|Etymology||le bœuf, French for "buffalo"|
|• location||Summit Township, Erie County, Pennsylvania|
|• elevation||1,420 ft (430 m)|
|Mill Village, Erie County, Pennsylvania|
|1,160 ft (350 m)|
|Length||18.0 mi (29.0 km)|
|Basin size||63.6 sq mi (165 km2)|
|Progression||French Creek → Allegheny River → Ohio River → Mississippi River → Gulf of Mexico|
|• left||East Branch LeBoeuf Creek|
LeBoeuf Creek originates in Summit Township and meanders south before crossing under U.S. Route 19. Its East Branch tributary originates in Greene Township and flows south until meets with the main branch in Waterford Township. In Waterford, it passes under the Waterford Covered Bridge and heads west, back under US 19 and flows into Lake LeBoeuf. Lake LeBoeuf empties into LeBoeuf Creek at its southern end. The creek crosses under US 19 again and continues south where empties into French Creek near Mill Village.
In 1753, Fort Le Boeuf was built by Paul Marin de la Malgue along the banks of LeBoeuf Creek, near present-day Waterford, to help protect French interests in the Ohio Country from the British. George Washington was sent by British to Fort Le Boeuf to deliver a message to the French that demanded that they leave the Ohio Country.
- "LeBoeuf Creek". Geographic Names Information System. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Espenshad, Abraham Howry (1925). Pennsylvania Place Names. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State College. p. 246. OCLC 3028775.
- Shaw, L. C.; W. F. Busch (June 1984). Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams, Part II. Water Resources Bulletin. Vol. 16. Prepared in Cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Forest and Waters. p. 271.
- "French Creek Conservation Plan: Water Resources" (PDF). Western Pennsylvania Conservancy. 2002. p. 52. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-06. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183.