Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald
FitzGerald, photographed by M.O. Hammond in 1930.
Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald
March 17, 1890
|Died||August 5, 1956 (aged 66)|
His landscapes and still lifes were drawn from his immediate surroundings—the view of the back lane outside his house; a potted plant on the windowsill. His style grew more spare and abstract over his career. His body work includes painting in oil and watercolour, drawing, printmaking and sculpture.
His mother's family had left Devonshire for Canada, eventually settling on a farm in the Pembina Hills near Snowflake, Manitoba. As a boy, FitzGerald spent the summer vacation months on his grandmother's farm where he and his older brother were free to explore the woods and prairies.
FitzGerald left school at 14, with a Grade Eight education. This was not unusual at that time for families who did not expect to send their child to university. He worked first as an office boy, then was employed as a clerk for various businesses. He found it was not how he wanted to spend his life.
L.L. FitzGerald, "Painters of the Prairie," Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Midwest Network, radio interview, 1 December 1954 
In his spare time, FitzGerald began to draw and paint regularly. He used John Ruskin's Elements of Drawing (1857) as a guide for his self-directed study. He signed up for a winter of evening classes at the A. S. Kesthelyi School of Fine Art. He remarked in later years that 'I am still wondering how it was possible to find out so much in so short a time.'
FitzGerald married Felicia Wright (1883–1962) in 1912. They had two children, a son Edward in 1915, and a daughter Patricia in 1919.
After their marriage, FitzGerald determined to work as an artist while taking on a variety of jobs to support himself and his family. He arranged window displays, did free-lance interior decorating and painted theatre backdrops. His artistic work met with some success. In 1913, he exhibited at the Royal Canadian Academy (Montreal). In 1918, his painting, Late Fall, Manitoba was purchased by the National Gallery of Canada and in 1921 he received his first solo exhibition, at the Winnipeg Art Gallery.
In 1930, FitzGerald exhibited his work with the Group of Seven in two shows. The Group of Seven invited him to join their group in 1932, after the death of J. E. H. MacDonald.
Doc Snyder's House of 1931 is recognized as one of the most significant pieces of the period. Its realistic shading of the tree trunks and quiet nature is indicative of his training in New York.
In 1924, FitzGerald began teaching at the Winnipeg School of Art. He was promoted to principal of the school in 1929, a position he held until 1947.
The University of Manitoba recognized FitzGerald's contributions with an honorary doctorate in 1952. The Winnipeg School of Art was renamed the School of Art when it affiliated with the University of Manitoba in 1950.
In 2003, the Royal Canadian Mint produced a gold coin based on FitzGerald's 1929 work Houses.
In 2004, FitzGerald was inducted into the Winnipeg Citizens Hall of Fame for his contributions to the arts.
- Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald fonds - Biographical History, University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections, retrieved 2013-08-07
- Bovey, Patricia E. (1978). "The Man". Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald - The Development of an Artist. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery. pp. 11–21.
- Baker, Marilyn (1984). The Winnipeg School of Art. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba. pp. 95–98. ISBN 0-88755-613-2.
- Parke-Taylor, Michael (1988). In seclusion with nature: The later works of Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald, 1942-1956. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery. ISBN 0-88915-149-0.
- Ainslie, Patricia (1984). Images of the Land Canadian Block Prints 1919–1945. Calgary: Glenbow Museum. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0-919224-40-7.
- National Gallery of Canada (1958). L.L. Fitzgerald 1890-1956: A Memorial Exhibition 1958. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada. p. unpaginated (Chronology).
- Canadian Painting in the Thirties - The Independents, National Gallery of Canada, retrieved 8 August 2013
- Reid, Dennis (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting (2nd ed.). Toronto: Oxford University Press. pp. 164–165. ISBN 0-19-540663-X.
- "Memorable Manitobans: Winnipeg Citizens Hall of Fame". Manitoba Historical Society. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Harper, Russell. Painting in Canada: A History 2nd ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8020-6307-1
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