Lawrence Washington (1659–1698)

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Lawrence Washington
Member of the House of Burgesses representing Westmoreland County
In office
1684-1686
Preceded byWilliam Hardidge
Succeeded byWilliam Hardidge
In office
1691-1692
Preceded byWilliam Hardidge
Succeeded byThomas Yowell
Personal details
BornSeptember 1659
Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia
DiedFebruary 1698 (aged 38)
Warner Hall, Gloucester County, Colony of Virginia
Resting placeWakefield, Colony of Virginia, British America
Spouse(s)Mildred Warner
ChildrenJohn Washington III
Augustine Washington
Mildred Washington
Parent(s)John Washington
Anne Pope
OccupationLawyer, soldier, planter, slave holder, politician

Lawrence Washington (September 1659 – February 1698),[1][2][3] was a colonial-era Virginia planter, slave holder, lawyer, soldier and politician, now principally remembered as the paternal grandfather of George Washington.

Early life and education[edit]

Lawrence was born in September 1659, on his father's estate at Mattox Creek and when he was five years old, the family moved to a nearby plantation on Bridges Creek, in Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia.[4] He was named to honor his paternal grandfather, former Oxford don and High Church Anglican Rector Rev. Lawrence Washington. His father, John Washington, had emigrated from Essex, England and married Anne Pope. His mother (who died when Lawrence was a child) was the daughter and heiress of Col. Nathaniel Pope, a merchant and planter who had emigrated first to Maryland, then to Virginia's Northern Neck decades earlier. Col. Pope had given his son-in-law start-up capital and the property as a marriage present, and died shortly before his first grandson's birth. Before her death, Ann Pope bore two more children who survived to adulthood: John Washington (c. 1660 – 1698) and Anne Washington Wright (c. 1660 – 1697). The widower John Washington married twice more, both times to widows, with whom he did not have children but substantially increased his landholdings.[5]

After a private education in Virginia as befit his class, Lawrence was sent to England to complete his studies,[6] including training as a lawyer.

Career[edit]

As the Washington family's eldest son, Lawrence received the benefits of primogeniture. Upon his father's death when Lawrence was 18 years old, he inherited two substantial estates on the Potomac River: Mattox Creek (1,850 acres) and Little Hunting Creek (2,500 acres)[7] (which would eventually be renamed Mount Vernon by Lawrence's grandson and namesake, Lawrence Washington). Washington did not add substantially to either property during his lifetime, which some historians believe indicates his greater interest in politics and the law rather than plantations, although he also left personal property to support his widow and children, including 406 pounds sterling and 32,509 pounds of tobacco.[8][9][10]

Lawrence Washington assumed public responsibilities in Westmoreland County based on his landownership, and three times (first in 1684) won election to the House of Burgesses to represent Westmoreland County's interests. Thus, he served for about a decade, with the exception of the 1688 session that was suppressed.[11] He had begun his county service as one of the justices of the peace in 1680, and in 1684 Lawrence Washington became colonel of the county militia.[12] He also served two years as the county Sheriff.[9][13] Lawrence Washington also continued his father's roles as the county coroner, and took special interest in guardianships and estates, serving as trustee of the estate of Thomas Pope, the orphan Jan Hay, and Daniel Lisson's daughter born after his death.[14]

Family life[edit]

In 1688, Lawrence married Mildred Warner, one of three daughters of Mildred Reade and the wealthy Gloucester County planter Augustine Warner Jr.[9][15] During the decade of their marriage, they had three children:

  • John Washington III (1692–1746)
  • Augustine Washington (1694–1743)
  • Mildred Washington (1698–1747)

Death and legacy[edit]

Lawrence died at the age of 38 in February 1698, and was interred in the family cemetery at Bridge's Creek.[16] His widow Mildred Warner Washington married George Gale, who moved the family to Whitehaven, England. Mildred however, would only survive for another three years, dying in 1701 at age 30 following a difficult childbirth.[8][15] Her will named Gale as her children's guardian, but in 1704 Lawrence's cousin John Washington successfully petitioned to have custody transferred to him. At that point, the three Washington children returned to Virginia, where they lived near Chotank Creek. John Washington thus had the use of the lands and personal property they had inherited while he acted as their guardian.[8]


References[edit]

  1. ^ White, Jim (2013). Washington : 25 Generations October 19, 1781. LuLu Press. pp. 19–20.
  2. ^ "Ancestry". George Washington's Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  3. ^ "Lawrence Washington George Washington's Grandfather". Kenmore.Org. The George Washington Foundation. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  4. ^ Walter Biscoe Norris Jr., Westmoreland County Virginia:1653-1983 (Montross: Westmoreland County Board of Supervisors 1983) p. 150
  5. ^ According to Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, vol. 5 pp. 692-693, John Washington had a brother, also Lawrence Washington, who emigrated to Virginia with him and also died in 1677, as well as an earlier wife and two children, who all died shortly after arriving in Virginia
  6. ^ Tyler p. 693
  7. ^ "Ancestry", Mount Vernon
  8. ^ a b c "Washingtons", Genealogy, The George Washington Foundation
  9. ^ a b c Randall, Willard Sterne (2014). George Washington, A Life. p. 15.
  10. ^ Norris P. 151
  11. ^ Cynthia Miller Leonard, The Virginia General Assembly 1619-1978 (Richmond: Virginia State Library 1978) pp. 47, 48, 51
  12. ^ Norris p. 151
  13. ^ "Members of the House of Burgesses". The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Richmond, Virginia: The Virginia Historical Society: 245. January 1901. lawrence washington member of house of burgesses 1685.
  14. ^ Norris p. 151
  15. ^ a b "Washington Family: Third Generation" Archived 2009-01-04 at the Wayback Machine, Genealogy.com
  16. ^ Norris p. 151