Lawrence Walsh at the Oval Office in 1960
|4th United States Deputy Attorney General|
|President||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||William P. Rogers|
|Succeeded by||Byron White|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
April 28, 1954 – December 29, 1957
|Nominated by||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Preceded by||new seat|
|Succeeded by||Lloyd Francis MacMahon|
|Born||Lawrence Edward Walsh
January 8, 1912
Port Maitland, Nova Scotia
|Died||March 19, 2014
Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
|Spouse(s)||Maxine Winton (1936-1964; her death)
Mary Alma Porter (1965-2012; her death)
|Alma mater||Columbia University
Columbia Law School
Lawrence Edward Walsh (January 8, 1912 – March 19, 2014) was an American lawyer and former U.S. District Court judge and Deputy Attorney General who was appointed Independent Counsel in December 1986 to investigate the Iran–Contra affair during the Reagan Administration.
Early life and career
Walsh was born in Port Maitland, Nova Scotia, Canada, the son of Cornelius Edward (1879-1927) and Lila May (Sanders) Walsh. His father was a family doctor and his grandfather was a sea captain. Walsh grew up in Queens, New York and became a naturalized citizen at the age of 10. He attended Flushing High School.
Walsh received an A.B. from Columbia University in 1932 and an LL.B. from Columbia Law School in 1935. After graduating from law school, he served a varied career in public life, including as special assistant attorney general of Drukman Investigation from 1936 to 1938 and as a deputy assistant district attorney of New York County from 1938 to 1941. After a period in private practice of law in New York City from 1941 to 1943, he served as assistant counsel to New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey from 1943 to 1949 and as Counsel to the Governor from 1950 to 1951. He was a Counsel for the Public Service Commission from 1951 to 1953, and the general counsel and Executive Director of the Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor from 1953 to 1954.
On April 6, 1954, Walsh was named by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to a newly created seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 27, 1954, and received his commission on April 28, 1954. He resigned on December 29, 1957 to become the Deputy Attorney General, in which capacity he served from 1957 to 1960.
New York lawyer
After leaving the Eisenhower administration, Walsh resumed the private practice of law in New York City, where he practiced from 1961 to 1981 as a partner at Davis Polk & Wardwell, where he worked on the Bendectin litigation and represented companies such as General Motors and AT&T. In 1969, on the recommendation of his former boss, Secretary of State and former Attorney General William P. Rogers, Walsh was named as an ambassador in the U.S. Delegation to the Paris Peace Talks in 1969, but held the position for only a short period of time. He served as president of the American Bar Association from 1975 until 1976. In 1981, approaching Davis Polk's mandatory retirement age, Walsh moved his practice to his wife's home town of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, where he joined the firm of Crowe & Dunlevy.
On December 19, 1986, Walsh was named as the independent counsel in charge of the Iran-Contra investigation. His investigation led to the convictions of both former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, Vice Admiral John Poindexter and former NSC staffer, Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North, though both convictions were subsequently reversed. Walsh also brought an indictment on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice against former Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger in June 1992. That September, one count, obstruction of justice, was dismissed for technical and jurisprudence reasons.
On the eve of the 1992 presidential election, on October 30, Mr. Walsh obtained a grand jury re-indictment of Weinberger on one count of false statements. One phrase in that superseding indictment referred to President George H.W. Bush. Some believe that Bush had been closing the gap with Bill Clinton, and that this event stopped his momentum. Clinton administration attorney Lanny Davis called the decision to indict a week before the election rather than after the election "bizarre." Judge Thomas Hogan dismissed the October indictment two months later for being outside the statute of limitations. Weinberger's subsequent pardon by President George Bush in December 1992 preempted any trial. Walsh steadfastly denied that the investigation was politically motivated, while Bush and others criticized it as "the criminalization of policy differences."
Walsh submitted his final report on August 4, 1993, and later wrote an account of his experiences as counsel, Firewall: The Iran-Contra Conspiracy and Cover-Up. In 2003, Walsh published his autobiography, The Gift of Insecurity: A Lawyer's Life.
Personal life and death
In his senior year of college, Walsh began to date Maxine Winton of Tampa, Florida, a former Barnard College student then attending Columbia Business School. They were married from 1936 until her death from cancer, at age 52, in 1964. In 1965, Walsh married Mary Alma Porter; they were married until her death on December 22, 2012. He was the father of five children — Barbara, Janet, Dale, Sara and Elizabeth.
- Spencer, Scott (July 4, 1993). "Lawrence Walsh's Last Battle". New York Times. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Greenhouse, Linda (December 20, 1986). "THE WHITE HOUSE CRISIS: A LOOK AT THE PRSECUTOR; MAN IN THE NEWS: A Jurist in Varied Roles: Lawrence Edward Walsh". New York Times.
- Davis, Lanny (2007). Scandal: How "Gotcha" Politics Is Destroying America. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 129–133. ISBN 1-4039-8475-1.
- Abshire, David M.; Richard E. Neustadt (2005). Saving the Reagan presidency: trust is the coin of the realm. Texas A&M University Press. pp. 180–81. ISBN 1-58544-466-9.
- Johnston, David (December 12, 1992). "Charge in Weinberger Case That Caused Furor Before Election Is Thrown Out". New York Times. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- The Biology of Luck, Back Matter, Elephant Press, 2013
- Montana Appeal, August 2013
- Robinson, William T. (2012-01-12). "Judge Lawrence E. Walsh’s 100th Birthday Noted in Conversation with ABA President Robinson". American Bar Association. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- Bowmer, Rick (2012-03-20). "Lawrence E. Walsh, Iran-contra special prosecutor, dies at 102". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
- Lawrence Walsh at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters
- Walsh, Lawrence (1997). Firewall: The Iran-Contra Conspiracy and Cover-Up. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-04034-8.
William P. Rogers
|U.S. Deputy Attorney General
Served under: Dwight D. Eisenhower
newly created seat
|Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
Lloyd Francis MacMahon