Lawrence armory (Lawrence, Kansas)
|Massachusetts Street, Lawrence, Kansas|
|Controlled by||local militia|
|Built||c. June 1863|
|In use||c. June 1863 to possibly spring 1864|
|Lawrence Kansas Army National Guard Armory|
|200 Iowa St., Lawrence, Kansas|
|Type||Army National Guard armory|
|Controlled by||Kansas Army National Guard|
|In use||c. 1950s to present (as of October 2012)|
Two structures in Lawrence have been known as the Lawrence Armory - the Civil War era armory and the Lawrence Kansas Army National Guard Armory.
Civil War era armory
On August 21, 1863, William C. Quantrill and about 400 Confdederate guerrillas and regular army recruits raided Lawrence. Quantrill came so fast that none of the town's defenders was able to reach the armory before the guerrillas took control of it. A few persons had kept their guns at home in defiance of the city ordinance, so a bit of scattered resistance occurred. Two camps of recruits also had no arms with them and were mercilessly gunned down. Ironically, of all the business structures on Massachusetts Street only the armory and one other building were left standing. Most of the armory's guns were left in the armory by the guerrillas.
Just two days later the guerrillas were rumored to be heading again toward Lawrence. This time a number of men went to the armory and armed themselves with the guns there. The rumor turned out to be false. In 1864 blockhouses were built to allow the local militia to defend Lawrence and by that time the use of the armory appeared to have ceased.
Lawrence Kansas Army National Guard Armory
The coordinates of this armory are known, as it has existed for years, probably being built in the 1950s. The coordinates are Kansas Turnpike from the north to U.S. Highway 40 to the south. The armory can be located on satellite imagery.. The Lawrence Kansas Army National Guard Armory sits on a triangle of land bound on the north by West 2nd Street, on the west by Iowa Street and along the east by McDonald Drive. McDonald Drive runs from the northeast to the southwest of the armory, intersecting both 2nd and Iowa streets. The Kansas Army National Guard owns the entire triangle of land occupied by the armory buildings and parking area. McDonald connects the
- William E. Connelley, Quantrill and the Border Wars (Cedar Rapids, Iowa: The Torch Press, 1910), pp. 330, 340.
- Peter D. Ridenour, Quantrill's Raid: Aug. 21, 1863 (Lawrence, Kans.: Douglas County Historical Society, n.d.), p. 1.
- Connelley, pp. 337-40, 376-7, 388.
- Richard Cordley, The Lawrence Massacre by a Band of Missouri Ruffians Under Quantrell (Lawrence, Kans.: J. S. Broughton, 1865), in the Kansas Collection, at http://www.kancoll.org/books/cordley_massacre/quantrel.raid.html .
- Ridenour, pp. 14-5.