The lazarette (also spelled lazaret) of a boat is an area near or aft of the cockpit. The word is similar to and probably derived from lazaretto. A lazarette is usually a storage locker used for gear or equipment a sailor or boatswain would use around the decks on a sailing vessel.
It is typically found below the weather deck in the stern of the vessel and is accessed through a cargo hatch (if accessed from the main deck) or a doorway (if accessed from below decks). The equipment usually stored in a lazarette would be spare lines, sails, sail repair, line and cable splicing repair equipment, fenders, bosun chair, spare blocks, tools, and other equipment.
On the old square-rigged sailing ships it was located in the stern of the ship. The original purpose was to store the bodies of important passengers or crew who had died on the voyage (lesser seamen would be buried at sea). In modern shipbuilding and for powerboats of most sizes, the lazarette is the location of the steering gear equipment for the vessel. This area is particularly sensitive to flooding and damage, as the ability to steer during heavy weather is of the utmost importance to vessel safety. The lazarette also represents a vulnerability in that the large hull penetrations required for rudders and shafts for propulsion through the vessel's hull generally reside there.
- Adams, Dean J. (2012). Four Thousand Hooks: A True Story of Fishing and Coming of Age on the High Seas of Alaska. University of Washington Press. p. 261. ISBN 9780295804354.
- Hopkin, Alannah; Bunney, Kathy (2010). The Ship of Seven Murders: A True Story of Madness & Murder. The Collins Press. ISBN 9781848890947.
The lazarette was to the aft of the main cabin, and was used for storing spare line and cables, blocks, fenders and other gear that was seldom needed at sea.
- Mayne, Richard (2020). The Language of Sailing. Routledge. ISBN 9781135965655.
- Media related to Lazarettes at Wikimedia Commons