to the standard of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), and it also has classes for people with Japanese as a second language. Courses are taught at Memorial Hall at Rider University. The main office of the school is in Princeton although the office used on Sundays is in Memorial Hall.
Yinghua Chinese School: In May 2002, the residents including Asian/Chinese as well as non-Asian/Chinese population established a Chinese language school where students of all cultural and ethnic backgrounds could learn the Chinese language on Sunday afternoons. From September 2002 to June 2005, Lawrence Middle School was the host to YingHua Language School, which teaches Simplified Chinese to over 200 students. Between September 2005 to 2017, YingHua was residing in Rider University. Since 2018 Yinghua has been residing in Chapin School and offer classes on Sunday afternoons. During COVID19, Yinghua Chinese School has continued its teaching virtually.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 132.33 miles (212.96 km) of roadways, of which 102.37 miles (164.75 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.48 miles (18.48 km) by Mercer County and 18.48 miles (29.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Several major transportation routes traverse the Township. Interstate 295 runs through as a semicircle while U.S. Route 1, the other major highway, bisects the municipality. U.S. 1 is in effect three different roads: the original route from Trenton to New Brunswick in the southern half of the Township, the limited access Trenton Freeway, and the combined road in the northern half that serves as a regional arterial linking the Interstates with New Brunswick and Route 18.
U.S. Route 206 (Lawrence Road) is the main artery within the township itself, running from Trenton to Princeton roughly north-to-south. It is a segment of the historic Lincoln Highway, and before that, it was part of the main New York-Philadelphia Post road. Major county routes that pass through include County Route 533, County Route 546 and County Route 569.
Lawrence Township had been the site of what was called the "abrupt ending" of Interstate 95. This was a result from politics in Somerset County that eliminated a planned connection of the Somerset Freeway to Interstate 287. Originally, when drivers travelled along I-95 north while approaching the interchange for U.S. Route 1, the 95 designation abruptly ended and the highway turned southward and became Interstate 295. Drivers wishing to continue north were required to use an alternate route, either by taking US 1 north, or continue along Interstate 295 south to Interstate 195 east and to the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at Exit 7A in Robbinsville Township. This portion of interstate (between the Hopewell Township border and U.S. 1) was renumbered from I-95 to I-295 in May 2018.
The busy Northeast Corridor rail line, carrying Amtrak and NJ Transit trains, runs along the eastern edge of the township. The nearest stations are in Hamilton, Trenton, Princeton and Princeton Junction.
A rail spur used to run to Lawrenceville from Trenton, but was discontinued in the 1970s and is now a bicycle trail. From Lawrenceville, a trolley line to Princeton existed from 1900 to 1941, but was dismantled before World War II, and the right-of-way largely has reverted to neighboring landowners.
The nearest commercial airport is Trenton-Mercer Airport, formerly known as the Mercer County Airport, in Ewing Township with nonstop service to 10 major cities in the eastern half of the United States. Lawrence Township is roughly equidistant to the other two nearby commercial airports, Philadelphia International Airport and Newark Liberty International Airport.
Points of interest
The Port Mercer Canal House is located at 4378 Quakerbridge Road, along the Delaware and Raritan Canal near the border of West Windsor Township and Princeton. The house was built in the 1830s as housing for the bridge tender and his family. The bridge tender was needed to open the swing bridge when canal boats came through, then close it to allow traffic to cross over the canal.
The Delaware and Raritan Canal has an intact walking towpath for most of its length. Additional walking trail areas in the township include Shipetaukin Woods, Carson Road Woods, and part of Rosedale Park. Lawrence Township is part of the Lawrence Hopewell Trail, currently under development.
Terhune Orchards is a winery and produce farm.
The Brearley Oak, the largest Black Oak tree in New Jersey, is located along the Princeton Pike.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lawrence Township include:
- Kevin Bannon (born 1957), former men's college basketball head coach who was the Rutgers Scarlet Knights men's basketball team's head coach from 1997 through 2001.
- Ifa Bayeza (born Wanda Williams), playwright, producer and conceptual theater artist.
- Brett Brackett (born 1987), tight end for the Jacksonville Jaguars.
- David Brearley (1745–1790), signer of the United States Constitution and Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1779 to 1789.
- George H. Brown (1810–1865), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855.
