León (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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León
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(León).png
Location of León within Spain
Province León
Autonomous community Castile and León
Population 479,395 (2016)
Electorate 440,263 (2016)
Major settlements León, Ponferrada
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 6 (1977–1986)
5 (1986–2016)
4 (2016–)

León is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to León is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for León 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 4 1
1st 1979
2 4
2nd 1982
3 1 2
3rd 1986
3 2
4th 1989
3 2
5th 1993
2 3
6th 1996
2 3
7th 2000
2 3
8th 2004
3 2
9th 2008
3 2
10th 2011
2 3
11th 2015
1 1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

2015 general election[edit]

2011 general election[edit]

2008 general election[edit]

2004 general election[edit]

2000 general election[edit]

1996 general election[edit]

1993 general election[edit]

1989 general election[edit]

1986 general election[edit]

1982 general election[edit]

1979 general election[edit]

1977 general election[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°40′N 6°00′W / 42.667°N 6.000°W / 42.667; -6.000