Lakshmi Narayan

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Lakshmi Narayan
Downey Laxminarayan Dev.jpg
LakshmiNarayan Dev Murtis at the Swaminarayan Temple in Downey, California
AffiliationForm of Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi
WeaponConch, Club, Disc-Weapon

Lakshmi Narayan or Lakshmi-Narayana (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी-नारायण, IAST: Lakṣmīnārāyaṇa), also sometimes spelled Lakshminarayan, Lakshminarayana, Laxminarayana, is a manifestation of Vishnu in the Hindu religion. It is usually referring to Vishnu, also known as Narayan, when he is with his consort, Lakshmi, in his abode, Vaikuntha. The goddess of beauty Lakshmi is depicted as standing next to a dark-skinned Vishnu, who is holding a conch, mace, lotus and the Sudarshana Chakra. Another depiction of Lakshminarayan portrays Lakshmi in the service of Narayan, who is reclining on the cosmic serpent Sesha, floating in Kshīrsagār, the Ocean of Milk.[1]


Lakshmi Narayan statue at Naksaal, kathmandu
Lakshmi-Narayan at Halebidu

The deity Lakshminarayan has many historic roots and is sometimes interpreted by different traditions. Goddess Mahalakshmi incarnated again and again with Her beloved consort following Narayana's wish and mode of incarnation. When He was Rama, She became Sita and when He was Krishna, She appeared as Rukmini. Other queens were Her expansions. This fact is explored in Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vishnu purana, Bhagavat purana and in other authentic scriptures. Goddess Subhadra was treated as Lakshmi during the Ganga period, and afterwards. The Purushottama Mahatmya of Skanda Purana (13th century A.D.) and of Vishnurahasya (16th century A.D.) referred to the female wooden image between Jagannath and Balabhadra as Lakshmi.[2]

Lakshmi Naryana Frontispiece from the "Tula Ram" Bhagavata Purana - Brooklyn Museum

In Swaminarayan Sampraday[edit]

In sect Swaminarayan Sampraday, the deity is referred to as Laxminarayan Dev. Krishna — identified with Narayana in the text Shikshapatri — is with his wife Rukmini, a form of Lakshmi, and is also called LaxmiNarayan Dev.[3] The founder of the sect, Swaminarayan installed the murtis of Laxminarayan Dev at the Swaminarayan Mandir, Vadtal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ellwood, Robert (2007). Encyclopedia of World Religions. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 468. ISBN 0-8160-6141-6.
  2. ^ Dr. A.C. Pradhan (June 2004). "Evolution of Jagannath Cult" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-05-11. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Shikshapatri, verse 109 by Swaminarayan".

External links[edit]