- Scott Brunner (born 1957), football quarterback in the NFL who played for the New York Giants from 1980 to 1983.
- Mark Carlson (born 1969), President, Head Coach and General Manager of the Cedar Rapids RoughRiders.
- Richard J. Coffee (1925–2017), former member of the New Jersey Senate.
- Oliver Crane (born 1998), rower, who set the record as the youngest person to row solo across the Atlantic Ocean, when he completed the 3,000-nautical-mile (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) journey in 2018.
- Margery Cuyler (born 1948), children's book author.
- Tony DeNicola (1927–2006), jazz drummer.
- Luke Elliot (born 1984), singer-songwriter and composer.
- Marc Ferzan, director of the New Jersey Governor's Office of Recovery and Rebuilding following Hurricane Sandy.
- N. Howell Furman (1892-1965), professor of analytical chemistry who helped develop the electrochemical uranium separation process as part of the Manhattan Project.
- John Cleve Green (1800–1875), merchant who was a benefactor of the Lawrenceville School and Princeton University.
- Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti, former executive director of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and Florida's Turnpike Enterprise, who is Governor of New Jersey-elect Phil Murphy's nominee for Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
- Frederick Kroesen (1923–2020), United States Army four-star general
- Josue Lajeunesse, custodian at Princeton University and a taxi driver who was featured in the documentary The Philosopher Kings for his efforts raising money to provide clean water and other basic amenities to his native town of Lasource, Haiti.
- Dan Lavery (born 1969), musician who has performed as part of The Fray and Tonic.
- James T.C. Liu (1919–1993), Chinese historian and a leading scholar on Song dynasty history who was a professor at Princeton University for more than two decades.
- Thorn Lord (1906–1965), politician.
- Donald W. McGowan (1899–1967), Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau
- Kenneth Merin (born 1947), politician and lawyer who served two stints as the New Jersey Commissioner of Insurance.
- Ed Moran (born 1981), retired track and road runner who was a gold medalist in the 5000-meter race at the 2007 Pan American Games and finished the 2011 New York City Marathon in 10th place.
- Paul Mott (born 1958), retired professional soccer player for the Tampa Bay Rowdies, who was a sports consultant and former professional sports executive.
- Jake Nerwinski (born 1994), Major League Soccer player for the Vancouver Whitecaps.
- John Schneider (born 1980), professional baseball coach for the Toronto Blue Jays.
- Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (1934–2012), retired United States Army General who was commander of the Coalition Forces in the Gulf War of 1991.
- Norman Schwarzkopf Sr. (1895–1958), first superintendent of the New Jersey State Police.
- Ntozake Shange (1948–2018), playwright and poet best known for the Obie Award-winning play for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf.
- Elizabeth Socolow (born 1940), poet.
- Jon Solomon (born 1973), DJ on WPRB.
- Jon Stewart (born 1962), of The Daily Show.
- Shirley Turner (born 1941), New Jersey State Senator.
- Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Lawrence Township, in Mercer County, chose to capitalize on its square mileage with 'Where Nature Smiles for 22 Miles.' Joseph DallePazze, the town's mayor in the '70s and '80s, is credited with coining the motto, says township clerk Kathleen Norcia, even though, as sloganeer Swartz points out, the slogan is eerily reminiscent of Spring Lake Township, Michigan's motto, 'Where nature smiles for seven miles.'"
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990 , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Town Council, Township of Lawrence. Accessed May 6, 2020. "Lawrence Township adopted a Council-Manager form of government in 1970. The Council is composed of five part-time members, each elected on a partisan basis, serving for a four year term. Due to overlapping terms, elections for Council are held every 2 years."
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, Kownacki is listed with a term-end year of 2021, which is the end of his four-year committee term, not his one-year mayoral term.
- Manager, Township of Lawrence. Accessed May 6, 2020.
- Municipal Clerk, Township of Lawrence. Accessed May 6, 2020.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 73.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lawrence, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lawrence township, Mercer County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lawrence township Archived 2015-07-09 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Lawrence township, Mercer County, New Jersey; Mercer County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Lawrence Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lawrence, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 6, 2014.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey Archived June 4, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 29, 2018.
- - Philadelphia Market Area Coverage Maps, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed March 29, 2018.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. pp. 162-163. Accessed July 13, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 25, 2015.
