|Location||Jct. of Redstone Rd. and Elm St., NW corner, North Franklin Township, Washington, Pennsylvania|
|Area||less than one acre|
|NRHP Reference #||96000078|
|Added to NRHP||February 16, 1996|
|Designated PHMC||August 01, 1953|
The LeMoyne Crematory was the first crematory in the United States. Francis Julius LeMoyne had it built in 1876 on his own land, perched atop a location known locally as Gallow's Hill in the Pittsburgh area township of North Franklin, a bedroom community of nearby Washington, Pennsylvania. The first cremation took place on December 6, 1876. LeMoyne believed that cremation was a more sanitary way to dispose of bodies, preventing the contamination of drinking water. After 41 more cremations there (with LeMoyne being the third, in 1879), the crematory was closed in 1901. LeMoyne's remains are buried there.
It is a brick 20 x 30 one-story building.
Dr. Francis LeMoyne believed that cremation was a more sanitary way to dispose of bodies, preventing the contamination of drinking water. The structure was built in 1876, with the first cremation took place on December 6, 1876. Baron Joseph Henry Louis Charles De Palm, an impoverished Bavarian noble, was the first person to be cremated here.
After 41 more cremations there (with Dr. LeMoyne being the third, in 1879), the crematory was closed in 1901. The final cremation had occurred the year prior, on November 28, 1900, after Mrs. Mary S. Booth's remains were disposed of in the retort.
The Crematory in recent history
In 1953, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker noting the historic importance of the tavern. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 16, 1996. It is designated as a historic public landmark by the Washington County History & Landmarks Foundation.
Today, the structure can be found in the same location off of South Main Street. The Washington County Historical Society occasionally offers limited tours.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "LeMoyne Crematory - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- "LeMoyne Crematory". aCremation.
- "LeMoyne Crematory". Landmark Registry - Public Landmark. Washington County History & Landmarks Foundation. 2008. Retrieved 2013-12-08.
- "The Washington Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
|This article about a property in Washington County, Pennsylvania on the National Register of Historic Places is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|