A general view of the village
|Intercommunality||CA Sophia Antipolis|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Richard Ribero|
|14.47 km2 (5.59 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||100–1,312 m (328–4,304 ft) |
(avg. 310 m or 1,020 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Originally known simply as Le Bar, the commune was renamed Le Bar-sur-Loup by a decree dated 27 March 1961 published in the Journal Officiel on 1 April, with effect from 2 April 1961.
Its inhabitants are known as aubarnais - aubarnenc in Occitan - or simply barois.
Famous ruins of a railway viaduct are located in the nearby village of Pont-du-Loup. The viaduct was destroyed by German soldiers who occupied the village during the Second World War. In August 1944, the Germans evacuated the village and blew up the viaduct. Later, la Compagnie des Grands Travaux de Marseille (a public construction company at the time) ordered the destruction of remaining parts of the viaduct that were close to collapse. On the other hand, pillars that were considered as non-dangerous were left in place, and serve as a reminder of the time for local inhabitants.
Places and monuments
Church of Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur
- The carvings on the door are quite notable. On the inside is an altarpiece painted by Ludovico Brea, dating to the 16th century, as well as statues from the 17th century. In the back of the church, there is a wood carving of a danse macabre from the 15th century.
Le château des comtes de Grasse
- A quadrangular building built on vaulted cellars, with two towers to the south and a smaller one to the north. The castle was sacked in 1792 and sold to the villagers in 1832. Restored, it was divided into apartments. It was the birthplace of François Joseph Paul de Grasse on 13 September 1722. He became the Comte de Grasse and served as a career French naval general,
- At the entrance to the courtyard before the castle is a broad-based square tower. This is the old castle keep, now used as a tourist office. Before it was dismantled in 1792, it had seven storeys. A museum has been set up on the first floor which tells the stories of the village's most famous residents. The Chateau de Grasse is now operated as a hotel.
During Lent, a count in Le Bar held a party during which all the guests died. A danse macabre was painted to commemorate this divine punishment. It shows Death as an archer, firing arrows at the guests. Ghosts rise from the mouths of the corpses in the form of small, naked people, who are weighed in a balance held by Saint Michael (sitting at the feet of Christ). The ghosts are sent into the jaws of a monster, representing the entrance to hell.
- François Joseph Paul de Grasse (1722-1788), Comte de Grasse and career naval officer who made rank of admiral and was a hero to the American Revolutionary War, defeating the British in a critical battle.
Le Bar-sur-Loup has a sister city:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Bar-sur-Loup.|