- "Tornado damages homes and power lines in Lawrence Twp." Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Princetonian, September 24, 2003.
- NCDC: Event Details[permanent dead link]
- Avilucea, Isaac. "Lawrence Applebee’s reopens after grisly murder", The Trentonian, November 15, 2017. Accessed November 28, 2019. "Lawrence - The Applebee’s where a horrific execution-style murder occurred has reopened. Workers at the chain restaurant off Brunswick Pike, next to the Quaker Bridge Mall, tried to regain a sense of normalcy following the point-blank killing of 23-year-old Devin 'Dynomite' Smith, who was shot in the back of the head as he drank at the bar early Tuesday morning.... He added the restaurant hadn’t experienced violent outbursts or altercations from patrons before Tuesday’s killing, the first homicide Lawrence has had in 16 years. The last one occurred in 2001, at the Sleepy Hollow Motel."
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 20, 2015.
- Lawrence Township Assigned ZIP Code Designation, Lawrence Township, October 31, 2007. Accessed November 19, 2012. "The United States Postal Service (USPS) has notified Lawrence Township Officials that the postal ZIP Code 08648 has been approved for designation as Lawrence Township."
- Areas touching Lawrence Township, MapIt. Accessed February 25, 2020.
- Municipalities within Mercer County, NJ, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map Archived July 4, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, United States Department of Agriculture. Accessed November 26, 2019.
- PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. Accessed November 26, 2019.
- U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions), Data Basin. Accessed November 26, 2019.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 13, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 13, 2013. Population for 1840 is listed as 1,156.
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- Abdur-Rahman, Sulaiman. "Lawrence councilman's death triggers competitive special election", The Trentonian, October 31, 2015. Accessed July 11, 2016. "The July 29 death of sitting Councilman Stephen Brame places Lawrence Township voters in position to elect the successor who will serve for the remainder of the late Democratic councilman's term.... An interim councilman, Ian J. Dember, is currently serving in Brame's council seat on a temporary basis. Dember's interim term ends when a new councilman is elected Tuesday. The winner of that special election will serve for the remainder of Brame's term, which runs through 2017."
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- Greenberg, Wendy. "A Look inside Princeton’s Educational Testing Service", Princeton Magazine. Accessed November 28, 2019. "In 1947, a small nonprofit organization with a mission of advancing equity in education began its work in a brick building at 20 Nassau Street in Princeton. After more than seven decades, Educational Testing Service (ETS), located since 1964 on a scenic campus off Rosedale Road just outside of Princeton in Lawrence Township, still adheres to its original mission to 'advance quality and equity in education' and 'measure knowledge and skills, promote learning and performance, and support education and professional development for all people worldwide.'"
- Home (Archive). Princeton Community Japanese Language School. Accessed May 9, 2014. "PCJLS Office 14 Moore Street, Princeton, NJ 08542" and "Sunday Office Rider University, Memorial Hall, Rm301"
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- Colonial Lake Park, Lawrence Township. Accessed Novemnber 28, 2019. "A 25 acre lake serves as the focal point of this park which also includes tennis on three courts, exercise on the jogging path and play opportunities on a variety of playground equipment."
- New Jersey 2013-2014 Champion Big Tree Register, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed April 21, 2015.
- Sullivan, Tara. "Blushing Ex-Rider At Rutgers Last-Choice Bannon Embraces Job", New York Daily News, April 4, 1997. Accessed February 6, 2018. "Kevin Bannon Age: 39 Family: Wife Cindy, son Tommy (4) Hometown: Grew up in Verona, N.J. Lives in Lawrenceville, N.J."
- Persico, Joyce J. "Ntozake Shange and Ifa Bayeza — the erstwhile Williams siblings of Trenton — mark careers with new novel, film", The Times (Trenton), October 9, 2010. Accessed November 6, 2017. "'I was a very fearful child,' said Shange, who remembers first being called a racial slur at age 3 or 4.... 'I remember they threw cherry bombs at our home in Lawrenceville.'"
- Staff. "Brackett Making Impact As Nittany Lions Receiver", Centre Daily Times, September 4, 2008. Accessed October 10, 2012. "Now the fourth receiver in an offense that routinely utilizes four-wide sets, the redshirt sophomore from Lawrenceville, NJ, poses a big problem for opposing defenses... Brackett threw for 46 touchdowns and ran for 23 more during his career at Lawrence High School...."
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- Katz, Michael. "The Education Of Quarterback Brunner", The New York Times, September 20, 1982. Accessed October 23, 2019. "Scott, who was born in Sellersville, Pa., grew up in Middletown, N.Y.; West Chester, Pa., and Lawrenceville, N.J.... The family moved to Lawrenceville just before Scott's junior year in high school."
- President, Head Coach and General Manager, Cedar Rapids RoughRiders. Accessed October 23, 2019. "A native of Lawrenceville, New Jersey, Carlson graduated from the University of Massachusetts-Lowell with a B.S. in Business Administration and Marketing."
- Staff. "Mercer County honors Richard J. Coffee", The Trentonian, October 19, 2009. Accessed May 29, 2011. "The Lawrence resident is considered the driving force behind the county park system. Mercer County Executive Brian Hughes said Coffee should have been honored long ago."
- Oliver Crane, Princeton Tigers. Accessed May 24, 2020. "Hometown: Lawrenceville, N.J.; High School: Peddie School"
- Margery Cuyler, Adams Literary. Accessed July 8, 2015. "She lives in Lawrenceville, New Jersey with her husband and has three grown children."
- Staff. "Tony DeNicola: Obituary", The Times (Trenton), September 4, 2006. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Tony DeNicola, 79, died Saturday in the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. Born in Pennington, he had resided in Lawrenceville for 40 years."
- Robbins, Lynn. "For Elliot, a Gig Near Home & Heart" Archived 2017-10-04 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. 1 Newspaper, April 23, 2014. Accessed October 3, 2017. "'I like playing at events where I've grown up. This area is a special spot for me,' says Elliot who now lives in Jersey City but hails from Lawrence Township."
- Staff. "Governor Appoints Lawrence Resident as Sandy Recovery Manager; Former Executive Assistant Attorney General (and Lawrence Township resident) Marc Ferzan will Manage Hurricane Sandy storm recovery.", Lawrenceville Patch, November 29, 2012. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- "Dr. N. Howell Furman, 73, Dies; Chemist Worked on Atom Bomb; Responsible for Analytical Separation of Uranium-At Princeton 41 Years", The New York Times, August 3, 1965. Accessed July 26, 2020. "Dr. N. Howell Furman, a distinguished analytical chemist and educator who took part in the development of the atomic bomb, died today in Mary Fletcher Hospital at the age of 73.... He was born in Lawrenceville, N. J, and attended the Lawrenceville School, receiving the Master's Prize as the leading scholar of the class of '09."
- "Green, John Cleve", Princeton University, from Alexander Leitch, A Princeton Companion, copyright Princeton University Press (1978).. Accessed July 8, 2015. "Green was born in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, and was a member of the first class to enter what became the Lawrenceville School."
- Tate, Curtis. "Phil Murphy's pick for transportation commissioner has strong NJ roots" The Record, December 20, 2017. Accessed January 6, 2018. "Gutierrez-Scaccetti was born in Newark, raised in Lawrence Township and attended Rutgers."
- Piehler, Kurt; and Marley, Lynn. Kroesen, Frederick, Rutgers University Oral History Archives, March 16, 1998. Accessed May 4, 2020. "When I was ten-years-old, we moved to Eggerts Road in, what is now, Lawrenceville."
- Staff. "The Philosopher Kings", The Times (Trenton), December 15, 2009. Accessed November 19, 2012. "By day, Josue Lajeunesse cleans buildings at Princeton University. By night, he drives a taxi, shuttling passengers back and forth from the Princeton Junction Train Station.... The Lawrence resident's efforts to build a life in the U.S. and support his community back home are the subject of a new documentary film, The Philosopher Kings."
- Acampora, Rob. "Tonic Comes Home To N.J. in June – Prepares For Their American Reboot", WSJO. Accessed July 8, 2015. "Bassist Dan Lavery comes from Lawrenceville (and graduated from Rutgers), has ties in his early days starting out with Jersey cover band Brian Kirk and The Jirks (always worth checking out for a fun night out), and worked with The Fray a few years back."
- Plaks, Andrew H.; Peterson, Willard J.; Tang, Hai-tao; and Yu, Ying-shih. "James T. C. Liu (1919-1993)", The Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 53 / Issue 03 / August 1994, pp 1044-1045. Accessed June 27, 2015. "James T. C. Liu (Liu Tzu-chien) died at his home in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, on September 30, 1993, after a long illness."
- Staff. "Lord Accepts Bid For Senate Race; Choice of Jersey Democrats Serves on Port Authority -- Nomination Assured", The New York Times, February 15, 1960. Accessed February 2, 2011. "Mr. Lord served several years ago on the Lawrence Township Council."
- Staff. "Gen. D.W. M'Gowan Found Dead in Home", The New York Times, September 25, 1967. Accessed March 27, 2015. "Lawrence Township, N.J., Sept. 24 (AP) Maj. Gen. Donald W. McGowan, former chief of the National Guard Bureau in Washington, was found dead in his home today of apparently self-inflicted gunshot wounds."
- Via Associated Press. "Shift in Top Personnel Is Announced by Kean", The New York Times, January 13, 1985. Accessed March 27, 2016. "Mr. Merin, 37 years old, of Lawrence Township became Acting Insurance Commissioner in April following the resignation of Joseph F. Murphy."
- Hunt, Christopher. "Moran to live dream in NYC marathon", ESPN, November 2, 2011. Accessed July 8, 2015. "After his parents moved to Lawrenceville when he was 6, Moran started running as a sophomore at Notre Dame High School in New Jersey."
- Green, Jim. "Lawrence native made meteoric rise from professional soccer player to president of New Orleans Hornets", CentralJersey.com, August 25, 2005. Accessed January 3, 2021. "When Paul Mott finds himself at meetings with the other 29 NBA team presidents and league commissioner David Stern, the Lawrence native almost has to pinch himself."
- "Whitecaps FC Sign 2017 MLS SuperDraft Pick Jake Nerwinski", OurSportsCentral, February 9, 2017. Accessed October 23, 2017. "The Lawrenceville, New Jersey native was an All-District player in each of his four years at his hometown's Notre Dame High School."
- Johnson, Greg. "Lawrence High grad John Schneider rising in Blue Jays’ system as a manager", The Trentonian, April 10, 2018. Accessed December 5, 2018. "During John Schneider’s sixth season as a prospect in the Toronto Blue Jays organization, his career in professional baseball took a twist.... Schneider, a 1998 Lawrence High graduate, is in his first season managing the New Hampshire Fisher Cats, who are in town until Wednesday to play the Thunder."
- "Schwarzkopf returns to a hero's welcome Lawrence Township honors its favorite son", The Star-Ledger, May 25, 1997. "The hero at the Lawrence Township parade was also a favorite son – Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, U.S. Army (Ret.). Schwarzkopf, 62, the commander of the U.S.-led coalition in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, lived in Lawrence Township until he was 13."
- Blackwell, Jon. "1928: Patrolling on horse and Harley", The Trentonian. Accessed February 2, 2011. "Schwarzkopf remained at the family home in Lawrenceville, narrated the radio drama 'Gangbusters,' and kept on good terms with his officers."
- Lee, Felicia R. "A Writer’s Struggles, on and Off the Page", The New York Times, September 17, 2010. Accessed October 3, 2017. "The sisters were raised in St. Louis and in Lawrence Township, N.J., the oldest of four children of a surgeon, Paul T. Williams, and Eloise O. Williams, a social worker and educator who also had a fondness for the arts."
- Silverstein, Marilyn. "Jewish values inform view of new labor commissioner" Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Jewish News, August 24, 2006. Accessed May 29, 2011. "His mother, Elizabeth Socolow, lives in Lawrenceville."
- Morton, Ryan. "Jon Solomon: Quirky Carols", Northwestern University Alumni Life, Winter 2011. Accessed November 21, 2012. " Solomon also runs an independent music label, Comedy Minus One, that produces post-punk, and he writes for various publications, while living in Lawrenceville, N.J."
- America's Anchors: Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert faked it until they made it. Now they may truly be the most trusted names in news, Rolling Stone
- Senator Shirley K. Turner, Project Vote Smart. Accessed February 2, 2011.
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